RAMC

Medical Officers of the Malta Garrison
1919

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Malta Garrison – 1919

Regimental Medical Officers

Events 1919

Directorates of Hygiene and Pathology

In 1919, two new Directorates, one of Hygiene and another of Pathology, were created under the Director-General, Army Medical Services, as part of the War Office re-organization of the Army Medical Department.

Each directorate had its own advisory committee. The new administrative ranks of the department were:

  • Director of Hygiene (DH) - Brigadier-General
  • Director of Pathology (DP)
  • Deputy Director of Hygiene (DDH) - Colonel
  • Deputy Director of Pathology (DDP)
  • Assistant Director of Hygiene (ADH) - Lieutenant Colonel
  • Assistant Director of Pathology (ADP)
  • Deputy Assistant Director of Hygiene (DADH) - Major
  • Deputy Assistant Director of Pathology (DADP)

7 June Riots (Sette Giugno)

A riot broke out in Valletta on Saturday 7 June during the meeting of the National Assembly, when a crowd attacked the Union Club, the Governor's Palace and the University. It lasted until Tuesday when the new Governor, General Herbert Plumer arrived to take over the administration of Malta.

Protests arose over the increasing cost of food and widespread unemployment. University students also aired their grievances in connection with their degrees. The premises of the Malta Daily Chronicle were destroyed; a flour mill in Hamrun was looted. The military was called in to assist the police. Soldiers of the West Yorkshire Regiment fired on the crowd and used their bayonets to restore order; four were killed and eight injured. 32 Maltese were arrested in connection with the riots. Sentences were handed down ranging from 3 months to 7 years imprisonment with the Governor remitting 14 minor sentences.

On 22 June General Plumer declared that the Secretary of State Lord Milner was prepared to consider how far it was possible to grant the people of Malta an order to share in the administration, without impairing Imperial interests.

POW Malta January 1919

On 1 Jan 1919, 2078 Prisoners of War were held by the British in Malta. There were: Germans 1301, Austrians 318, Turks 312, Bulgars 23, Others 124.

In 1915, Captain D C L Fitzwilliams RAMC wrote A practical manual of bandaging. The book was published in 1915 while he was serving at Malta as medical officer to 1,500 Prisoners of War of various nationalities, and while he was actively engaged in preparing orderlies for their duties in the field.

Awards Great War

On 28 Aug 1919 the following officers were brought to the notice of the Secretary of State for War for valuable services rendered in connection with the war:
Temp Maj T Mackenzie V D MD, Temp Maj C R Nicholson, Surg Maj A E Mifsud RMA, Surg Maj R Randon MD RMA.

In 1919, Prof Winifred Clara Cullis, Professor of Physiology at the University of London, was sent to Gibraltar and Malta to lecture to the troops. She was appointed OBE in recognition of this service.

Brig David Forsyth Panton (9 June 1892-23 Sept 1977)

Brig David Forsyth Panton joined the TF in 1912. In 1914, he served in France in the London Rifle Bde as a Pte soldier. In 1917, Brig David Forsyth Panton served in Salonika as a Lt in the RAMC. He was in the expedition to Murmansk in 1919 and then served at various stations including Malta. He specialized in gynaecology.

Royal Naval Hospital Bighi

After the Great War, Surgeon Rear Admiral George Trevor Collingwood CB RN was in charge of the British Naval Hospital Bighi.

References

  1. Drew R: Commissioned Officers in the Medical Services of the British Army Vol II. Roll of Officers in the Royal Army Medical Corps 1898–1960. London The Wellcome Historical Medical Library 1968.
  2. The Army List for January 1919, London 1919.
  3. The Army List for December 1919, London 1919.
  4. Darmanin D A, 1999. British regiments in 1919 Malta, Sunday Times of Malta dated 13 June 1999.
  5. Directorates of Pathology and Hygiene Brit Med J (1919), 1; 3044: 562 (3 May 1919).
  6. Directorates of Pathology and Hygiene Br Med J (1919), 1; 3044: 562 (Published 3 May 1919).
  7. Obituary D F Panton MRCS LRCP Br Med J (1977), 1:57 (Published 1 January 1977).
  8. News in Brief. The Times Digital Archive 23 June 1919; 13.