Medical Officers
Of the Malta Garrison – 1840

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Malta Garrison – 1840

Baptisms and Deaths 1840

The average strength of the garrison was 2,121 men.

1 June: Caroline Rogers born on 7 May 1840, daughter of Garrison Staff Sgt Thomas Rogers and his wife Fanny.

15 July: William Henry Maxwell born on 13 June 1840, son of Capt Charles Francis Maxwell 82nd Foot, Military Secretary to Sir Henry Bouverie Governor of Malta, and his wife Tomasine Ionia.

5 Dec: Minna Henrietta Major born on 14 October 1840, daughter of Assistant Commissary General Francis William Amiable Carpenter Major and his wife Catharine.

Surgeon Baldassare Sammut RN died at Malta on 9 February 1840.

Royal Warrant 14 Oct 1840

From 1 Oct 1840, medical officers were ranked as Assistant Surgeons, Regimental Surgeons, Staff Surgeons 2nd Class, Staff Surgeons 1st Class, Deputy Inspector General of Hospitals and Inspector General of Hospitals.

On 1 Oct 1858, the ranks of Staff Surgeon 1st Class and Staff Surgeon 2nd Class, were discontinued. From that date, military surgeons were known as either Staff Surgeons or Regimental Surgeons. Those who had held either rank for 20 years became Surgeon-Majors.

Daily Rates of Pay
Rank > 25 yrs > 20 yrs > 10 yrs < 10 yrs
Assistant Surgeon 10s 10s 10s 7s 6d
Reg Surg or Staff Surg 2nd Class £1 2s 19s 15s 13s
Staff Surg 1st Class £1 4s £1 2s 19s  
DIGH £1 10s £1 8s £1 4s  
IGH £2 £1 13s £1 16s  
Daily Rates of pay related to length of service (Royal Warrant 14 Oct 1840).

To qualify as an Assistant Surgeon, a medical candidate had to pass his examinations at one of the Royal Colleges of Surgeons of London, Edinburgh, or Dublin. He had to serve 5 yrs on full pay before promotion to the rank of Regimental Surgeon or of Staff Surgeon 2nd class.

A Regimental Surgeon or a Staff Surgeon 2nd Class had to serve 10 yrs on full pay to be eligible for promotion to the rank of Staff Surgeon 1st class.

A Staff Surgeon 1st Class had to serve 3 yrs at home, or 2 yrs abroad before promotion to the rank of Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals.

Deputy Inspector-General of Hospitals had to serve 5 yrs at home, or 3 yrs abroad before promotion to the rank of Inspector-General of Hospitals.

Presbyterian Cemetery

In 1840, a small cemetery was opened on the Hornworks at Floriana. It was in use for about a decade. Most of the soldiers buried there were from the 92nd Highlanders and the 42nd Highlanders. The cemetery fell into disuse and became damaged over the years. It was cleared in 1965, and the few remaining headstones and memorials moved to Pieta Military Cemetery.


By a decision of the Board of Health, dated Malta 23 Nov 1840, the length of quarantine for passengers, merchandise, ships of war, and merchant vessels having Clean Bills of Health was reduced and fixed at:

  • Passengers from Constantinople and Alexandria 15 days, from Barbary 12 days, from Greece 15 days.
  • Merchandise from Constantinople and Alexandria 30 days, from Barbary 20 days, from Greece 15 days.
  • Ships of War from Constantinople and Alexandria 18 days, from Barbary 15 days, from Greece 10 days.
  • Merchant vessels from Constantinople and Alexandria 25 days, from Barbary 13 days, from Greece 10 days.



  • Hart H G, The New Annual Army List. 7 February 1840.
  • TNA:WO 17/2146, Returns of the General and Staff officers of the hospitals attached to the forces in Malta 1840.
  • TNA:WO 25/3902, Malta 25 May 1840-49 January 1841.
  • Macaulay T. B., Appointments and pay of Army Medical Officers. Prov Med and Surg J (1840), S1-1:126 (Published 14 November 1840).
  • The Malta Times or Broad Sheet of the Mediterranean (1840), Issue No 52 (20 December 1840).