Medical Officers
Of the Malta Garrison – 1835

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Malta Garrison – 1835

Malta Garrison

Gonorrhoea was rife among the troops. Assistant Surgeon Thomas Hall 5th Regiment stated that: The Cottonera district was infested with prostitutes of the most abandoned kind, and the houses occupied by them, the constant resort of sailors as well as soldiers. It is a positive fact that 57 of these diseased women were sent in one week by the police to the Civil Hospital for cure.

Surgeon Hall treated the soldiers with nitrate of potash and a few grains of powder Gum Arabic assisted with copious draughts of Barley Water. He claimed that his administration of the Copaiba Balsam with injections of acetate of zinc achieved a cure between the eight and tenth day of admission and that his treatment relieved the symptoms within two or three days.

Burials 1835

  • 1 Feb: Cecilia C. Wood 17 years, daughter of Lt Gen J. S.Wood.
  • 22 Feb: Pte Marine James Thome HMS Canopus.
  • 25 Feb: QM John Stevenson HMS Talavera.
  • 8 Mar: Able Seaman William Trebrin HMS Canopus.
  • 22 Mar: Able Seaman Joseph Mullins HMS Canopus.
  • 1 Apr: Able Seaman George W Goslin HMS Canopus.
  • 5 Apr: Caulker William Richards HMS Caledonia.
  • 13 Apr: Pte Marine Joel Bass HMS Revenge.
  • 15 Apr: Midshipman P. C. D. Preston HMS Scout.
  • 15 Apr: Pte Marine William Annatts HMS Talavera.
  • 15 Apr: Pte Marine Thomas West HMS Caledonia.
  • 15 Apr: Midshipman Theodore Raphael Orford Hoste HMS Thunderer.
  • 28 Apr: Able Seaman John Kelly HMS Revenge.
  • 30 May: Able Seaman John Bazely HMS Endymion.
  • 30 May: Boy Robert Godfrey HMS Endymion.
  • 2 June: William Robertson 54 years, Assistant Commissary General.
  • 6 June: Able Seaman John Saunders HMS Caledonia.
  • 18 June: Sgt RM James Sammerville HMS Caledonia.
  • 26 June: Pte Marine Joseph Colley HMS Thunderer.
  • 31 July: Able Seaman John Dawson HMS Malabar.
  • 1 Aug: Armourer Henry Dance HMS Sapphire.
  • 2 Aug: Pte Marine William Marshall HMS Edinburgh.
  • 8 Aug: J. J. Verdine HMS Endymion.
  • 9 Aug: Able Seaman H Swan HMS Caledonia.
  • 7 Nov: Barrack Sgt Thomas Melven 47 years.
  • 28 Oct: Able Seaman Thomas Rogers HMS Orestes.
  • 6 Nov: Purser's Steward Daniel Durant HMS Columbine.
  • 7 Nov: Gun Room Cook Samuel Wood HMS Canopus.
  • 22 Nov: Pte Marine William Lennon HMS Thunderer.
  • 29 Nov: Able Seaman John Lord HMS Canopus.
  • 2 Dec: Mate George B. Anstruther HMS Barham.
  • 16 Dec: Pte Marine George Williams HMS Vernon.
  • 17 Dec: Gun Crew Daniel Finn HMS Revenge.
  • 17 Dec: Boy Joseph Hunt HMS Revenge.

St Calcedonius Floriana

The House of Manresa, popularly known as St Calcedonius, was completed in 1751 by Pierfrancesco Rosignoli, a Jesuit priest. The inauguration ceremony dedicating the place to Our Lady of Manresa, took place on 16 March 1771. It was used as a centre of retreat by the clergy and laity. Its chapel, with the relics of St Calcedonius, was consecrated by Bishop Labini on 23 July 1786.

In 1798, the House of Manresa was taken over by the French. Following their expulsion, it was used by the British as a regimental hospital, and in 1813 as a military plague hospital.

Part of the Convent of St Calcedonius was used as a regimental hospital for the Floriana Barracks. On 15 March 1835, the regimental hospital was transferred to the General Hospital Valletta and the Casa Santa reverted to the Civil Government.

Naval Hospital Vittoriosa

The Armoury in Vittoriosa was built during the Grand Mastership of Fra Claude de La Sengle (1553-1557). The first floor was added in 1636. It was used as a Naval Hospital and later as a barracks. It reverted to a naval hospital in 1819 and remained in use by the Admiralty until the completion of the Royal Naval Hospital Bighi in 1832.

In Mar 1835, the Naval Hospital was transferred by the Civil Government to the Ordnance Department. It became a regimental hospital for the troops in the Vittoriosa District.

Plague at Alexandria

In Mar 1835, the following instructions were issued by the Postal Services to prevent the carriage of plague to Malta by the Steam Packet:

The mail to be placed in tin cases or wooden boxes, to be sealed so that all the letters may be fumigated at the Lazaretto of Malta. No passengers to be allowed to embark without a certificate that they have had no contact with the population of Alexandria for at least 10 days.

On 2 May 1835, the Russian Brigantine Sofia Elena arrived from Alexandria with plague among her crew.



  • A list of all the Officers of the Army and Royal Marines. War Office 24 January 1835.
  • TNA:WO 334/12, Sick Returns and Reports for the Garrison of Malta from 1 January to 31 December 1835.
  • TNA:WO 17/2141, Returns of the General and Staff officers of the hospitals attached to the forces in Malta (1 January –1 December 1835).
  • TNA:WO 25/3901, Returns of Officers Service.
  • Tonna E. S., 1969. Malta — Floriana in Wartime. Malta, Progress Press, 92–94.