RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The Royal Engineers

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The Royal Engineers

Introduction

A Corps of Engineers was formed in 1717 from the old Board of Ordnance. It was an officer-only Corps, the other ranks were supplied by contracted civilian workers.

In 1787, was formed the Corps of Royal Military Artificers consisting of the other ranks.

The Corps of Engineers became a Royal Corps in 1787.

In 1856, the officers of the Corps of Royal Engineers and the men of the Corps of Royal Military Artificers merged to form the Corps of Royal Engineers.

The Royal Engineers share the mottoes Ubique (Everywhere) and Quo Fas et Gloria Ducunt (Whither Right and Glory Lead) with the Royal Artillery. They wear a grenade with nine flames as opposed to seven flames for the Royal Artillery.

The Royal Engineers

1800 Maltese Artificers

A Corps of Maltese Artificers were raised in December 1800 to serve with the expedition of General Sir Ralph Abercrombie in Egypt. The men were superintended by a Maltese petty officer, who was under the direction of the store keeper. The men wore the uniform of the Ordnance department.

Lt Archibald Campbell of Colonel's Coy 30th Foot served as an assistant engineer in Malta during the blockade of the French garrison.

Royal Engineers serving in Malta in 1800:

1801 Royal Engineers

1802 Royal Engineers

1803 Royal Engineers

1804 Royal Engineers

1805 Royal Engineers

14 Aug 1805 Strength: 11 men, 2 Sick.

3 Nov Detachments joined Sir James Craig's Expedition to Naples.

1806 Royal Engineers

1807 Royal Engineers

1808 Royal Engineers

1809 Royal Engineers

1810 Royal Engineers

1811 Royal Engineers

1812 Royal Engineers

1813 Royal Engineers

1814 Royal Engineers

Strength 409 men.

1815 Royal Engineers

Strength 409 men.

1816 Royal Engineers

1817 Royal Engineers

1818 Royal Engineers

Location: Valletta.

1819 Royal Engineers

Location: Valletta.

1820 Royal Engineers

1821 Royal Engineers

1822 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1823 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1824 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta.

1825 Royal Engineers

1826 Royal Engineers

1827 Royal Engineers

22 Feb 1827 In the chapel of the Governor's Palace by the Rev John Cleugh, the Government Chaplain, Lt George St Vincent Whitmore RE, eldest son of Col George Whitmore RE, of Lower Slaughter Gloucestershire, married Miss Isabella Maxwell Stoddart, eldest daughter of Sir John Stoddart, President of the High Court of Appeal and Judge of the Vice Admiralty Court Malta.

Lt Charles Heard Beague RE died 12 May 1827. Memorial erected by his widow. Should his son visit this tomb, may it strength him to a pious emulation of his father's worth. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

5 Oct Emma Gertrude Jones daughter of Capt Harry David Jones RE and Charlotte born on 7 September 1827 was baptised on 5 October 1827.

1828 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in 1828:

1829 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in 1829:

1830 Royal Engineers

7 Feb 1830 Baptism of Walpole George Dashwood son of Lt Robert Dashwood and Henrietta Mary Annette born on 9 January 1830.

1831 Royal Engineers

11 Nov 1831 Colonel Henry Anderson Morshead RE and Acting Lieutenant-Governor of Malta died at his residence in Valletta, aged 55 years. In 1829, Colonel Morshead was appointed Commanding Royal Engineer at Malta. He served on the island until his death. This was brought on by a violent bilious attack early in the year which so much debilitated him, that he was unable to rally during the great heat of summer. His high military spirit would, however, not allow him to quit his command. He left a widow and eleven children. As Colonel Morshead was Acting Lieutenant-Governor at the time of his death, he was buried at public expense. The funeral cortege left his residence to the Auberge de Castille and thence to the Old Saluting Battery overlooking the Grand Harbour where he was interred.1

The following were baptised in 1831:

1832 Royal Engineers

12 Nov 1832 Baptism of Richard Hotham son of Lt George Hotham and Caroline born on 16 October 1832.

1833 Royal Engineers

Strength: 4 Officers, 0 men.

16 Nov 1833 Burial of Walter Graham Jones aged 9 months, youngest son of Captain H D Jones RE died at Valletta.

1834 Royal Engineers

2 May 1834 Baptism of Edith Marian Jones daughter of Capt Harry David Jones and Charlotte born on 27 February 1834.

1835 Royal Engineers

1836 Royal Engineers

Strength: 4 Officers, o men.

19 Nov 1836 At the Palace Chapel Valletta, Bachelor Lt Roger Stewart Beatson RE married Elizabeth Mary Ann, spinster second daughter of Lieutenant General John Sulivan Wood.

1837 Royal Engineers

1838 Royal Engineers

1839 Royal Engineers

1840 Royal Engineers

1841 Royal Engineers

1842 Royal Engineers

Location: HQ Valletta. No medical officers.

1843 Royal Engineers

Strength: HQ Valletta. No medical officers. 3 officers and 112 men.

1844 Royal Engineers

1845 Royal Engineers

1846 Royal Engineers

1847 Royal Engineers

1848 Royal Engineers

1849 Royal Engineers

1850 Royal Engineers

1851 Royal Engineers

17 Jan 1851 Strength: 93 men, 6 women, and 16 children of the Royal Sappers and Miners arrived from England.

1852 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 47 men, No medical officers.

20 July 1852 Bachelor L/Cpl John Morris Royal Sappers and Miners born in the Parish of Dunfermline County Fife, Scotland married Julia Cully, spinster born in the Parish of Portsea Hampshire.

1853 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 46 men, No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

The following were buried in 1853:

The following were married in 1853:

1854 Royal Sappers and Miners

No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

The following were buried in 1854:

1855 Royal Sappers and Miners

No medical officers.

The following were buried in 1855:

In September 1855, the Simoom with 420 men and the Barrackpore with 300 men of the Army Working Corps arrived in the Crimea. The 720 men formed the bulk of the corps and were put to work in the repair and construction of the railway and the road from headquarters to Balaclava.

1856 Royal Sappers and Miners

Strength: 107 men.

Up to 1856, the Royal Engineers consisted of two bodies. The officers formed the Corps of Royal Engineers and the men were in the Corps of Military Artificers, sappers and miners. After the Crimean War, the two separate bodies amalgamated into the Corps of Royal Engineers.

The following were buried in 1856:

The following were married in 1856:

1857 Royal Engineers

Strength: 210 men. No medical officers. HQ Valletta.

Pte Robert Blogg Royal Engineers was buried at Rock Gate Cemetery on 2 September 1857.

1858 Royal Engineers

1 Dec 1858 Strength: 7 Officers, 9 NCOs, 3 Buglers/Drummers, 151 rank and file, 170 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4618 rank and file).

1859 Royal Engineers

1 Feb 1859 Strength: 7 Officers, 8 NCOs, 3 Buglers/Drummers, 147 rank and file, 165 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4771 rank and file).

1 Apr Strength: 8 Officers, 8 NCOs, 1 Bugler/Drummer, 149 rank and file, 166 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 5650 rank and file).

25 Apr An extra Coy RE was placed under orders to embark for Malta, so as to increase the strength of the garrison in the Mediterranean.

1 Aug Strength: 10 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 278 rank and file, 309 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6897 rank and file).

1 Dec 1859 Strength: 9 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 270 rank and file, 300 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7044 rank and file).

In 1859, the regiment had 255.2 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 4.18 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1859:

1860 Royal Engineers

1 Jan 1860 Strength: 9 Officers, 15 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 270 rank and file, 300 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7018 rank and file).

1 June Strength: 11 Officers, 14 NCOs, 6 Buglers/Drummers, 267 rank and file, 298 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6203 rank and file).

In 1860, the regiment had an average strength of 283 men, 280 hospital admissions (989 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 4 deaths in hospital (14.13 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). 21 soldiers were admitted (74/1000 strength) with continued fevers with 2 deaths (7.07/1000 strength).

The following were buried at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1860:

1861 Royal Engineers

In 1861, the regiment had an average strength of 245 men, 141 hospital admissions (575 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 4 deaths in hospital (16.33 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The RE had 20 admissions (82 per 1000 of mean strength) from continued fevers with 3 deaths (12.24 per 1000 of mean strength).

The following were buried at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1861:

1862 Royal Engineers

In 1862, the regiment had an average strength of 200 men, 158 hospital admissions (790 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital, 1 death out of hospital and 1 among the invalids (20 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The following were buried at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1862:

1863 Royal Engineers

In 1863, the regiment had an average strength of 194 men, 202 hospital admissions (1041.4 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with no deaths.

1864 Royal Engineers

In 1864, the regiment had an average strength of 166 men, 155 hospital admissions (934 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital (12.08 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

1865 Royal Engineers

In 1865, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 182 men. It had 178 hospital admissions (978 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 1 death in hospital, 1 out of hospital and 1 death among the invalids (16.48 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The Royal Engineers occupied St Francis Barracks Floriana; their families inhabited huts in an adjoining outworks. Some of the men had diarrhoea but no true cholera.

1866 Royal Engineers

May 1866 Two companies of the Royal Engineers arrived from Gibraltar where they had served since 1861. They relieved two companies from Malta, one company left for Gibraltar, the other to England.

In 1866, the regiment had an average strength of 182 men. There were 180 hospital admissions (989 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 2 deaths in hospital (10.99 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). It had 61 admissions (335/1000 mean strength) for continued fevers with 2 deaths (10.99 deaths/1000 mean strength).

The regiment was quartered at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin.

1867 Royal Engineers

In 1867, the regiment had an average strength of 178 men. There were 153 hospital admissions (859.5 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 1 death in hospital (5.62 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). It had 17 admissions for continued fevers with no deaths.

The regiment was quartered at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin.

Cholera broke out on 1 September 1867. On 4 September, a child of a sergeant died within 8 hours of falling ill with cholera.

1868 Royal Engineers

Location: St Francis Barracks.

The average annual strength in 1868 was 180 men. There were 154 admissions into hospital; 2 died in hospital. The ratio per 1000 mean strength of those admitted was 856 and for deaths 11.11.

The Royal Engineers were at St Francis Barracks and Ravelin. From June to September, the regiment had 23 admissions for continued fevers, with no deaths.

1869 32 Coy RE

Barracks Occupied by the RE in 1869
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers
St Francis 136 8 5.88
St Francis Ravelin 17 2 11.76
Table 1: Barracks occupied by the RE showing the average Strength number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied.
Royal Engineers 1 January to 31 December 1869
Month Strength 1st day of month Hospital Admissions Deaths
January 174 8 0
February 173 6 0
March 173 6 0
April 172 11 0
May 172 9 0
June 172 9 0
July 167 10 0
August 167 11 0
September 167 8 1
October 166 8 0
November 167 8 0
December 167 9 0
Table 2: Regimental Strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. TNA:WO 334/62

32 Coy RE arrived at Malta in September 1869. Two companies were at St Francis Barracks. Married soldiers occupied quarters at St Francis Ravelin.

The average annual strength in 1869 was 170 men. There were 103 admissions into hospital; 1 died out of hospital. The ratio per 1000 of mean strength of those admitted was 605.9 and for deaths 5.88. In 1869, the garrison had 39 cases with five deaths from Delirium tremens. The Royal Engineers furnished the highest proportion, having had six cases in a strength of 170 men while the 52nd and 48th Foot had each only one and two cases respectively.

Two cases of suicide, were both soldiers cut their own throat, occurred during the year. Assistant surgeon John Stuart attributed the deaths to temporary excitement brought on by drink.

1870 Royal Engineers

Barracks Occupied by the Royal Engineers in 1870
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers
St Francis 131 28 21.37
St Francis Ravelin 12 5 41.63
Table 3: Barracks occupied by the RE showing the average Strength number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied.

The average Strength of the officers was 9.08; five were admitted to hospital during the year. An average of 15.76 women accompanied the regiment, of whom 19 were admitted to hospital. There were no deaths among the officers or wives.

From 1 January to 31 December 1870, there was an average of 29.33 children with the regiment, 43 of whom were admitted to hospital. There were 5 infant deaths from: mumps (1), phthisis pulmonalis (1), diarrhoea (2) and atrophy (1).

There was an average of 164 NCOs and men in the command, with 201 admissions to hospital (1226 admissions/1000 mean strength) and 1 death (6.10 deaths/1000 mean strength).

St Francis Barracks Floriana was a two storied building with four large rooms, two on each floor and two small ones. There were no night urinals, urine tubs being still used by the men. These were not only offensive, but it was also impossible to keep the floor around the tubs clean. The married quarters at St Francis Ravelin were situated in a block of buildings which was well lit and ventilated. At each end of the block, was a quarter for a non-commissioned officer; each of the other quarters had only one room. These were too crowded for large families, who were often granted a second quarter, when these became available. NCOs had larger quarters in St Francis Barracks.

The men of the Royal Engineers wore the red tunic and black trousers in winter while on guards and full dress parades. In summer they wore the serge patrol jackets and white trousers. Over their forage caps, they wore a white cover with a short curtain to protect the back of the neck from the heat of the sun. There were two weekly parades with arms and accoutrements, which lasted between one and two hours. These were held early in the morning so as to escape as much as possible the heat of the day. During the day, the men were employed at their trades, or labouring on maintaining the defences.

The Engineer Companies at Malta were:

Royal Engineers 1 January to 31 December 1870
Month Strength 1st day of month Hospital Admissions Deaths
January 169 16 0
February 178 13 0
March 179 8 0
April 179 9 0
May 97 8 0
June 96 19 0
July 180 28 0
August 178 22 0
September 178 24 1
October 178 14 0
November 176 16 0
December 178 24 0
Table 4: Regimental Strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. (TNA:WO 334/77)

In 1870, the Royal Engineers had more admissions into hospital from fevers than in 1868 and 1869. This increase was attributed to the arrival of a new Company from England in January, and another from Gibraltar in June, with men not yet being acclimatised to the climate. The Company which had served in Gibraltar for 4 years prior to its arrival at Malta, admitted as many soldiers to hospital with fever, as the one arriving from England. The PMO blamed heavy drinking for the high admission rate among the Royal Engineers.

All the men, women, and children were vaccinated against smallpox.

On 16 September 1870, Sgt J. McIsaacs 26 Coy RE, aged 30 years, died in the regimental hospital from an abscess in his liver.

1871 Royal Engineers

The regiment had an average strength of 194 men. There were 240 admissions into hospital (1237/1000 mean strength), with 1 death in hospital (5.15/1000 mean strength). The men were at St Francis Barracks Floriana.

1872 Royal Engineers

In 1872, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 176 men. It had 200 admissions (1136/1000 mean strength) into hospital with no deaths. Its average strength from 30 June to 30 September was 162 men. During this third quarter of the year when fevers were prevalent, the Royal Engineers had a total of 18 hospital admissions with 4 deaths. It had: 6 cases of enteric fever with 4 deaths, 137 of simple continued fevers and 38 of febricula.

The men were at St Francis Barracks and St Francis Ravelin Floriana.

1873 Royal Engineers

In 1873, the Royal Engineers had an average strength of 173 men. It had 191 admissions (1104/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (11.56/1000 mean strength).

The 1st and 24th Companies Royal Engineers arrived in Malta from Mauritius and Bermuda respectively.

1874 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 209 men. It had 218 admissions (1043.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (4.78/1000 mean strength). It had 2 invalids returned to England.

1875 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 183 men. It had 191 admissions (1043.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death among the invalids (5.49 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 5 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 8.34 (45.82/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.63 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.94 days.

1876 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 206 men. It had 164 admissions (791.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths including 1 among the invalids (9.71 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 5 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 7.50 (36.84/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.44 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.88 days.

1877 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 188 men. It had 131 admissions (696.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (15.96/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 4.89 (26.01/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.49 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 13.62 days.

1878 Royal Engineers

The Madras and Bombay European Sappers and Miners arrived from India. They left Malta for Cyprus on 20 July as part of the Malta Expeditionary Force under the command of Sir Garnet Wolseley.

12th Company Royal Engineers arrived from Bermuda.

20th Company Royal Engineers embarked for England.

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 203 men. It had 142 admissions (699.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (24.63 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.09 (30.0/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.95 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.65 days.

1879 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 193 men. It had 163 admissions (844.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.18/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 7.73 (40.05/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.62 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.31 days.

The RE operated the Brennan Torpedo System, a wire guided torpedo controlled from the shore for the defence of narrow harbour entrances. The system was installed at Forts Tigné and Ricasoli in 1889 to defend Marsamxetto Harbour and the Grand Harbour. It closed in 1907 and its functions was transferred to the Royal Navy.

1880 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 225 men. It had 218 admissions (968.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (22.22 deaths/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.01 (48.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.91 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.48 days.

In the 1870's, the RE took responsibility for the defence of the harbours by controlled mines. This was known as the Submarine Mining Service which remained with the RE until it was transferred to the Royal Navy in 1885.

1881 Royal Engineers

In 1881, the Royal Engineers in Malta consisted of two companies. One company of RE served from 1 January to 23 March; one company from 1 January to 27 April.

The RE (17 and 33 Coys) had an average strength of 187 men. It had 111 admissions (593.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (26.74 deaths/1000 mean strength).
6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.15 (43.58/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.90 days.

1882 Royal Engineers

The RE had an average strength of 113 men. It had 48 admissions (424.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 3.0 (26.54/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.69 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.81 days.

1883 Royal Engineers

The RE had an average strength of 76 men. It had 31 admissions (407.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital (15.06 deaths/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 1.68 (22.10/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 8.06 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.68 days.

1884 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 120 men. It had 101 admissions (841.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (33.33 deaths/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.35 (52.91/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.36 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.01 days.

During the year the Malta Command had 1 Company of Royal Engineers:

1885 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 147 men. It had 104 admissions (707.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (40.81 deaths/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.16 (41.90/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.29 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.61 days.

A soldier fell from a terrace in the lower court yard of the Valletta Station Hospital and fractured his skull.

There were 2 companies of the Royal Engineers in the Command.

1886 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had been stationed in Valletta for 12 months. It had an average strength of 132 men. It had 88 admissions (666.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.57/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.72 (43.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.81 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.72 days.

The Royal Engineers had two companies throughout the year.

1887 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 130 men. It had 73 admissions (561.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.69/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.45 (34.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.49 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.25 days.

2 companies of the Royal Engineers served in the Command throughout the year.

1888 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 138 men. It had 74 admissions (536.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (21.74/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.48 (25.22/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.22 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.21 days.

The Royal Engineers had 2 companies in the Command.

1889 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 137 men. It had 78 admissions (569.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.30/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.80 (35.04/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.78 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.46 days.

Two companies of the Royal Engineers served in the Command throughout the year.

1890 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 150 men. It had 72 admissions (480/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.94 (32.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.02 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.04 days. The RE was in Cottonera for 12 months with detachments in various out stations.

1891 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 165 men. It had 103 admissions (660.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (6.06/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 6.32 (38.30/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.98 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.15 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

The following was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

1892 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 239 men. It had 128 admissions (535.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (8.37/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 8.42 (35.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.89 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.08 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

The Maltese Militia Division Submarine Miners Royal Engineers 1892

The Maltese Militia Division Submarine Miners Royal Engineers was raised at the beginning of 1892 from the boating classes in Malta for service as submarine miners under the Royal Engineers. The force consisted of 1 Lieutenant, 1 Company Sergeant Major, 3 Sergeants, and 1 engineer clerk. Enlistment was for 5 years. The training consisted of the division being called up for a period of 120 days during the submarine mining annual training of the Royal Engineers. The men were issued with their Lee-Metford Rifle and sword bayonet.

1893 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 295 men. It had 83 admissions (281.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.39/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.64 (19.12/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 6.98 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.80 days. The RE was in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

On 19 July 1893 a Court of Enquiry was convened into the accidental deaths by drowning of Lt Bourne and Lt Fallon RE on 18 June 1893.

1894 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 274 men. It had 92 admissions (335.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (18.24/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.16 (15.18/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 5.54 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.50 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months. There were five companies.

1895 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 262 men. It had 71 admissions (271/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.23 (19.96/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 7.29 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.89 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks Floriana for 12 months.

There were three companies of the Royal Engineers:

1896 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 260 men. It had 55 admissions (211.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.84/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.06 (11.77/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 4.31 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.36 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks, Floriana for 12 months. There were three companies:

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1896:

1897 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 312 men. It had 79 admissions (253.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 4.16 (13.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 4.87 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.22 days.

The Royal Engineers was quartered in St Francis Barracks, Floriana for 12 months.

In Apr 1897, a detachment of the RE served in Crete as part of the Cretan International Force.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1897:

1898 Royal Engineers

The Royal Engineers had an average strength of 285 men. It had 136 admissions (477.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (14.03/1000 mean strength). 8 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.81 (20.39/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 7.44 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.59 days.

The RE was quartered at St Francis Barracks Floriana with a detachment at Crete. There were three companies of RE serving in the command throughout the year.

The following were baptised in 1898:

1899 Royal Engineers

Strength (June 1899) 324 men (3 Coys). An outbreak of enteric fever broke out at St Francis Barracks during the latter part of the year.

The following was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1899:

1900 Royal Engineers

The following was baptised in 1900:

The following was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1900:

1901 Royal Engineers

1902 Royal Engineers

8 Dec 1902 Burial of Emily Cockram aged 32 yrs, wife of Sgt RE at Gozo Cemetery.

1903 Royal Engineers

Head Quarters RE was at the Auberge d'Italie. Officers Mess was at the Auberge de Castille.

The Royal Engineers (Militia) Submarine Miners was composed of one division of 60 NCO's and men. In addition there was a permanent staff of one lieutenant and two sergeants Royal Engineers.

15 Apr 1903 Burial of John Ernest Sleightholm aged 1 day, son of SSgt Sleightholm foreman of works RE at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 1, Row 1, Grave 6).

1904 Royal Engineers

Engineer Companies in Malta were:

1905 Royal Engineers

Location: St Francis Barracks Floriana. This consisted of a small range of barracks partly on one, partly in two stories which was occupied by a company of the Royal Engineers. The rooms on the ground floor accommodated 45 men in each.

1906 Royal Engineers

11 Nov 1906 Edward Rowe aged 12 hours son of SSgt RE Office was buried in Rinella Military Cemetery.

1907 Royal Engineers

1908 Royal Engineers

1909 Royal Engineers

1910 Royal Engineers

1911 Royal Engineers

1912 Royal Engineers

1913 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Zejtun Gate Church Room in 1913:

1914 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Zejtun Gate Church Room in 1914:

29 July 1914 A Field Coy RE was ordered to mobilize. On 31 July, it moved to Bir-id-Deheb where it set up camp. The engineers set up wire entanglements at Sliema Point Battery and Tigné Battery. They prepared sangars and constructed sun shelters and wooden platforms for sentries.

2 Aug Funeral of Sgt Hampson.
A Field Coy RE bivouacked at Fort Benghajsa.

23 Dec 1914 1st/3rd Lancashire Works Coy RE disembarked at Malta.

1915 Royal Engineers

25 Apr 1915 Major Campbell RE left for Alexandria.

27 Apr 3 officers and 93 men of 1st/3rd Lancashire Works Coy RE left for the east in the store ship Immingham.

1916 Royal Engineers

1917 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1917:

1918 Royal Engineers

1919 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1919:

1920 Royal Engineers

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1920:

1921 Royal Engineers

The following was baptised at St Oswald's Church Mtarfa in 1921:

The following were baptised at the Barracca Church Valletta in 1921:

1922 Royal Engineers

1923 Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division

1924 Royal Engineers (Militia) Malta Division

1925 Royal Engineers

1926 Royal Engineers

1927 Royal Engineers

1928 Royal Engineers

1929 Royal Engineers

Sheila Mary Hulme born on 15 July 1929, daughter of Spr Thomas Edward Hulme and Elsie May of Fort Ricasoli was baptised at St Matthew's Church Fort Ricasoli on 18 August 1929.

1930 Royal Engineers

1931 Royal Engineers

1932 Royal Engineers

1933 Royal Engineers

1934 Royal Engineers

1935 Royal Engineers

1936 Royal Engineers

1937 Royal Engineers

1938 Royal Engineers

1939 Royal Engineers

1940 Royal Engineers

The Colonial Troops were a peace time unit in Malta responsible for maintaining the AA Search Light. In November 1940, they became part of 4 Search Light Regt RA/RMA.

27 Oct 1940 Anthony Richard Fowler son of Minnie Ada Elizabeth Fowler and Maj Edward Fowler RE of No 3 Officers Quarters Hospital Imtarfa, was baptised at St Oswald's Church Mtarfa.

1941 Royal Engineers

1942 Royal Engineers

In June 1942, RE personnel from No 173 Tunnelling Company dug the shelters for No 45 General Hospital St Patrick's Barracks.

1943 Royal Engineers

Total Strength (30 June 1943): 50 officers and 876 men.

1944 Royal Engineers

Total Strength (30 June 1944): 34 officers and 429 men.

1945 Royal Engineers

Total Strength (31 Mar 1945): 24 officers and 156 men.

1946 Royal Engineers

1947 Royal Engineers

1948 Royal Engineers

1949 Royal Engineers

Total Strength: 18 Officers and 92 men.

1950 Royal Engineers

1951 Royal Engineers

1952 Royal Engineers

1953 Royal Engineers

1954 Royal Engineers

1955 Royal Engineers

1956 Royal Engineers

1957 Royal Engineers

1958 Royal Engineers

1959 Royal Engineers

1960 Royal Engineers

1961 Royal Engineers

1962 Royal Engineers

1963 Royal Engineers

The Malta Fortress Company was officially formed by Captain M D P Young RE at the end of the war, comprising mainly of Maltese sappers.

In 1964, was formed the Malta Park Squadron, later retitled 72 (Malta) Support Squadron RE. With the disbandment of HQ RE, Fortress Squadron and 72 (Malta) Support Squadron RE on 30th September 1970, the soldiers of RE Malta, ceased to serve with the Royal Engineers and joined the Malta Land Force.

Bibliography