On 4 May 1811, Maj-Gen Lord William Bentinck replaced Sir John Stuart as Commander-in-Chief of the troops in Sicily. Bentinck took command on 24 July 1811, and was additionally HM Minister Plenipotentiary to the Court at Naples.
At the time, Sicily was held by the British in the name of Ferdinand, King of the Two Sicilies, so as to deny it to the French. However, Ferdinand so oppressed his Sicilian peasantry, that Bentinck was obliged to keep a large force on the island to suppress rebellion.
On 7 Dec 1811, Bentinck strengthened the garrison in Sicily by transferring troops from Malta.
On 23 Sept 1811, Dr Borland, the Principal Medical Officer in Sicily, sent one to two hospital mates from Sicily to augment the subordinate medical officers at Malta.
On 25 October 1811, the Malta Garrison consisted of 7 Field Officers, 29 captains, 98 subalterns, 4,481 rank and file, 107 on passage to Malta, 202 at Home, 4616 Establishment.