RAMC

Medical Officers of the Malta Garrison
1914

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Malta Garrison – 1914

Regimental Medical Officers

Events 1914

World War I

The peace establishment of the RAMC in Malta in 1914 was 23 officers, including 2 quartermasters, 150 other ranks and 12 nursing sisters of the Queen Alexandra Imperial Military Nursing Service. On the start of the Great War, the majority of regular RAMC officers were withdrawn from Malta for active service elsewhere, and replaced by four RAMC Territorial Force officers (TF), and four officers and 193 men of the 1st (City of London) Field Ambulance TF.

Malta had four military hospitals. The Station Hospital Cottonera with 278 beds was the main hospital and HQ of 30 Coy RAMC. At Mtarfa Barracks was the Mtarfa Barrack Hospital with 55 beds; at St Julians was the Forrest Hospital with 20 beds which was used mainly for venereal diseases. In Valletta was the Station and Military Families Hospital with 36 beds, of which, all but 10 constituted the hospital of the Royal Malta Artillery. In addition there was a small military hospital at Fort Chambray Gozo and the large Royal Naval Hospital Bighi.

Floriana Barracks, Verdala Barracks and Fort San Salvatore were used to intern German POWs from the cruisers Emden and Breslau. Among the prisoners from the Emden was Franz Joseph Prinz von Hohenzollern who was not repatriated until 12 Nov 1919.

Garrison Strength August 1914
Regts Officers Soldiers
Garrison Strength Malta August 1914
Roy Artillery 62 1383
Roy Eng 21 394
Infantry 130 4180
Army Service Corps 12 101
RAMC 20 132
Army Vet Corps 1 0
Army Ord Corps 10 47
Army Pay Corps 0 21
Local Troops 25 419
Total 281 6677

1st London (City of London) Field Ambulance

On 1 Apr 1908, the Territorial Force replaced the old Volunteer Force. The 1st, 2nd and 3rd London Field Ambulances were formed from the London Companies of the Volunteer Medical Staff Corps and served the 1st City of London Territorial Division. Sept 1914, witnessed the departure from England of the first territorial units for service abroad. Among the earliest to embark was the 1st London (City of London) Field Ambulance RAMC Companies for Malta. This arose from the 3rd and 4th London Volunteer Brigade Bearer.

Scutari

On 3 June 1914, seventeen NCOs and men proceeded to Scutari Albania to relieve the detachment that had been stationed there since June 1913. The latter returned to Malta on HMS Duke of Edinburgh on 9 June 1914

French Fleet

The French fleet including 11 battleships arrived at Malta on 12 Aug 1914. In the Mediterranean were the German Battle Cruiser Goeben and the light cruiser Breslau which had paid a visit to Malta in Nov 1912.

Chicken Pox

In 1914 there was an epidemic of chicken pox among the children in the garrison with 91 admissions to hospital.

John Donal Caroll

Dr John Donal Carroll qualified MB BCh BAO in 1913 and received a commission in the RAMC in Aug 1914. He served in Gibraltar, Malta, Egypt and France. He won the Military Cross in Apr 1917 for attending the wounded at an observation post under heavy shell fire.

During the attack on Ypres in Aug 1917, his dressing station was blown up. Although he was not wounded he suffered severely from shell-shock. He later served with the Army of Occupation until 1919. He died in 1928 at the early age of 38 years.

References

  1. Drew R: Commissioned Officers in the Medical Services of the British Army Vol II. Roll of Officers in the Royal Army Medical Corps 1898–1960. London The Wellcome Historical Medical Library 1968.
  2. Bruce G R, Military Hospitals in Malta during the War. (Valletta)
  3. Army report on the health of the army 1914 Vol LVI, London 1921. (No reports were published from 1915 to 1920).
  4. The Monthly Army List Feb 1914. War Office 31 January 1914.
  5. The Monthly Army List June 1914. War Office 30 May 1914.
  6. The Monthly Army List Dec 1914. War Office 30 November 1914.
  7. The Army List corrected to 30 Nov 1914, War Office Dec 1914.
  8. Army report on the health of the army 1914 Vol LVI, London 1921. (No reports were published between 1915 and 1920).
  9. Book No 43. Stations of units of the Regular Forces, Militia, Special Reserve and Territorial Force - 1 January 1914. HM Stationery Office.
  10. Book No 44. Stations of units of the Regular Forces, Militia, Special Reserve and Territorial Force - 1 April 1914. HM Stationery Office.
  11. Book No 45. Stations of units of the Regular Forces, Militia, Special Reserve and Territorial Force - 1 July 1914. HM Stationery Office.
  12. Macpherson W G, Official History of the War. Medical Services General History Vol 1 Chap XIII p 235-248 London 1921.
  13. Macpherson W G, and Mitchell, Official History of the War. Medical Services General History Vol 1V. London 1924. Malta as a base for Gallipoli pages: 1, 22, 34 et al As hospital base for Salonika Force p 72.
  14. Mackinnon Albert Glenthone Malta the nurse of the Mediterranean 1916.
  15. Obituary John Donal Carroll Br Med J (1928), 1; 3514: 2, 826, (Published 12 May 1928).
  16. Distribution list of RAMC Officers J Roy Army Med Corps XXII, 4 (1 Apr 1914).