RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The Royal Artillery

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The Royal Artillery

Introduction

The Royal Artillery was formed in 1716, when King George I issued a Royal Warrant to set up two permanent field artillery companies of 100 men each. These came under the old Board of Ordnance whose arms included three old cannon.

In 1899, the Royal Artillery consisted of: the Royal Field Artillery (RFA), the Royal Horse Artillery (RHA) and the Royal Garrison Artillery (RGA). The RGA manned the coastal guns and colonial forts. In 1924, the RFA and the RGA merged to form the Royal Artillery.

In 1938, the Brigades of the Royal Artillery were renamed regiments.

The Royal Artillery shares the mottoes Ubique (Everywhere) and Quo Fas et Gloria Ducunt (Whither Right and Glory Lead) with the Royal Engineers. They wear a grenade with seven flames as opposed to nine flames for the Royal Engineers.

Both mottoes were granted to the Royal Artillery by London Gazette notice of 10 July 1832. The badge was adopted the following year.

The Royal Artillery

1798

20 Dec 1798 The three bomb vessels Strombolo, Perseus and Bulldog armed with their 10 inch and 13 inch mortars arrived off Malta.

Naval Surgeon Thomas Roblyn MD was surgeon of the Bulldog sloop of war on the coast of Egypt and at the blockade and surrender of Malta in 1799.1

29 Dec HMS Bomb Vessel Strombolo disembarked Lieutenant John Vivion, Gunners William Crawford, John Mullholland, and William Willey at Marsaxlokk harbour to man the 10 inch and 13 inch mortars, and the 68–pounder carronade.

1799

11 Jan 1799 HMS Bomb Vessel Perseus landed a detachment of 8 Gnrs, and 1 Cpl at Marsaxlokk Harbour under Lt S. C. Cashell. However, the detachment re-embarked on HMS Alexander on 13 January and rejoined HMS Perseus on 19 January.

29 Jan HMS Bomb Vessel Strombolo returned from her visit to Syracuse. It landed 5 Gnrs at St Paul's Bay bringing the RA in Malta to 1 officer (Vivion James) and 8 men. A gunner died on 24 January 1799. By the end of March 1799, Ball reported to Nelson that of the 11 gunners landed at Malta, two had died and 3 were dangerously ill.

14 Sep William Donaldson was admitted to the British Naval Hospital at Malta from the Stombolo or her tender. On 15 September, Thomas Donnerhugh and in October Dennis Leonard, Brumner Rob, and Rob Thomas were all admitted to hospital. On 31 October, was admitted Richard Gibson; on 2 November Daniel Curry. All were discharged from hospital back to the Stombolo on 15 November 1799.

26 Dec 1799 A detachment of 16 Gnrs, 1 Bdr and 1 Cpl from HMS Bomb Vessels Perseus and Bulldog disembarked at Malta under Lt Samuel Reynell, but these lacked essential winter clothing. This detachment brought the strength of the artillery in Malta to: 2 Officers, 2 Cpls, 1 Bdr, and 23 Gnrs. In addition 3 women: Mrs Walker, Johnston, and McLaughlin accompanied the gunners.

1800 Royal Artillery

3 May 1800 The following detachments arrived from Gibraltar and landed at Marsaxlokk Harbour:

4 July The following detachments arrived at Malta from Minorca on HMS Stately.

17 July 1800 From December 1799, Lt John Vivion acted as the Quarter Master General on the staff of Brig-Gen Thomas Graham. In July 1800, Vivion wrote to Michele Cachia, who commanded the insurgents at Zejtun, requesting him to provide a house at Zejtun to serve as a regimental hospital for the British Artillery, whose sick were increasing daily.

1801 Royal Artillery

1 Jan 1801 Strength: 304 men (29 sick). The strength of a company of artillery was 142 all ranks. consisting of 5 officers, 1 Quartermaster Sergeant (QMS), 4 Sgts, 4 Cpls, 9 Bdrs, 116 Gnrs, 3 Drms.

Location: HQ at Fort St Elmo.

Oct 1801 557 men (36 Sick) arrived from Egypt.

1802 Royal Artillery

21 July 1802 96 men, 8 women and 8 children embarked on the men-of-war Northumberland. They were withdrawn from Malta in compliance with the provision of the Treaty of Amiens.

15 Aug General W. A. Villettes, commanding the Malta garrison, proposed to send the remaining company of artillery to England in the frigate Hind. The company was composed entirely of men engaged for a limited period of service and whose service expired in October 1802. By the end of August 1802 the detachment of the artillery in Malta was reduced to one company only.2

1803 Royal Artillery

24 May 1803 Strength: 246 men.

27 Aug Major F M Sproule received his first payment of £845 11s 6d in prize money from the the proceeds of the property captured on the island of Malta on 4 September 1800.

27 Aug Lt Samuel Reynell received his first payment of £43 4s 6d in prize money from the the proceeds of the property captured on the island of Malta on 4 September 1800. The following Lt of the British royal Artillery also received £43 4s 6d in prize money Alexander Dickson (31 Aug 1803), Thomas Gamble (18 Oct 1803), David Story (12 Jan 1804), Thomas Hughes (9 Mar 1804).

22 Sep 1803 Lt Col James Boag received his first payment of £845 11s 6d in prize money from the the proceeds of the property captured on the island of Malta on 4 September 1800.

1804 Royal Artillery

Up to 1804, medical officers held warrants only from the Master-General of the Ordnance; after 1804, they held commissions from the Crown.

1 Dec 1804 Location: Fort St Elmo. Strength: 460 men.

26 Jan 1804 Captain Thomas Charlton received his first payment of £90 7s 6d in prize money from the the proceeds of the property captured on the island of Malta on 4 September 1800.

1805 Royal Artillery

14 Aug 1805 Strength: 240 men, 0 Sick.

14 Aug Location: HQ Fort St Elmo.

3 Nov 1805 Detachments joined Lt Gen Sir James Craig's Expedition for Naples.

1806 Royal Artillery

18 July 1806 Explosion of a gun powder magazine at Vittoriosa. On 16 July Lt Col Bentham commanding the Royal Artillery in Malta, ordered Capt Gamble, officer in charge of the artillery in the Cottonera District, through Mr Rutter, the Ordnance Commissary, to unload shells from the magazine in Vittoriosa, in order that they might be sent to Sicily. Capt Gamble passed the order to Bdr Anderson, Garrison Gunner. Sgt Robert Anson the laboratory Sgt had been ordered to show Bdr Anderson how to draw the powder from live shells. Anderson was told to carry the shells as far as possible from the magazine previous to unloading them. The cause of the explosion was disobedience of orders by Bdr Anderson, but Capt Gamble was relieved of his command for failing to provide adequate supervision by a more senior officer.

On the evening of 16 July, Gnr Robert Cresey was one of the working party in the magazine of Vittoriosa, where he assisted in the unloading of several shells. At the Court of Enquiry held in Valletta on 21 July 1806, he stated that the boxes containing the shells were opened with an iron chisel. That seeing much danger in carrying on such work in the magazine he remonstrated with Bdr Anderson who desired him to mind his own business. The magazine blew up on the 18th July killing the working party consisting of an NCO and 12 gunners.

The Artillery Coys in Malta were:

1807 Royal Artillery

1808 Royal Artillery

The Ordnance Medical Department was a separate establishment from the Army Medical Department.

Gnr William Kilpatrick, RA died 2 Nov 1808 aged 27 years. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

1809 Royal Artillery

William Brown, son of George and Gwen Brown Royal Artillery died 16 Oct 1809, aged 5 years and 7 months. Also Sibellah Brown, daughter of George and Gwen Brown Royal Artillery born on 12 March, died 16 April 1809. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

1810 Royal Artillery

Strength: 248 men.

1811 Royal Artillery

1812 Royal Artillery

Strength: 392 men.

1813 Royal Artillery

Strength: 387 men.

Location: Fort St Elmo : 1 Capt, 1 Surgeon, 5 Subalterns, 22 NCO, 231 Gnrs, and 4 Drms.

1814 Royal Artillery

In 1814, a separate medical department for the Ordnance appears in the Army List. By a Royal Warrant dated 14 February 1814, this department became known as the Medical Establishment for the Military and Civil Departments of the Ordnance.

Strength: 377 men.

1815 Royal Artillery

Strength: 394 men, located at Fort St Elmo Valletta.

1816 Royal Artillery

20 Mar 1816 100 men embarked for the Ionian Islands.

6 Aug A detachment including an assistant surgeon arrived from the Ionian Islands.

1817 Royal Artillery

Strength: 205 men.

1818 Royal Artillery

Strength: 184 men. Location: Fort St Elmo Valletta.

1819 Royal Artillery

18 Jan 1819 The detachment left Malta.

Strength: 181 men.

The half yearly return, (21 June to 20 December 1819), recorded a total of 10 officers, 37 women, and 87 children on the strength of the Royal Artillery in Malta. The average number of men during this period was 186. There was a total of 75 admissions with 3 deaths, and an average of 8 sick soldiers a day. Two of the deaths were from pneumonia and phthisis pulmonalis. There were 9 admissions for febris continua communis during the period, but no deaths.

A gunner who had been discharged from hospital as having recovered from mania, threw himself over the line wall under Fort Elmo, a height of 40 to 50 feet. The men who was either drunk or insane, escaped death, but fractured his right leg.

Alexander McHaughton killed himself by jumping over the parapet at St Elmo.

1820 Royal Artillery

The following were baptised in 1820:

1821 Royal Artillery

The following were married in 1821:

The following were baptised in 1821:

1822 Royal Artillery

18 Feb 1822 120 Men, 21 Women, and 59 Children arrived at Malta. Detachment at Corfu.

The following were married in 1822:

The following were baptised in 1822:

1823 Royal Artillery

Strength: 125 men. Detachment at Corfu.

The following were married in 1823:

The following were baptised in 1823:

The following were buried in 1823:

On 9 August and 10 August 1823, Captain Thomas Atchison 2nd Captain Royal Regiment of Artillery and Lieutenant George Francis Dawson RA commanding the detachment at Fort St Angelo, disobeyed orders in refusing to fire petard salutes from Fort St Angelo and tolling the bell from St Michael's Tower on the eve and anniversary of the feast of St Lorenzo, the tutelar saint of Vittoriosa. Both were tried by General Court Martial held at Valletta on 24 March 1824. It had been the accepted custom for salutes to be fired by the Royal Artillery on certain festivals celebrated by the Maltese under orders issued by the General Commanding to whom application was made by the Civil Government. Captain Atchison and Lieutenant Dawson considered the order an idolatrous act of worship contrary to their Protestant faith and refused to execute it.

1824 Royal Artillery

Strength: 119 men.

The following married in 1824:

The following were baptised in 1824:

14 May 1824 Burial of Gnr George Neil of Maj Addam's Coy 4th Battalion RA, aged 33 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

24 Mar Trial by General Court Martial at Valletta of Captain Thomas Atchison and Lieutenant George Francis Dawson for disobeyed orders in refusing on 9 and 10 August 1823 to fire petard salutes in honour of the feast of St Lorenzo, patron saint of Vittoriosa.

1825 Royal Artillery

Jan 1825 In 1825, the companies of artillery ceased to be called by the name of their commander followed by the battalion number.

18 July 1825 Captain Thomas Atchison and Lieutenant George Francis Dawson RA were dismissed from His Majesty's Service by Order of a Court Martial held in March 1824, for disobedience of orders, insubordination and unofficer like conduct in not carrying into execution the orders that were conveyed to them by letter from Acting Adjutant Somerville RA on the 9 August 1823, desiring that they would give directions for firing salutes at Fort St Angelo on the 9th and 10th August 1823 and for writing a letter dated the 9th August addressed to Major Addams, their commanding officer hesitating and remonstrating against carrying the said order into effect.

The following were married in 1825:

The following were baptised in 1825:

The following were buried in Malta in 1825:

1826 Royal Artillery

The following were married in 1826:

The following were baptised in 1826:

Sep 1826 Burial of Solomon Wilding of Maj Mitchell's Coy RA, aged 44 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1827 Royal Artillery

In 1827, the establishment of the hospital of the Ordnance in Valletta consisted of a steward at 9 pence a day, and an orderly on 6 pence a day, who also acted as a cook. The duties of the steward were to buy the provisions and issue them to the patients according to the daily diet table, to take charge of the stores, to attend to the comforts of the patients and to ensure that the orders of the surgeon were carried out. The duties of the orderly were to attend the sick, keep the ward clean, and cook the victuals. Some of the convalescents were appointed by the surgeon to assist the orderly in attending the sick, whenever there was a large number of patients.

There were five types of diets: Full, Half, Low, Fever or Spoon, and Milk. A scale of the diets was hung on each ward, as also was the diet table, daily filled in by the surgeon, so that each patient could see which class of diet had been ordered for him, and the quantity of each article composing it. From these daily diet tables the surgeon prepared his monthly statement of the expenditure of the hospital, according to an established form, in which he entered fully the quantity of each article and its price. He also included in this form the wages of the servants, the cost of the laundry, and contingent expenses with an abstract of the cash received and expanded. This statement was examined and compared with the receipts and vouchers by a Board consisting of a captain and two subalterns and transmitted to the Director General at Woolwich every three months.

The washing was charged at 1d a day per patient. This included the bedding of every description, round towels and all item of clothing. To meet the expenses of the hospital, patients were charged a stoppage of just under 9d a day, which the surgeon received and accounted for in his monthly abstract. The surgeon returned any surplus cash to the store keeper.

The following were married in 1827:

The following were baptised in 1827:

The following were buried in 1827:

1828 Royal Artillery

The following were baptised in 1828:

1829 Royal Artillery

25 Dec 1829 Lt Col Gamble was appointed Principal Commandant of the Ordnance Department at Malta, vice the Hon. Col Gardener.

The following were baptised in 1829:

1830 Royal Artillery

The following were baptised in 1830:

The following were buried in 1830:

1831 Royal Artillery

The following were married in 1831:

The following were baptised in 1831:

The following were buried in 1831:

1832 Royal Artillery

The following were married in 1832:

The following were baptised in 1832:

The following were buried in 1832:

1833 Royal Artillery

Strength: 8 Officers, 154 men, 36 females and 96 children.

During 1833 the regimental hospital of the Royal Artillery treated 182 patients and recorded the following diseases:

There were 24 cases of Common Continued Fever during the year with no deaths.

Assistant Inspector of Hospitals John Davy described what was meant by the term Acute Rheumatism. The cases of acute rheumatism were such as commonly occur in Malta, and chiefly in the winter season, marked generally by pain and difficulty of motion, and some derangement of general health, and very rarely indeed attended either by redness or swelling of the affected part or by a pyrexial state. The texture affected appears to be more commonly the muscular fibre. The disease yields readily to treatment but is apt to recur.2

Acute catarrh was endemic, affecting equally the native population and the troops. It first appeared in the 42nd in the early winter of 1832 when the regiment was stationed at Floriana Barracks, and then spread to the 7th soon after the regiment relieved the 42nd at Floriana in the beginning of 1833. Acute catarrh next appeared in the 73rd and 94th stationed at Lower St Elmo Valletta when it prevailed in the barracks of the 42nd among the men; the officers of the corps almost entirely escaped it. Cases entered under the heading of pneumonia were actually just acute catarrh. Three deaths returned as chronic catarrh were due to phthisis pulmonalis. In many instances catarrh was accompanied by a cutaneous eruption similar to urticaria. The PMO remarked that acute catarrh was the same disease as the influenza which prevailed in Malta and in almost every part of Europe during the year.

An officer of the Royal Artillery died from phthisis pulmonalis during the year. He had had the disease for many years. Both lungs and a great portion of his epiglottis were found to be severely diseased on post mortem.

The following were baptised in 1833:

The following were buried in 1833:

1834 Royal Artillery

The following married in 1834:

The following were baptised in 1834:

The following were buried in 1834:

1835 Royal Artillery

The average strength of the Royal Artillery was 159 men.
On 14 December 1835, a draft of 77 Gnrs arrived from Woolwich on the transport Sovereign.

During 1835 the regimental hospital recorded the following diseases:

The following married in 1835:

The following were baptised in 1835:

The following were buried in 1835:

1836 Royal Artillery

21 Jan 1836 The Sovereign returned to England with 69 Gnrs.

Strength: 8 Officers, 154 men.

24 Aug 1836 Widower Sgt Thomas Bremner married Eliza Shine, widow of Sgt William James Shine RA.

The following were baptised in 1836:

The following were buried in 1836:

1837 Royal Artillery

17 June–18 July 1837 Cholera infected 27 and killed 13 (7 males, 5 females, 1 child).

The following were married in 1837:

The following were baptised in 1837:

The following were buried in 1837:

1838 Royal Artillery

Strength: 38 men.

The following were married in 1838:

The following were baptised in 1838:

1839 Royal Artillery

The following were married in 1839:

The following were baptised in 1839:

1840 Royal Artillery

The following married in 1840:

The following were baptised in 1840:

The following died in 1840:

1841 Royal Artillery

9 Feb 1841 109 Gnrs arrived from England.

The following married in 1841:

The following were baptised in 1841:

The following were buried in 1841:

1842 Royal Artillery

The following were baptised in 1842:

The following died in 1842:

1843 Royal Artillery

Location:

28 Aug 1843 Bachelor Bdr Robert Blackie married Catherine Carbonaro, spinster of the Parish of St Domenico (Dominic) in the city of Valletta, Malta.

The following was baptised in 1843:

1844 Royal Artillery

9 Mar 1844 Bachelor Cpl Alexander Marshall 4th Bn RA married Frances Helen Graham, spinster daughter of Steward William Graham of the Royal Ordnance Hospital at Malta.

3 Mar Baptism of Emma Heaton born on 12 February 1844, daughter of Gnr Thomas Heaton and Mary.

1845 Royal Artillery

13 Feb 1845 Bachelor Cpl James Alexander Kirkby of Canterbury, Kent married Sarah Ann Shand, a minor daughter of Barrack Sgt James Shand with the consent of her father.

1846 Royal Artillery

1847 Royal Artillery

11 Feb 1847 105 men, 8 women, and 12 children arrived from England on the transport Athol.
17 Mar 1847 70 men, 12 women, and 21 children arrived from England on the transport Athol.

The following died in Malta in 1847:

The following was married at St Paul's Collegiate Church Valletta in 1847:

1848 Royal Artillery

Strength: 110 men, 5 Officers, 12 NCO, 84 Gnrs, and 2 Drms.
Several soldiers died of cholera at Fort St Elmo.

4 July 1848 A third company (No 7 Coy 3 Bn RA) consisting of 99 men, 9 women and 11 children arrived from England on the Katherine Stewart Forbes. It joined the other two artillery companies in Malta.
No 7 Coy 3 Bn RA left in October 1848. It was relieved by No 8 Coy 12 Bn RA which arrived from Woolwich on 15 September 1848.

Gnr–Dvr Abraham Middleton of Captain T A Shone's Coy 8th Bn RA died 6 Oct 1848, aged 33 years. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

Bdr Benjamin Parker of Captain A Tylee's Coy 3rd Bn RA died 11 Oct 1848, aged 34 years 8 months. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

Gnr–Dvr Robert Yrneal of Captain A Tylee's Coy 3rd Bn RA died in 1848. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

4 Dec 1848 Bachelor Bdr Samuel Gerrette married Mary Deverens, spinster.

1849 Royal Artillery

6 Jan 1849 Death of Walter Simpson of Captain A Tylee's Coy 3rd Bn RA died. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

23 May 1849 Death of Gnr Frederick Parker RA, aged 22 years. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

1850 Royal Artillery

5 Dec 1850 Strength: 107 men, 8 women and 7 children arrived from England.

7 Dec 80 men, 21 women and 52 children left for England.

1851 Royal Artillery

29 Aug 1851 Birth of a son to Capt Henry Paget Christie RA.

Strength: 159 men. HQ Valletta.

1852 Royal Artillery

Strength: 152 men. In 1852, 10 Gnrs were added to the establishment of each company bringing the total number of gunners to 94.

The following were married in 1852:

1853 Royal Artillery

By Royal Warrant dated 14 February 1853, the Army Medical Department and the Ordnance Medical Department came under the superintendence of the Director General of the Army Medical Department, who at the time was Inspector-General Andrew Smith. By 26 December 1853, medical officers became interchangeable as regards appointments in the Infantry of the Line or Artillery.

Strength: 159 men. In 1853, 2 NCOs and another 13 Gnrs were added to the establishment of each company bringing the total number of gunners to 107.

The following were buried in 1853:

The following were married in 1853:

1854 Royal Artillery

Strength: 166 men fit for duty. Located Upper St Elmo Valletta.

18 Aug 1854 211 men arrived from Woolwich under Staff Assistant Surgeon William Haughton. The men were placed in quarantine due to the presence of cholera in Gibraltar.

The following were buried in 1854:

1855 Royal Artillery

May 1855 Abolition of the Board of Ordnance was abolished. Up till then the Royal Artillery and the Royal Engineers had been under command of the Master General of the Ordnance. These two departments were now placed directly under the Commander-in-Chief. After 25 May 1855, the Ordnance Medical Department became merged in the Army Medical Department, but by an order issued in May 1856, medical officers were considered as forming part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery. In the following December, (Regimental Circular 18 December 1856), they were posted and taken on the strength of the various adjutant's detachments.

The following were buried in 1855:

1856 Royal Artillery

Strength: 583 men, located at Valletta. On 12 January 1856, the strength of each company of artillery was increased by 1 Sgt, 1 Bdr and 15 Gnrs but the infantry were still required to act as gunners in an emergency.

The following were buried in 1856:

The following were married in 1856:

1857 Royal Artillery

Strength: 575 men, located at HQ Valletta.

The following were buried at Floriana in 1857:

The following were married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1857:

1858 Royal Garrison Artillery

1 Dec 1858 Strength: 24 Officers, 32 NCOs, 8 Buglers/Drummers, 632 rank and file, 696 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4618 rank and file).

The following were buried at Floriana in 1858:

The following was married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1858:

1859 Royal Garrison Artillery

Prior to June 1859, the RA was composed of fourteen battalions and ten troops of Horse Artillery. Each of the fourteen battalions was made up of eight companies. The establishment of a company was five officers, two captains and three subalterns. The rank of major in the Royal Artillery was abolished in 1827.

On 1 April 1859, the Royal Artillery abandoned the designations of Company, Troop, and Battalion, and replaced them with Brigade and Battery. The Field and Garrison Brigades consisted of from seven to ten batteries each, the majority having eight batteries; the 4th, 8th, 9th 11th, 13th and 14th Brigades were Field Brigades. The 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 10th and 12th Brigades were Garrison Brigades. The field batteries numbered 49, and the garrison batteries numbered 65. Of the eight garrison artillery brigades, three were stationed at home while the remainder had their headquarters respectively at Gibraltar, Malta, Quebec, India, and Mauritius. Each brigade was commanded by a colonel with an adjutant as staff officer. Malta was given the 6th Garrison Bde, with 10 Btys, of which six Btys were at Malta and four Btys at Corfu.
In 1860, the Armstrong rifled barrel gun replaced the smooth bore gun.

1 Feb 1859 Strength: 24 Officers, 31 NCOs, 8 Buglers/Drummers, 614 rank and file, 677 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4771 rank and file).

1 Apr Strength: 24 Officers, 31 NCOs, 8 Buglers/Drummers, 606 rank and file, 669 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 5650 rank and file). On 25 April 1859, an extra Bty RA was placed under orders to embark for Malta, so as to increase the strength of the garrison in the Mediterranean.

1 Aug Strength: 33 Officers, 41 NCOs, 12 Buglers/Drummers, 706 rank and file, 792 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6897 rank and file).

1 Dec 1859 Strength: 23 Officers, 49 NCOs, 11 Buglers/Drummers, 697 rank and file, 780 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7044 rank and file).

In 1859, the regiment had 194 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 8.50 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1859:

1860 Royal Garrison Artillery

1 Jan 1860 Strength: 27 Officers, 46 NCOs, 13 Buglers/Drummers, 687 rank and file, 773 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7018 rank and file).

1 June Strength: 29 Officers, 42 NCOs, 12 Buglers/Drummers, 672 rank and file, 755 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6203 rank and file).

With the introduction of the brigade system medical officers were posted to brigades, and were soon associated as regimental officers with the various batteries. One Surgeon Major or surgeon and two assistant surgeons was the usual allowance to a brigade. In 1860, there were 7 Surgeon Majors, 15 surgeons and 68 assistant surgeons, making a total establishment of 90 to serve a total number of 132 batteries. Medical officers wore the uniform of the Royal Artillery with some minor differences.

In 1860, the regiment had an average strength of 747 men, 714 hospital admissions (956 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 5 deaths in hospital, 1 death out of hospital and 1 death among the invalids (9.37 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). 75 soldiers were admitted (100/1000 strength) with continued fevers with 2 deaths (2.68/1000 strength). A gunner of the Royal Artillery committed suicide by jumping over the works at Fort St Angelo.

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1860:

1861 6th (Garrison) Bde RA

Strength: 697 men. On 29 August, the 6th Bde RA returned to Portsmouth. It was relieved by the 3rd Bde RA from Plymouth and the Channel Islands. 3 Bde RA arrived on HMT Himalaya on 19 August 1861. Five Btys of 3 Bde RA were at Malta and the other three went to Corfu.

In 1861, the regiment had an average strength of 617 men, 588 hospital admissions (953 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 9 deaths in hospital and 1 death out of hospital (16.21 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

20 Dec 1861 Gnr Edwards Johan was executed by firing squad at Fort Ricasoli for attempting to murder the adjutant Capt Edward Keate, HQ Bty 3 Bde RA, by firing his carbine at him at Fort St Elmo.

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1861:

1862 3rd (Garrison) Bde RA

In 1862, the regiment had an average strength of 594 men, 402 hospital admissions (677 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 3 deaths in hospital (5.05 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1862:

1863 3rd (Garrison) Bde RA

In 1863, the regiment had an average strength of 584 men, 306 hospital admissions (524 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 1 death in hospital (1.71 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

1864 3rd (Garrison) Bde RA

Mar 1864 The Ionian Islands ceased to remain a British Protectorate.
In the end of May 1864, three batteries of the Royal Artillery joined from the Ionian Islands. No 6 Bty and No 8 Bty 3 Bde RA left Corfu on 12 May on HMS Magiciene. They took over Marsamxetto Barracks.
No 7 Bty 3 Bde RA embarked at Corfu on 1 June in HMT Himalaya and arrived at Malta on 4 June 1864.

In 1864, the regiment had an average strength of 747 men, 544 hospital admissions (728 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 7 deaths in hospital, 1 out of hospital and 1 death among the invalids (12.04 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

1865 3rd (Garrison) Bde RA

In 1865, the regiment had an average strength of 791 men, 669 hospital admissions (846 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 23 deaths in hospital and 5 out of hospital (35.40 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). Measles was very prevalent among the children of the Royal Artillery during the early months of the year.

Detachments of the Royal Artillery were at Fort Upper St Elmo (256 men), Marsamxetto Barracks (61 men), St James Cavalier (85 men) and St Salvatore Counter Guard (13 men).

Cholera broke out in Mecca in May 1865 and spread along the Mediterranean littoral. On 14 June, panic stricken Maltese who had fled Alexandria landed in the Lazaretto. The first cases of cholera in the lazaretto were received from the ship Wyvern on the 28 June, but it was not until 3 July that the disease was officially recognized as such.

The lazaretto was situated on Manoel Island in the centre of the quarantine harbour. It was nearly level with the sea and composed of a series of various shaped rooms crowded together; the passages and courts were for the most part enclosed by high walls. The foul smelling latrines discharged into the Quarantine Harbour. The lazaretto and plague hospital had been occupied as married quarters by a portion of the 2nd/8th Foot and 34 families of the Royal Artillery.

On 20 June, Assistant Surgeon William George Ross 2nd/8th Regiment attended on an eight year old girl who died within seven hours of her illness. Ross recorded her death as Asiatic Cholera. A woman residing in another cell of the plague hospital fell ill and died on the 22nd June; in the evening of the 23rd, the mother of the eight year old girl fell ill; on the 27th a man and a child of the 8th Foot; and on the 28th June another man of the Royal Artillery and a child belonging to the first woman affected also fell ill. All, except one, died from cholera.

Assistant Surgeon John Sarsfield Comyn RA recommended the removal of the families from the plague hospital to an encampment at some distance on a dry and airy ridge close to Fort Tigné. On 1 July the families of the Royal Artillery were transferred to St Salvatore Counter Guard on the other side of the Quarantine Harbour, almost directly opposite to the plague hospital.

St Salvatore Counter Guard was a small works overlooked by a high bastion, on which were constructed stores which were converted by the military as a barracks. The counter guard was close to and on a line with the Ospizio di Vecchi. Its shape was irregular, consisting of five ill ventilated dark casemated rooms formed in the bastion and shut in at each end. The drainage entered immediately below the works into Pieta Creek. Most of the 34 families of the Royal Artillery which had been removed from Manoel Island had diarrhoea. Within a few hours of leaving the plague hospital and settling down in their new quarters, six women fell ill in the casemates, with one death.

On 2 July, another women died of cholera. On 3 July, a woman who had not been at the Plague Hospital, but has nursed the cholera patients, became infected and died within five hours. As the sick could not be removed from the counter guard they were left in the casemates, while the healthy families were placed under tents about 137 meters away from the barracks. On 6 July, three children were attacked in the tents at St Salvatore with one death; on 7 July, a soldier died in the tents at St Salvatore; on 9 July, the wife of a sergeant in charge of the casemates was seized and died; on the same day, a soldier belonging to Fort Tigné, who had been on fatigue duty at the tents at St Salvatore, was attacked and died at the General Hospital. The last case in this detachment, that of a child who recovered, occurred on 11 July; cholera had attacked seventeen and killed ten.

The Royal Artillery in Fort Upper St Elmo was under the medical care of Assistant Surgeon Comyn. Early in the summer, a proportion of the men were removed to tents at night to reduce overcrowding. Cholera struck on 16 July. The next day, another soldier fell ill in the same barracks, and 5 cases appeared at Fort St Angelo, under the medical charge of Assistant Surgeon Alexander Edward Bartlet. On 16 July, an orphan from St Salvatore Counter Guard, who was being cared for by a woman of the Royal Artillery residing in St James Cavalier, fell ill with cholera and died. The child's death was followed on 26 July by that of the carer. The husband of this woman who had been tending her, in turn fell ill and succumbed to cholera on 30 July.

The Royal Artillery had a total of 38 sick and 21 deaths. The deaths occurring at the Plague Hospital (4),St Salvatore Counter Guard (5), Fort Tigné (2), Fort St Elmo (2), Marsamxetto Barracks (3), St James Cavalier (2), Fort Salvatore Cottonera (2), and Floriana (1).

Mary Ann Dameral daughter of Gnr Dameral Royal Artillery died on 9 Jan 1865. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

1866 3rd (Garrison) Bde RA

In 1866, the regiment had an average strength of 760 men. There were 561 hospital admissions (738.2 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 13 deaths in hospital and 2 out of hospital (19.74 deaths per 1000 of mean strength). It had 105 admissions (138/1000 mean strength) for continued fevers with 3 deaths (3.95 deaths/1000 mean strength).

The regimental surgeon remarked that the numerous fatal accidents and half the disease in the regiment during the year resulted directly or indirectly from intemperance.

Two batteries were in Upper St Elmo and one Battery at each of the following quarters: Forts Tigné, St Salvatore, St Angelo, Ricasoli, St James Cavalier and Marsamxetto Barracks.

Florence Matilda Harman daughter of Bdr Harman died Aug 1866, aged 3 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1867 3rd Garrison Artillery

In 1867, the regiment had an average strength of 589 men. There were 434 hospital admissions (736.8 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 9 deaths in hospital and 2 out of hospital (18.68 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

In June 1867, the 3rd Bde RA with 589 men, embarked for Canada on HMS Simoon.

Memorial erected at Quarantine Bastion Cemetery to the memory of the men, women and children of 5th Bty 3rd Bde RA who died at Malta during the tour of the regiment in Malta between 1861 and June 1867:

Mary Brooker wife of Sgt J A Brooker 10th Bde RA died 30 Aug 1867, aged 25 years. Also Thomas John Brooker her son died 8 Nov 1867, aged 6 months (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

A 7 feet high memorial was erected at Msida Bastion Cemetery to the memory of the men, women and children of the 3rd Bde Royal Artillery who died at Malta during the tour of the regiment in Malta between Aug 1861 and June 1867:

An 8 feet high memorial was erected at Msida Bastion Cemetery to the memory of the men of 6 Bty 3rd Bde Royal Artillery who died at Malta during the tour of the regiment in Malta between 1864 and June 1867:

On 28 December 1867, Nos 1, 2, 3 and 7 Btys No 10th Brigade Royal Artillery arrived in Malta from Canada. They were detained at Gibraltar for two months while Malta was declared free of cholera.

1868 10th Bde RA

Apr 1868 Gnr S. W. Wells was awarded the Royal Humane Society Bronze medal. A parchment document was also given to Gnr A. Swallow for saving two men from drowning at Malta on 28 April 1867. The men were brought to the notice of the Royal Humane Society by Col Woods 8th Regiment.

The average annual strength in 1868 was 785 men. There were 1077 admissions into hospital (1372/1000 strength); 14 died in hospital, 8 out of hospital and 3 among the invalids (31.85/1000 mean strength). Six gunners died in the explosion of an expense magazine at Fort St Angelo.

The Royal Artillery had the highest proportion of admissions for continued fevers equivalent to a third of their strength. From June to September, it had 269 admissions with 5 deaths. During these four months the men had occupied Upper St Elmo, Forts San Salvatore, St Angelo, Tigné, Ricasoli, St James Cavalier and Marsamxetto barracks.

The regimental medical officer attributed the great amount of fever at Fort St Elmo to the vicinity of the opening of extensive town sewers close to the fort. He alleged that the barracks was subject to the influence of an atmosphere loaded with sewage effluvia which was blown over according to the direction of the wind, and that this miasma caused typhoid and continued fevers. During the fever season, the men were excused lacquering shot and guns and unloading barges for store depot, to prevent their unduly exposure to the July sun. This action was said to have proved very beneficial. Concurrently, overcrowding in the barrack block was reduced by having men sleep under canvas.

1869 10th Bde RA

Barracks Occupied by 10th Bde RA in 1869
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers
Upper St Elmo 165 24 14.54
Upper St Elmo Huts 55 1 1.81
Tigné 71 9 12.67
Fort St Angelo 79 10 12.65
Fort Ricasoli 51 3 5.88
San Salvatore 70 4 5.71
St James Cavalier 98 3 3.06
Marsamxetto 71 10 14.08
Table 1: Barracks occupied by the Btys of 10th Bde RA showing the average strength, number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied. Ventilation of barrack rooms was inadequate; neither were the wooden huts suitable accommodation for single or married soldiers. They were too hot in summer and too cold and damp in winter. Tents were also used to reduce overcrowding.

The above barracks were used throughout 1869, with the exception of Marsamxetto, which was only occupied between 23 April and 7 October 1869. The wooden huts at Fort Upper St Elmo, were vacated on 23 April, and reoccupied on 7 October. Their occupants moved to Marsamxetto Barracks. In 1868, the huts in Fort St Elmo were occupied all the year, while Marsamxetto Barracks was only occupied for three hot months. To reduce overcrowding tents were supplied to Upper Fort St Elmo , Fort Tigné, Fort St Angelo, and Fort San Salvatore, for a proportion of the men to sleep under at night.

10th Bde Royal Artillery 1 January to 31 December 1869
Month Strength 1st day of month Hospital Admissions Deaths
January 741 28 0
February 736 25 0
March 735 28 0
April 735 25 0
May 735 40 1
June 734 41 1
July 701 54 0
August 701 59 0
September 699 41 0
October 698 29 2
November 681 19 1
December 680 23 0
Table 2: Regimental strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. (TNA:WO 334/62)

The average annual strength in 1869 was 715 men. There were 412 admissions into hospital; 4 died in hospital, 1 out of hospital and 1 from the invalids. The ratio per 1000 strength of those admitted was 576.2 and for deaths 8.38.

1870 10th Bde RA

The average strength of the officers during 1870 was 25.8; twenty-one officers were admitted to hospital, two died during the year. One committed suicide, and the other died suddenly of apoplexy.

From 1 January to 31 December 1870, the average strength of the women was 92; 1 woman died of Phthisis pulmonalis.

There were 215 children in the command; 17 children died, 3 from Simple Continued Fever, 2 from diphtheria, 1 from haematemesis, 3 from diarrhoea, 1 from teething, 4 from debility, and 3 from premature birth.

The average strength of NCOs and men was 719. There were 460 admissions (640 admissions/1000 mean strength) to the Brigade Hospital with 5 deaths in hospital, 1 out of hospital and 3 among the invalids (12.25 deaths/1000 mean strength). There was one suicide. Sixty-four of the admissions were the result of excessive drinking; liquor also contributed to 102 surgical cases in hospital. Gonorrhoea and syphilis accounted for only 28 admissions. Such a low number were attributed to the police regulations in force at the time, which compelled prostitutes to submit themselves to regular medical examinations and compulsory treatment.

There were no men of 10th Artillery Brigade at Marsamxetto Barracks during the first two months of the year, and only five at Fort Tigné, during the last three months of the year. The huts were only occupied during the first two months of the year when fevers were not prevalent.

Tents were provided for the men to sleep under at Upper Fort St Elmo Barracks, Marsamxetto Barracks, Fort Tigné, and Fort St Angelo. In each of the barracks, half the men slept under canvass every night, except at Lower Fort St Elmo Barracks, where more than a third of the men slept nightly in tents. All the men occupying the barracks took their turn to sleep under canvass so that they all derived the perceived benefits from the arrangement.

Barracks Occupied by 10th Bde RA in 1870
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers Remarks
Upper St Elmo 174 18 10.34 Head Quarters and three Batteries from 1 January to 4 March.
Head Quarters and two Batteries from 4 March to 31 December.
Upper St Elmo Huts 39 0 0 From 1 January to 4 March. The huts were vacated on 4 March 1870.
Fort Tigné 54 11 20.37 One Battery from 1 January to September.
Only 5 men were at the fort during October, November, and December, the fort being vacated for reconstruction.
Fort St Angelo 71 4 5.63 One Battery from 1 January to 31 December.
Fort Ricasoli 66 7 10.60 One Battery from 1 January to 31 December.
San Salvatore 73 2 2.73 One Battery from 1 January to 31 December.
St James Cavalier 116 5 4.31 One Battery from 1 January to September.
Two Batteries from October to 31 December.
Marsamxetto 69 22 31.88 One Battery from 4 March to 31 December.
Table 3: Barracks occupied by the Batteries of 10th Bde RA showing the average strength, number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied. Ventilation of barrack rooms was inadequate; neither were the wooden huts suitable accommodation for single or married soldiers. They were too hot in summer and too cold and damp in winter. Tents were also used to reduce overcrowding.
10th Bde Royal Artillery 1 January to 31 December 1870
Month Strength 1st day of month Hospital Admissions Deaths
January 675 26 0
February 715 31 0
March 716 40 0
April 715 27 0
May 700 26 0
June 692 39 2
July 748 38 0
August 741 36 2
September 740 58 1
October 739 46 0
November 723 44 1
December 721 49 0
Table 4: Regimental strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. TNA:WO 334/77

The following deaths occurred in the regiment during the year:

Smallpox was prevalent on the shores of the Mediterranean during autumn of 1870. In Oct, it struck the civilian population. Four children of the RA also became infected with a mild form of the disease.

1871 10th Bde RA

The Royal Artillery had an average strength of 862 men. There were 391 admissions into hospital (453/1000 mean strength), with 14 deaths in hospital, 1 out of hospital and 2 among the invalids (19.72/1000 mean strength). It had the highest proportion of deaths from continued fevers in the garrison with 4.64 deaths per 1000 mean strength.

The Royal Artillery was located at Upper St Elmo Valletta.

1872 10 Bde RA

In 1872, the Royal Artillery had an average strength of 998 men. It had 1046 admissions (1048/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 10 deaths (10.02/1000 mean strength). Its average strength from 30 June to 30 September was 1036 men. During this third quarter of the year when fevers were prevalent, the Royal Artillery had a total of 112 hospital admissions with 8 deaths. It had: 9 cases of enteric fever with 5 deaths, 71 of simple continued fevers with 3 deaths and 32 of febricula with no deaths.

The men were quartered at: Upper St Elmo, Lower St Elmo until April and St Clement's Bastion from April, Marsamxetto Barracks, St James Cavalier, Forts St Angelo, Ricasoli and Manoel.

In 1872 the regimental rank of major was restored to the Royal Artillery. All captains were automatically promoted to majors and all second captains were promoted to majors.

1873 12 Bde RA

The 12th Brigade of the Royal Artillery arrived from England in October 1873. It relieved 10th Bde RA (797 men) which returned to England on 14 October.

12th Bde RA had an average strength of 212 men. It had 353 admissions (1663/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (4.72/1000 mean strength).

The large number of admissions from diarrhoea in the 12th Brigade RA was attributed by the PMO to change of climate and food and to free indulgence in autumnal fruits and the still fermenting wines of the recent vintage.

In 1873, the 10th Brigade Royal Artillery had an average strength of 797 men. It had 689 admissions (864.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (3.76/1000 mean strength). There was one death from delirium tremens.

1874 12 Bde RA

12th Bde RA had an average strength of 970 men. It had 1075 admissions (1108.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 12 deaths including 2 invalids (12.37 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 41 invalids returned to England.

The Royal Artillery had 279 admissions/1000 mean strength for continued fevers with one death. The regimental surgeon incriminated employment of men on fatigues during the hot season and exposure to the sun for the admissions from simple fevers.

Three of the 5 admissions of enteric fever during the year, came from Marsamxetto, Ricasoli and St James Cavalier Barracks occupied by 12th Bde RA. The other two came from the 28th and 101st Regiments.

1875 12 Bde RA

12th Bde RA had an average strength of 995 men. It had 1042 admissions (1047.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 17 deaths including 1 invalid (17.08 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 40 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 56.14 (56.42/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.59 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.67 days.

12th Bde RA was the least healthy of the corps in the command. It had the highest daily sick rates and admissions into hospital; its invaliding rate was the highest in the garrison and the average length of time each case of sickness remained under treatment was longer in the Royal Artillery than in other corps.

The admissions for dyspepsia were numerous as were those resulting from accidents. It had three accidental deaths. One soldier was admitted with small-pox.

The camerata married quarters near the General Hospital was occupied by the families of the Royal Artillery, the regiment in Lower St Elmo Barracks and the Malta Fencibles.

1876 12 Bde RA

12th Bde RA had an average strength of 957 men. It had 782 admissions (822.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 16 deaths including 3 invalids (16.72 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 32 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 46.17 (48.24/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.61 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.55 days.

Enteric fever broke out among the Royal Artillery at St James Cavalier. During the hot summer months the men of the Royal Artillery were placed at night under tents pitched on St James Cavalier. The cause of the outbreak was traced by the medical officer to to the very large town sewer ventilators placed in its roof on account of its elevated position. During the summer months the inmates of the barracks under the cavalier slept on the terrplein and breathed the sewer atmosphere. No more cases occurred once the men were encamped on the adjoining bastion.

1877 10 Bde RA

On 1 July 1877 there was a reorganisation of the Royal Artillery. Brigade HQs overseas were broken up. Batteries were rotated instead of whole Brigades. 12th Bde was renamed 10th Bde and five new Garrison Brigades were formed.

10th Bde RA had an average strength of 959 men. It had 616 admissions (642.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 12 deaths including 4 invalids (12.5 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 20 invalids returned to England. Its average daily sick was 39.71 (41.41/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.01 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.53 days.

1878 Royal Artillery

On 28 Apr 1878, a contingent of Indian Native Troops left Bombay and Crannanore. They were commanded by Major General J Ross CB. The troops arrived at Malta, via Suez and Port Said, on 29 May, after a voyage of 30 days. They were held in readiness at Malta to intervene in the Russo-Turkish War.

Cholera broke out on the Clydesdale and Maraval. Capt W. Lane RA, officer commanding, had had no surgeon but only an apothecary. He therefore applied to the SS Malda for a medical officer. Surgeon Major Raddock, 31st Punjab Native Infantry, was attached to the Royal Artillery, and remained with them until they arrived at Port Said.

The Maraval docked at Malta with 101 men and 109 followers of the Royal Artillery. The Clydesdale arrived on 2 June and went into a seven day quarantine. The men and horses were landed and accommodated in the Lazaretto. Those at Malta were:

M Battery 1st Brigade RA (54 men) and F Battery 2nd Brigade RA (20 men) and the Madras and Bombay European Sappers and Miners arrived from India. M Bty 1st Bde RA and F Bty 2nd Bde RA had 60 admissions into hospital with 5 deaths.

M Battery 1st Brigade RA returned to India during the year. F Battery 2nd Brigade RA, the Madras and Bombay Sappers and Miners embarked for Cyprus in July.

10th Bde RA had an average strength of 981 men. It had 847 admissions (863.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.08 deaths/1000 mean strength). 45 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 51.50 (52.50/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.16 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.19 days.

1879 10 Bde RA

10th Bde RA had an average strength of 954 men. It had 858 admissions (899.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 7 deaths (7.34 deaths/1000 mean strength). 63 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 49.77 (52.17/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.04 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.1 days.

During the prevalence of fever among the civil population in the Manderaggio which was adjacent to Marsamxetto Barracks, Surgeon-General W G Watts recommended the reduction of the strength of the detachment of the Royal Artillery so as to decrease overcrowding in the barracks. During the summer, the troops discontinued wearing their valises when mounting guard; likewise the waist belt and side arms were discontinued to be worn by orderlies and NCOs when on ordinary duties.

1880 10 Bde RA

10th Bde RA had an average strength of 894 men. It had 649 admissions (725.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (5.59 deaths/1000 mean strength). 12 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 41.96 (46.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.17 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.66 days.

1881 10 Bde RA

In 1881, the Royal Artillery in Malta was composed of headquarters and 4 batteries. The RA was reorganised on 21 May 1881. Artillery Divisions and Districts were formed in stations having more than three batteries. The eight Btys in Malta were regrouped into the Eastern, Central and Western Districts.

The RA had an average strength of 1113 men. It had 718 admissions (645.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (4.49 deaths/1000 mean strength). 17 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 51.77 (46.51/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.97 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.31 days.

A gunner was killed by lightening. He was marching through the streets of Valletta during a heavy thunderstorm when he was knocked down by lightening. However, no marks were detected and he died two weeks later.

1882 10 Bde RA

The RA had an average strength of 990 men. It had 574 admissions (579.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 9 deaths including 2 among the invalids (9.09 deaths/1000 mean strength). 34 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 37.55 (37.92/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.84 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.87 days.

A gunner rolled off while asleep on a high parapet and died from multiple injuries; another accidentally drowned while bathing at Sliema.

On 24 March 1882, 3 batteries of the Royal Artillery left for Gibraltar.

Apr 1882 Reorganisation of the RA with the disbandment of the large five brigades and the formation of eleven territorial divisions. On 18 July, 3 batteries of the Royal Artillery arrived in Malta.

On 18 July, 3 batteries of the Royal Artillery arrived from Gibraltar; on 9 August a battery left for Egypt; on 28 August, one battery arrived from England.

31 Aug 1882 The following four Btys embarked to suppress the revolt in Egypt: No 4 Bty 1 Bde London Div, No 5 Bty 1 Bde London Div, No 5 Bty 1 Bde Scottish Div, No 6 Bty 1 Bde Scottish Div.

On 13 October 1882, two Btys of the London Division returned to Malta from Egypt; the other two Btys of the Scottish Div formed part of the garrison of Alexandria.

1883 Royal Artillery

The RA had an average strength of 1062 men. It had 690 admissions (649.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 16 deaths (15.06 deaths/1000 mean strength).
30 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 53.26 (50.15/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 8.30 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.17 days.

The RA had the highest death rate in the command attributable to three deaths by violence out of hospital. An artillery men who had been missing for some days was found drowned. A soldier rolled off the top of St James' Cavalier, while sleeping on the roof of his barrack room. Cpl Samuel Merrylees bled to death from a severed external iliac artery when stabbed in the groin with a sword bayonet by a gunner.

The Royal Artillery consisted of Headquarters and 8 batteries:

1884 Royal Garrison Artillery

The Royal Artillery (London Division) had an average strength of 402 men. It had 235 admissions (584.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (2.48 deaths/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 16.18 (40.24/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.73 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.19 days.

The Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 10 men. It had 11 admissions (584.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England.

The Royal Artillery (Scottish Division) had an average strength of 173 men. It had 51 admissions (294.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England.

The Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had an average strength of 346 men. It had 259 admissions (748.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (8.67 deaths/1000 mean strength). 18 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 19.21 (55.52/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.32 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.14 days.

A gunner was admitted into hospital with multiple injuries after falling down a 6 meter deep shaft at Lower St Elmo Barracks.

In 1884, the Malta Command had 7 batteries of Artillery. A battery left during the year:

1885 Royal Garrison Artillery

The Royal Artillery (London Division) had an average strength of 316 men. It had 255 admissions (806.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (12.65 deaths/1000 mean strength). 16 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 15.82 (50.06/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.27 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.64 days.

The Royal Artillery (Scottish Division) had an average strength of 77 men. It had 36 admissions (467.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (25.97 deaths/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 2.09 (27.14/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.90 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.19 days.

The Royal Artillery (North Irish Division) had an average strength of 97 men. It had 44 admissions (452.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.03 (31.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.40 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.13 days.

The Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had an average strength of 443 men. It had 263 admissions (593.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (2.25/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 12.11 (27.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.97 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.80 days.

There were 8 batteries of the Royal Artillery in the Command.

1886 1st Bde Royal Artillery

The Royal Artillery (Northern Division) arrived from England on 2 Nov 1886 and was stationed in Cottonera for 2 months. It had an average strength of 23 men. It had 22 admissions (956.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (43.48 deaths/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 1.67 (72.61/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 26.50 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.70 days.

The Royal Artillery (Western Division) arrived from England on 2 Nov 1886 and was stationed in Cottonera for 2 months. It had an average strength of 20 men. It had 13 admissions (650/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 0.63 (31.50/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.49 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.68 days.

The Royal Artillery (London Division) left for England on 16 Nov 1886. It had been stationed in Cottonera and Valletta for 11 months and 2 weeks. It had an average strength of 251 men. It had 109 admissions (434.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.74 (26.85/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.80 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.56 days.

The Royal Artillery (Cinque Ports Division) had been stationed in Cottonera for 11 months and in Valletta for 1 month. It had an average strength of 120 men. It had 79 admissions (658.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 4.41 (36.75/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.41 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.37 days.

The Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had been stationed in Valletta for 12 months. It had an average strength of 352 men. It had 237 admissions (673.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (5.68/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 15.41 (43.77/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.97 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.73 days.

The Royal Artillery (North Irish Division) had been stationed in Valletta for 12 months. It had an average strength of 132 men. It had 142 admissions (1075.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with no deaths. 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.77 (66.44/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 24.19 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.38 days.

The Royal Artillery had 5 batteries throughout the year, two from January to 16 Nov 1886 and detachments of two batteries during the last two months of the year.

1887 1st Bde Royal Artillery

No 2 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Northern Division) had an average strength of 136 men. It had 150 admissions (1102.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (29.41 deaths/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 13.42 (98.67/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 36.01 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 36.25 days. The battery was quartered at Fort St Angelo.

No 6 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Cinque Ports Division) had an average strength of 142 men. It had 77 admissions (542.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (11.11 deaths/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 3.34 (23.52/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 8.58 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.83 days. The battery was quartered at Fort Manoel.

No 1 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Egypt on 21 Feb 1887. It had an average strength of 90 men. It had 37 admissions (411.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (11.11 deaths/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.73 (41.44/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.12 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 36.79 days.

No 4 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Western Division) had an average strength of 130 men. It had 60 admissions (461.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.04 deaths/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.58 (27.53/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.05 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.77 days.

No 1 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (North Irish Division) had an average strength of 123 men. It had 94 admissions (764.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.15 (44.30/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.17 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.16 days.

No 7 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had an average strength of 117 men. It had 102 admissions (871.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (8.54 deaths/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 5.56 (47.52/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.34 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.89 days. The battery was quartered at Upper St Elmo.

No 8 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had an average strength of 117 men. It had 116 admissions (991.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.46 (46.66/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.03 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.17 days. The battery was quartered at Upper St Elmo.

No 9 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had an average strength of 116 men. It had 39 admissions (767.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.47 (47.15/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.21 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.43 days.

A corporal living in the Camerata married quarters, and an orderly looking after him, developed small-pox; both recovered.

Headquarters and 7 batteries Royal Artillery served in the Command throughout the year. A battery of the Royal Artillery arrived from Egypt in February.

1888 Royal Artillery

No 2 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Northern Division) had an average strength of 127 men. It had 98 admissions (771.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.87 deaths/1000 mean strength). 7 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.22 (56.85/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.80 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.96 days. The battery was quartered at Fort St Angelo and Fort Delimara.

No 6 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Cinque Ports Division) had an average strength of 128 men. It had 68 admissions (531.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.81 deaths/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.56 (27.81/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.18 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.16 days. The battery was quartered at Valletta.

No 1 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 141 men. It had 54 admissions (382.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.09 deaths/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.31 (23.47/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 8.59 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.43 days. The battery was quartered at Fort San Rocco and Fort Ricasoli.

No 4 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from England on 26 Jan 1888 and was quartered at Valletta. It had an average strength of 135 men. It had 123 admissions (911.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 6.13 (45.41/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.61 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.24 days.

No 4 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Western Division) had an average strength of 126 men. It had 73 admissions (579.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 5.42 (43.01/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.74 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.17 days. The battery was quartered at Cottonera.

No 4 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (Scottish Division) arrived from England on 28 Jan 1888 and was quartered at Valletta. It had an average strength of 126 men. It had 172 admissions (1365.0/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.55 (67.85/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 24.75 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.19 days. The battery was quartered at Fort St Elmo.

No 1 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (North Irish Division) had an average strength of 142 men. It had 83 admissions (584.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (21.12/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.56 (39.15/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.33 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.51 days. The battery was quartered at Fort Tigné.

No 3 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (North Irish Division) arrived from England on 26 Jan 1888 and was quartered at Valletta. It had an average strength of 145 men. It had 174 admissions (1200/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (6.89/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 6.11 (42.13/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.42 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 12.85 days. The battery was quartered at Fort St Elmo.

No 7 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had an average strength of 9 men. It had 14 admissions (1555.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital. The battery was quartered at Valletta. It left for England on 9 Feb 1888.

No 8 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had an average strength of 10 men. It had 6 admissions (600/1000 mean strength) into hospital. The battery was quartered at Valletta. It left for England on 9 Feb 1888.

No 9 Bty/1st Bde Royal Artillery (South Irish Division) had an average strength of 10 men. It had 9 admissions (900/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (100/1000 mean strength). The battery was quartered at Valletta. It left for England on 9 Feb 1888.

The Royal Artillery had the Headquarters and 8 batteries in the Command. Three batteries arrived from England during the year which replaced three batteries that had left the Command.

1889 Royal Artillery

In July 1889, the Royal Artillery was reorganised with the eleven Territorial Divisions of the Garrison Artillery being regrouped into three large Divisions: Eastern, Southern and Western. The eight Btys Royal Artillery in Malta became The Royal Garrison Artillery Southern Division with 7 Btys and 1186 men.

No 6 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 130 men. It had 98 admissions (753.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (15.38 deaths/1000 mean strength). 7 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.98 (53.69/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.60 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.00 days. The battery was quartered in Valletta for a month and in Cottonera for 11 months.

No 11 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 116 men. It had 78 admissions (672.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 4.33 (37.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.62 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.26 days. The battery was quartered in Cottonera for a month and in Valletta for 9 months. It left for India on 27 Oct 1889.

No 12 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 186 men. It had 79 admissions (424.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.38 deaths/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.29 (28.44/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.38 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.44 days. The battery was quartered in Valletta for 12 months.

No 18 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 113 men. It had 46 admissions (407.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 2.30 (20.35/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 7.43 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.25 days. The battery was quartered in Valletta for a month and in Fort Ricasoli for 9 months. It embarked for India on 27 Oct 1889.

No 21 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 76 men. It had 45 admissions (592.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.70 (48.68/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.77 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 30.01 days. The battery was quartered in Valletta for 10 months. It embarked for India on 27 Oct 1889.

No 25 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 162 men. It had 110 admissions (679.0/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (6.17 deaths/1000 mean strength). 11 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 9.24 (57.04/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.82 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 30.66 days. The battery was quartered at Fort Tigné for 11 months and one month at Upper St Elmo.

No 26 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 106 men. It had 84 admissions (792.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (9.43 deaths/1000 mean strength). 8 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.93 (74.81/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 27.31 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 34.46 days. The battery was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 12 months. It embarked for Singapore on 20 Dec 1889.

No 30 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 99 men. It had 97 admissions (979.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.58 (36.16/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.19 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 13.47 days. The battery was quartered in Cottonera for 1 month and Upper St Elmo Valletta for eleven months. It embarked for Hong Kong on 20 Dec 1889.

No 35 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 30 men. It had 21 admissions (700/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 1.32 (44.0/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.06 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.94 days. The battery was quartered in Cottonera for 2 months. It disembarked from England on 26 Oct 1889.

No 36 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 3 men. It had 54 admissions into hospital with 1 death. Its average constantly sick was 2.71. The battery was quartered in Valletta for 2 months. It disembarked from England on 27 Oct 1889.

No 37 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 3 men. It had 28 admissions into hospital with 1 death. Its average constantly sick was 1.80. The battery was quartered in Valletta for 3 weeks. It disembarked from England on 8 Dec 1889.

Eight batteries Royal Artillery served in the Command throughout the year.

1890 Royal Artillery

No 6 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 146 men. It had 102 admissions (698.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.49 (51.30/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.72 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.81 days. The battery was quartered in Fort Ricasoli Cottonera for 12 months.

13 Feb 1890 Bertram G Jarrett aged 2 days, of 6 Southern Division RA, died at St Clements and was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery.

19 Mar Jane G Jarrett aged 37 days, of 6 Southern Division RA, died at St Clements and was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery.

No 12 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 164 men. It had 113 admissions (689/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (36.58 deaths/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.94 (54.51/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.90 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.88 days. The battery was quartered in Fort Manoel.

No 14 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Hong Kong on 18 Mar 1890. It had an average strength of 126 men. It had 94 admissions (746/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.94 deaths/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.36 (58.41/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.32 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.57 days. The battery was quartered in St James Cavalier Valletta for 9 1/2 months.

No 25 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 156 men. It had 74 admissions (474.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (6.41 deaths/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.55 (35.58/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.99 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.37 days. The battery was quartered at Fort Tigné.

No 32 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Straits Settlements on 18 Mar 1890. It had an average strength of 97 men. It had 72 admissions (742.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (20.62/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 4.19 (43.20/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.77 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.24 days. The battery was quartered in Fort Ricasoli Cottonera for 9 1/2 months.

C Smith aged 27 years, of 32 Southern Division RA, died at Cottonera Hospital and was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery on 11 November 1890.

No 35 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 157 men. It had 98 admissions (624.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.85 (37.26/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.60 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.78 days. The battery was quartered in Forts St Angelo and Ricasoli Cottonera for 12 months.

No 36 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 188 men. It had 139 admissions (739.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (15.96/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 9.03 (48.03/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.53 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.71 days. The battery was quartered in Valletta for 12 months.

No 37 Bty Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 198 men. It had 153 admissions (772.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (15.15/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 10.90 (55.05/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.09 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.00 days. The battery was quartered in Upper St Elmo Valletta for 12 months.

Coast Bde Royal Artillery Strength 1 July 1890, 10 men.

District Staff Strength 1 July 1890, 5 men.

10 July Death of Mary L Britton aged 1 year 8 months at Fort Ricasoli.

1891 Royal Artillery

Another reorganisation changed the names of batteries to companies which were grouped in pairs to form double companies.

Maj-Gen A. H. King was succeeded by Maj-Gen O. H. A. Nicolls, who only held the command of the artillery in Malta for a year. He was succeeded by Maj-Gen S. J. Nicholson.

No 2 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) was formed from 2 Coy and 22 Coy. It had an average strength of 50 men. It had 46 admissions (920/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.42 (68.40/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 24.97 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.14 days. The battery arrived from England on 12 Oct 1891. It was stationed in Fort Ricasoli Cottonera for 3 months.

No 6 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) was formed from 6 Coy and 25 Coy. It had an average strength of 279 men. It had 135 admissions (483.96/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.58/1000 mean strength). 11 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.95 (42.83/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.63 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 32.31 days. The battery was quartered in Fort Ricasoli Cottonera for 8 months and Upper St Elmo for 4 months.

No 12 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) was formed from 12 Coy and 35 Coy. It had an average strength of 328 men. It had 177 admissions (539.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (15.24 deaths/1000 mean strength). 11 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 12.86 (39.21/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.31 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.52 days. The battery was quartered in Fort Tigné for 8 months and Fort Ricasoli for 4 months.

No 14 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 128 men. It had 54 admissions (421.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.81 deaths/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 4.96 (38.75/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.14 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 33.52 days. The battery was quartered in St James' Cavalier Valletta for 9 months. It embarked for England on 19 Oct 1891.

No 15 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 114 men. It had 83 admissions (728.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.65 (49.56/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.09 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.84 days. The battery was quartered at Fort Ricasoli for 9 months. It embarked for England on 19 Oct 1891.

No 27 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) was formed from 36 Coy and 37 Coy. It had an average strength of 285 men. It had 170 admissions (617.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.50/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.83 (41.51/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.15 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.59 days. The battery was quartered in Upper St Elmo for 8 months and Fort Tigné for 4 months.

No 29 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 121 men. It had 79 admissions (652.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.69 (46.28/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.89 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.87 days. The battery was quartered in Fort Tigné for 4 months. The company was formed in Malta on 1 Sept 1891.

District Staff Average strength 29 men with 2 admissions into hospital.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

1892 Royal Artillery

No 2 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 261 men. It had 226 admissions (865.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (22.99/1000 mean strength). 11 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 10.86 (64.60/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 23.64 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.30 days. The company was stationed in Fort Ricasoli Cottonera for 9 months and Fort Tigné Hutments for 3 months.

No 6 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 281 men. It had 157 admissions (558.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (7.12/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 9.43 (33.56/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.28 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.98 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli Cottonera for 3 months and Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 9 months.

No 12 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 230 men. It had 160 admissions (687/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.91 (51.77/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.95 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.24 days. The company was quartered in Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 3 months. and Fort Ricasoli for 9 months.

No 27 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 239 men. It had 123 admissions (514.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (8.37/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.31 (47.32/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.82 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 33.65 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 9 months and Fort Ricasoli for 3 months.

No 29 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 290 men. It had 113 admissions (389.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.45/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.77 (26.80/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.8 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.17 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 12 months.

District Staff had an average strength of 65 men with 6 admissions into hospital. It was quartered at St James' Cavalier for 12 months.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1892:

1893 Royal Artillery

No 2 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 304 men. It had 138 admissions (453.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (3.29/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 10.52 (34.60/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.63 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.83 days. The company was stationed in Fort Tigné Hutments for 10 months and Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for two months.

No 6 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 242 men. It had 143 admissions (590.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (12.40/1000 mean strength). 13 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 10.30 (42.56/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.53 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.29 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 10 months and Fort Tigné Hutments for 2 months.

No 12 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 251 men. It had 142 admissions (565.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (7.97/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 10.13 (40.36/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.73 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.04 days. The company was quartered in Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 10 months and Fort Tigné Hutments for 2 months.

No 27 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 240 men. It had 118 admissions (479.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (4.06/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.24 (25.37/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.26 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.30 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 12 months.

No 29 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 271 men. It had 181 admissions (667.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (14.76/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 13.99 (51.62/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.84 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.21 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné Hutments for 10 months and Fort Ricasoli for 2 months.

District Staff had an average strength of 104 men with 4 admissions into hospital. It was quartered at St James' Cavalier for 12 months.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1893:

1894 Royal Artillery

The double company system introduced in 1891 was abolished from 1 April 1894. The companies reverted to their two constituent companies. The Royal Artillery in the Command consisted of nine companies which were deployed in the following districts:

No 2 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 211 men. It had 145 admissions (687.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 10.86 (51.47/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.78 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.33 days. The company was stationed in Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 10 months and in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 2 months.

No 6 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 201 men. It had 130 admissions (646.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (9.05/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.60 (42.78/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.01 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.14 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 12 months.

No 12 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 172 men. It had 66 admissions (383.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.81/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 4.67 (27.15/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.91 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.82 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 10 months. It embarked for Hong Kong on 24 Oct 1894.

No 22 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 117 men. It had 68 admissions (581.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (8.55/1000 mean strength). 9 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 4.42 (37.78/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.70 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.72 days. The company was stationed in Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 9 months.

No 25 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 134 men. It had 56 admissions (417/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.44 (40.59/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.82 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 35.45 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 9 months.

No 27 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 80 men. It had 37 admissions (462.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (25/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 3.13 (30.12/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.28 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 30.87 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 3 months.

No 29 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 203 men. It had 139 admissions (684.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 7.63 (37.58/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.72 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.03 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 12 months.

No 30 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 9 men. It had 2 admissions (222.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. The company arrived from England on 14 Oct 1894 and was in Malta for 2 months.

No 35 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 78 men. It had 54 admissions (692.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital. The company was organised on 1 April. It was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 7 months and embarked for Hong Kong on 24 Oct 1894.

No 36 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 90 men. It had 41 admissions (414.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 7 months and Upper St Elmo for 2 months.

District Staff had an average strength of 20 men with 3 admissions into hospital. It was quartered at St James' Cavalier for 2 months. It was abolished as a separate unit on 1 Mar 1894.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1894:

1895 Royal Artillery

No 2 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 173 men. It had 113 admissions (653.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (11.56/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.29 (47.92/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.49 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.78 days. The company was stationed in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 12 months.

No 6 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 15 men. It had 8 admissions (533.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital. The average sick time to each soldier was 12.65 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.73 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 1 month. It left for Ceylon on 3 Feb 1895.

No 8 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Hong Kong on 8 Jan 1895. It had an average strength of 155 men with 142 admissions (916.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.16 (72.0/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 26.28 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.69 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 10 months and Upper St Elmo for 2 months.

No 16 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Ceylon on 4 Apr 1895. It had an average strength of 130 men with 95 admissions (730.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 1 death (7.69/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 5.31 (46.85/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.91 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.40 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 10 months.

No 22 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 182 men. It had 106 admissions (582.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.61 (47.31/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.27 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.65 days. The company was stationed in Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 7 months and Fort Ricasoli for 5 months.

No 25 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 12 men. It had 1 admission into hospital. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 2 weeks. It embarked for Singapore on 19 Jan 1895.

No 26 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Singapore on 21 Mar 1895. It had an average strength of 104 men. It had 64 admissions (586.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (9.62/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 7.21 (69.33/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 25.30 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 43.14 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 9 months.

No 29 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 169 men. It had 143 admissions (846.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (11.84/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 11.63 (68.82/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 25.12 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.68 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 7 months and at Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 5 months.

No 30 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Hong Kong on 8 Jan 1895. It had an average strength of 167 men. It had 149 admissions (892.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.99/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.80 (40.72/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.86 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.64 days. The company was quartered at Fort Ricasoli for 12 months.

No 36 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 183 men. It had 110 admissions (601.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.39 (45.85/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.73 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.84 days. The company was quartered at Upper St Elmo for 10 months and Fort Tigné and Hutments for 2 months.

In 1895, the breech loading gun was introduced in Malta.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1895:

1896 Royal Artillery

No 5 Coy Royal Artillery (Eastern Division) arrived from Gibraltar on 2 Nov 1896. It had an average strength of 26 men. It had 18 admissions (692.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (38.46/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 1.19 (45.77/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.75 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.20 days. The company was stationed in Fort St Elmo for 2 months.

No 17 Coy Royal Artillery (Eastern Division) arrived from Gibraltar on 2 Nov 1896. It had an average strength of 26 men. It had 10 admissions (384.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital. The average sick time to each soldier was 13.94 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 36.23 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 2 months.

No 2 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 144 men with 81 admissions (562.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 2 deaths (13.80/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.37 (44.24/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.19 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.78 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 10 months. It embarked for Gibraltar on 2 Nov 1896.

No 8 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 188 men with 132 admissions (702.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (15.96/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 10.25 (54.52/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.95 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.42 days. The company was quartered in Fort St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 10 months and Fort Ricasoli for 2 months.

No 16 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 179 men with 62 admissions (316.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 3.91 (21.84/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 7.99 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.08 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 12 months.

No 22 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 173 men. It had 69 admissions (398.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (11.56/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 4.83 (27.92/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.22 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.62 days. The company was stationed in Fort Ricasoli for 12 months.

No 26 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 165 men. It had 102 admissions (618.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.93 (54.12/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.81 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 32.04 days. The company was stationed in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 12 months.

No 29 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 185 men. It had 115 admissions (621.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.41/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.26 (44.65/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.34 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.20 days. The company was quartered in Upper St Elmo for 10 months and Fort Tigné and Hutments for 2 months.

No 30 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 104 men. It had 102 admissions (525.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.15/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.70 (34.54/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 12.64 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.04 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 10 months and at Upper St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 2 months.

No 36 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 139 men. It had 102 admissions (733.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (7.10/1000 mean strength). 1 invalid returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.49 (46.69/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.09 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.29 days. The company was quartered at Fort Tigné and Hutments for 10 months. It left for Gibraltar on 2 Nov 1896.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1896:

1897 Royal Artillery

No 4 Mountain Bty arrived from England on 19 Apr 1897. It had an average strength of 125 men, with 140 admissions (1120/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 2 deaths (16/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 6.17 (49.36/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.02 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.09 days. From Apr 1897, the company was stationed in Crete for 7 1/2 months. It left Crete in Nov 1897 and was then at Verdala Barracks until the end of the year.

No 5 Coy Royal Artillery (Eastern Division) had an average strength of 182 men, with 83 admissions (456/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.84 (32.09/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.71 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.68 days. The company was quartered at Fort St Elmo for 12 months.

No 17 Coy Royal Artillery (Eastern Division) had an average strength of 174 men. It had 111 admissions (637.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (11.50/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.65 (32.47/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.85 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.58 days. The company was stationed in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 12 months.

No 8 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 112 men. It had 83 admissions (741.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (8.92/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 4.97 (44.37/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.20 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.86 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 9 months. It embarked for Bermuda on 2 Oct 1897.

No 16 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 196 men. It had 100 admissions (510.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (10.20/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.65 (28.83/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.52 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.62 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 12 months.

No 17 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from England on 2 Oct 1897. It had an average strength of 24 men, with 20 admissions (833.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 1.13 (47.08/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.19 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.62 days. The company was stationed in Fort Ricasoli for 3 months.

No 19 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from England on 2 Oct 1897. It had an average strength of 33 men with 26 admissions (787.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 1.24 (37.58/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.72 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.41 days. The company was stationed in Fort Ricasoli for 3 months.

No 22 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 137 men. It had 65 admissions (474.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (14.60/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 3.03 (22.12/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 8.07 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.01 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 9 months. It embarked for Jamaica on 2 Oct 1897.

No 26 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 164 men. It had 108 admissions (658.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (24.39/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.43 (45.30/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.54 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.11 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 12 months.

No 29 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 164 men. It had 108 admissions (658.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (24.39/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.43 (45.30/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.54 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.11 days. The company was quartered at Fort Tigné and Hutments for 12 months.

No 30 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 160 men. It had 121 admissions (756.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (18.75/1000 mean strength). 5 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.36 (52.25/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.07 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.22 days. The company was quartered in Fort St Elmo and St James' Cavalier for 12 months.

In 1897 work began on the construction of Wolseley Battery between Tas Silg and Delimara. The battery was no longer required by 1906.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1897:

1898 Royal Artillery

No 4 Mountain Bty embarked for England on 3 Feb 1898. It was quartered at Pembroke Camp for one month.

No 5 Coy Royal Artillery (Eastern Division) had an average strength of 179 men. It had 134 admissions (748.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.59/1000 mean strength). 7 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.31 (40.84/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.91 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.91 days. The company was quartered at Fort St Elmo for 11 months and Fort Tigné for 1 month.

Lt G H Pickard and 55 men of 5 Coy went to Crete when trouble broke out between the Greek and Turkish communities. The men withdrew in May 1899.

No 17 Coy Royal Artillery (Eastern Division) had an average strength of 147 men. It had 117 admissions (795.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (6.80/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.54 (37.69/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.76 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.28 days. The company was stationed in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 11 months and Pembroke Camp for 1 month.

No 1 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from England on 12 May 1898. It had an average strength of 136 men with 170 admissions (1250/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 1 death (7.35/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 7.54 (55.44/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.24 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.19 days. The company was quartered in Pembroke Camp for 7 1/2 months.

No 16 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 219 men. It had 120 admissions (547.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (9.14/1000 mean strength). 2 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 5.50 (25.11/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.17 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 16.73 days. The company was quartered in Fort Ricasoli for 12 months.

No 17 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 157 men. It had 137 admissions (872.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (19.11/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.84 (56.31/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.55 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.55 days. The company was stationed in Fort Ricasoli for 1 month and Upper St Elmo for 11 months.

No 19 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 197 men. It had 172 admissions (873.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (20.30/1000 mean strength). 6 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 8.16 (41.42/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.12 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.32 days. The company was stationed in Fort Ricasoli for 12 months.

No 26 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 169 men. It had 81 admissions (743.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 6.49 (59.54/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.73 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.25 days. The company was quartered in Fort Tigné and Hutments for 8 months. It embarked for Gibraltar on 4 Sept 1898.

No 27 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Cork on 23 Sept 1898. It had an average strength of 54 men with 38 admissions (703.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 1.64 (30.37/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.09 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.75 days. The company was quartered in St Elmo for 3 months.

No 29 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) had an average strength of 119 men. It had 108 admissions (907.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 4.56 (38.32/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.99 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 15.41 days. The company was quartered at Fort Tigné and Hutments for 9 months. It embarked for India on 23 Sept 1898.

No 30 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) was quartered in St Elmo for 1 month. It embarked for England on 26 Jan 1898.

No 31 Coy Royal Artillery (Southern Division) arrived from Cork on 4 Sept 1898. It had an average strength of 85 men with 69 admissions (811.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital. Its average constantly sick was 2.01 (24.0/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 8.76 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 10.79 days. The company was quartered at Fort Tigné and Hutments for 4 months.

No 24 Coy Royal Artillery (Western Division) arrived from Mauritius on 26 Jan 1898. It had an average strength of 186 men with 201 admissions (1080.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 1 death (5.38/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 10.11 (54.35/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.84 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.36 days. The company was quartered at Fort Ricasoli for 11 months.

Staff Royal Artillery had an average strength of 22 men with 6 admissions into hospital.

Head Quarters Royal Artillery was at Auberge de Castille. The District HQs were as follows:

The following were baptised in 1898:

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1898:

1899 Royal Garrison Artillery

The Royal Field Artillery and the Royal Garrison Artillery emerged from the reorganisation of the Royal Artillery of 1 July 1899. The mountain artillery was included in the RGA.

1 July 1899 The Strength of the Royal Garrison Artillery was 1702 men (9 Coys)
The Boer War broke out in South Africa on 11 October 1899.

The following were baptised in 1899:

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1899:

1900 Royal Garrison Artillery

24 Feb Baptism of Algernon Frederick Down born on 26 October 1899, son of Sgt Charles Frederick Down RGA and Louisa, resident at Ricasoli.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1900:

1901 Royal Garrison Artillery

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1901:

1902 3rd/Royal Garrison Artillery

1 Jan 1902 Eastern, Southern and Western Divs of the RGA were abolished. All the companies were numbered from 1 upwards.

9 Apr 1902 Gnr Robert Shea, aged 38 years, from Ireland, 3rd Bn Royal Garrison Artillery murdered his wife Catherine Shea by shooting her in the head in the bedroom of their married quarter at the Camerata, Valletta. Shea was tried before the Criminal Courts of Malta on 28 November 1902. His defence lawyer raised a plea of insanity and Shea was examined at the Lunatic Asylum Attard. Shea had never shown any signs of insanity but the jury, against medical opinion, found Shea not guilty on the grounds of being insane at the time. On 21 April 1903, Shea was moved to Broadmoor Lunatic Asylum.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1902:

1903 3rd/Royal Garrison Artillery

Head Quarters RGA at Auberge de Castille.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1903:

1904 Royal Garrison Artillery

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1904:

1905 Royal Garrison Artillery

The total average strength of the eight companies of the Royal Garrison Artillery during the first nine months of 1905, including the District Staff, was 1,936. During this period there were 88 cases of Mediterranean fever, giving a ratio of 45.34 per 1000 strength.

The men of the Garrison Artillery in Malta were, as a rule older and of greater length of service than the average infantry soldier. A larger proportion had already been on foreign service. As to length of stay in the island, two of these companies (No 63 and No 99) arrived in 1902, two (No 99 and No 100) in 1903, and the other four in 1904. It was not unusual, however, for men to exchange between one company and another. The companies did not move from station to station as a body, but changed their personnel by individual reliefs.

Two companies (No 65 and No 96) were stationed at St. Elmo, three companies (No 1, No 99 and No 102) at Fort Tigné (with a detachment at St George's for a part of the time), and three companies (No 5, No 63 and No 100) at Fort Ricasoli. St James Cavalier had a detachment of 138 men of the Royal Garrison Artillery from No 65 Coy RGA.

9 Aug 1905 Burial of Robert Plummer No 65 Coy RGA aged 36 yrs at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 3, Grave 12).

2 Oct Burial of Gnr John Byron of Fort Ricasoli aged 23 yrs at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 4, Grave 1).

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1905:

1906 Royal Garrison Artillery

The following was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1906:

1907 Royal Garrison Artillery

Apr 1907 Maj Gen J. C. Dalton Inspector Royal Garrison Artillery opposed a plan to abandon the north west of Malta and allow the enemy to land unopposed and wait for him at the Victoria Lines. Consequently new infantry defensive positions were constructed on Mellieha Ridge. Another defensive line was constructed on the Wardija Ridge. This stretched from the village to the west coast.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1907:

1908 Royal Garrison Artillery

The following was buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1908:

1909 Royal Garrison Artillery

13 April 1909 Lieutenant Colonel Cecil Birt undertook an extensive study of Common Continued Fever in Malta, and concluded that the so called Maltese Fever, was none other than phlebotomus fever, a sand-fly-borne viral infection. Birt used volunteers from No 99 Coy RGA to carry out his biting experiments. He wrote: Science and humanity owe a debt of gratitude to the self sacrificing courage and zeal of the gunners of the 99th Company of the Royal Garrison Artillery. When the object of the research was explained to them, they vied with one another in offering themselves as cheerful victims for the sake of mankind. The men of this company are of splendid physique, and they rejoice in rude health, which they maintain by the enthusiastic pursuit of athletics. Those volunteers who were selected for experiment had resided less than a year in the island. They were all exceptionally healthy, strong, and muscular men. The aches and pains during the acme of phlebotomus fever make the sufferer an object of our profound pity. Those who of their own accord knowingly submit to them are martyrs indeed.1 In this way it was proved that sand-flies fed on a soldier suffering from simple continued fever, which were conveyed by the quickest route to England, were capable of setting up the disease in two Royal Army Medical Corps officers in London.

1910 Royal Garrison Artillery

1911 Royal Garrison Artillery

In 1911, Governor Sir Leslie Rundle, Colonel Commandant RA, laid down the foundation stone of Tigné Garrison Church

1912 Royal Garrison Artillery

1913 Royal Garrison Artillery

In the latter half of 1913 the RGA in Malta was grouped into three districts:

The following were baptised at St Matthews Church Ricasoli in 1913:

1914 Royal Garrison Artillery

The artillery was organised into three districts: Eastern District RA (HQ at Fort Ricasoli), Central District RA (HQ Fort St Elmo ), and Western District RA (HQ Fort Tigné) with a total strength of 1409 men.

14 Sept 1914 No 5 Coy, No 96 Coy and No 100 Coy RGA embarked for England.

The following were baptised at St Matthews Church Ricasoli in 1914:

1915 Royal Garrison Artillery

The following were baptised at St Matthews Church Ricasoli in 1915:

The following were baptised in the Zejtun Gate Church Room in 1915:

1916 Royal Garrison Artillery

Strength: 1409 men.

The following were baptised at St Matthews Church Ricasoli in 1916:

1917 Royal Garrison Artillery

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1917:

The following was baptised at St Matthews Church Ricasoli in 1917:

1918 Royal Garrison Artillery

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1918:

The following was baptised at St Matthews Church Ricasoli in 1918:

1919 Royal Garrison Artillery

The following was baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1919:

The following was baptised at St Matthews Church Ricasoli in 1919:

1920 Royal Garrison Artillery

On 29 May 1920, all RGA Coys in Malta were absorbed into A and B Coast Batteries Royal Garrison Artillery. By 1 November 1920, A and B Btys became part of I Medium Brigade.

The following were baptised in the Barracca Church Valletta in 1920:

1921 Royal Garrison Artillery

1 Jan 1921

1 June 1921

HQ and District Establishment: 15 officers, 9 R&F

A and B Coast Btys RGA, becameS and T Coast Btys RGA. They were under the command of HQ and District Establishment RGA Malta. The whole of the Royal Artillery occupied Tigné Barracks.

(1 December 1921: RGA.)

10 July 1921 Winifred Doris Durnin daughter of Dorothy Grace and Gnr James Joseph RGA of Fort Tigné, born on 17 June 1921, was baptised at St Oswald's Church Mtarfa.

1922 Royal Garrison Artillery

1923 Royal Garrison Artillery

1924 Royal Garrison Artillery / Royal Artillery

1 May 1924 The titles Royal Field Artillery and Royal Garrison Artillery ceased to exist and were replaced by that of Royal Artillery.
S Coast Bty and T Coast Bty were redesignated 12 and 23 Heavy Batteries.

1925 Royal Artillery

1926 Royal Artillery

1927 Royal Artillery

1928 Royal Artillery

1929 Royal Artillery

1930 Royal Artillery

1931 Royal Artillery

1932 Royal Artillery

1933 Royal Artillery

1934 Royal Artillery

1935 Royal Artillery

The Malta garrison was reinforced following Italy's invasion of Abyssinia.

1936 Royal Artillery

The Malta garrison was reinforced following Italy's invasion of Abyssinia.

1937 Royal Artillery

1938 Royal Artillery

A group of batteries commanded by a Lt Col was at first called a brigade division and then a brigade. On 11 May 1938, regiments replaced artillery brigades. The Roman numerals were also replaced.

1939 Royal Artillery

1 June 1939 AA Regts and Btys became Heavy Anti Aircraft (HAA), and AA Machine Gun Batteries became Light Anti Aircraft Batteries (LAA).

1940 Royal Artillery Coast Defence and Anti Aircraft

On 10 June Italy entered the war. On the following day it launched its first air raids on Malta.
In December 1940, the Heavy Defence Units were redesignated Coast Defence Units.

1941 Royal Artillery

Royal Artillery and Royal Engineers Regiments serving in Malta between 10 June 1941 and 13 May 1945.

27 June 1941 At 22:30 hrs, three battle casualties were treated at Tal Qroqq AA position. No 1503028 L/Bdr John Frederick Hopkinson 27 Bty 7 HAA Regt was found to be dead; No 1503040 L/Bdr F. Hart 27 Bty 7 HAA Regt had a fractured left femur and burns to his abdomen; No 1531679 Gnr Williams 27 Bty 7 HAA Regt had lacerations to his right hand and burns to his right leg. The two casualties were taken by ambulance to No 90 General Hospital Mtarfa.

29 Mar 1941 At 22:30 hrs, bombs were dropped in Tigné area. No 1587932 Gnr H. A. Savage 222 HAA Bty 10th HAA Regt had a slight contusion to his right foot. He was evacuated to ADS St Andrews from MAP Tigné on 30 March at 10:30 hrs. In the bombing the bus ambulance attached to MAP Tigné sustained minor damage.

1942 Royal Artillery

By 1942, the heavy anti aircraft defence had expanded to five regiments: two RMA (2nd and 11th), and three RA (4th, 7th and 10th), which made up 10th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Brigade. The RA and RMA worked together under Commander Royal Artillery.

1943 Royal Artillery

1944 Royal Artillery

In April and May 1944 the two anti-aircraft brigades were disbanded.

1945 Royal Artillery

In 1945 the artillery was reduced to four regiments and two independent batteries.

1946 Royal Artillery

Colonel Rice, War Office representative, arrived in July 1946 to make a special report on the Coast Artillery defence in Malta. He attended an inter-service meeting at which this question was discussed.

1947 Royal Artillery

1948 Royal Artillery

1949 Royal Artillery

1950 Royal Artillery

36th HAA Regt RA was the only British Regiment of the war time garrison still on the island. It was formerly 68th (North Midland) HAA Regiment, but changed its number after the war. 36th HAA Regt occupied Tigné Barracks. It recruited in the Derby area. In 1950, it consisted of young regulars and National Servicemen straight out of England.

The Lido was an unusual war memorial to the 50 officers and men of the war time regiment killed in the defence of Malta. It was a converted disused building which stood on the sea front of Fort Tigné, facing Sliema Creek. The Lido was fitted out with tables and sunshades with funds subscribed by the people of Derby, and served as a recreational area for the gunners.

1951 Royal Artillery

1952 Royal Artillery

On 14 June 1952, 36th HAA Regt carried out training in Tripolitania. It returned to Malta between 3 and 8 July.

20 Apr 1952 Linda Helen Thomlinson daughter of Beatrice and Bdr John Thomlinson RA of No 10 RAMC Block Imtarfa, born on 22 Jan 1952, was baptised at St Oswald's Church Mtarfa.

1953 Royal Artillery

1954 Royal Artillery

1955 Royal Artillery

1956 Royal Artillery

1957 Royal Artillery

1958 Royal Artillery

1959 Royal Artillery

In 1958 Heavy Anti Aircraft Regts ceased to exist and were replaced by guided missiles. All the HAA equipment was returned to stores. The HAA Regts rerolled as LAA Regts.

The departure of 37th HAA Regt RA on HMT Devonshire in September 1959 left only 166 Amphibious Observation Battery RA in Malta.

1960 Royal Artillery

1961 Royal Artillery

12 Nov 1961 Edward Morris son of Judith Ann and Capt Christopher Geoffrey Morris RA of Flat 8, 136 Tower Road Sliema, born 12 Nov 1961, was baptised at the military hospital Imtarfa. Died 12 Nov 1961.

1962 Royal Artillery

Bibliography