No 102 Surgeon Miah William Murphy MRCS (Eng 1839)
2 Mar 1817 – 17 Aug 1894 [Mt Vernon, Sunday's Well Cork]
Surgeon General Miah William Murphy entered the Army Medical Department as an Assistant Surgeon in July 1842. He served with the 80th Regiment in the Burmese War of 1852–1853, and was present at the taking of Prome. He was wounded while serving as Staff Surgeon to the Bengal Division with Sir J. Cheape's force at Donabew where there was an immense deal of sickness and a great deal of fighting. Sir John was gratified with the way in which Mr Murphy performed his duties and mentioned him in his despatch. For his services he received the medal with clasps for Pegu.
Murphy was also recommended for promotion but this did not materialize. Director General Army Medical Department Andrew Smith noted that he was quite aware of Mr Murphy's merits, but promotion would take place when it did
not cause an injustice to officers who were senior to him. On 3 March 1854, Surgeon John Robert Taylor was promoted Staff Surgeon First Class, creating a vacancy in the 80th which Murphy expected to fill. However, DG Smith gave the surgeoncy of the 80th Regiment to Staff Assistant Surgeon William Nelson Irwin, who had been commissioned on 2 December 1842, and was thus junior to Murphy. Murphy complained to the Director General, who was unable to reverse his decision as the promotion of 3 March 1854 was consequent on the outbreak of war with Russia, and
as you were, until your arrival in this country, considered on the Indian establishment, and eligible for promotion in that command, you had no claim to advancement at home on the score of seniority until you landed.
that the promotion of which I complained, and by which I considered myself slighted, was that of one officer, six months my junior, who was put over me in the regiment in which I was serving, this being as far as I knew, a singular instance of such a promotion, namely an assistant surgeon, junior to one of the assistant surgeons of the regiment, being promoted to the surgeoncy of that regiment in which the senior was serving. Further, the 80th Regiment being on its return from India was not likely to be sent immediately to the seat of war, and therefore the outbreak of war could not have necessitated such a step. If I was considered on the Indian establishment I should suppose that the regiment which I was serving in and accompanying would also be in the same roster, and when a vacancy occurred in it, that if not given to the senior assistant surgeon in India, I was entitled to it, being senior to all the assistant surgeons at home. The promotion of assistant surgeon Irwin into the 80th Regiment caused much surprise at the time and inferences unfavourable to me were made from it, which I submit is a hardship independently of the loss of the time and of having so may juniors passed over my head.1
DG Smith acknowledged that Murphy had not been promoted from an oversight which was rectified as soon as a vacancy arose.
After the 80th regiment had embarked I was required to provide for service in the Crimea, three staff surgeons of the first class. I ascertained that Mr Taylor was close to the shores of this country and as I had found him a very good officer during the Burmese campaign when I appointed him PMO, I selected him for one of those three staff surgeons. At that time in March 1854, I was over pressed with work, and the clerk in my office who makes out the list of the seniors who are entitled to promotion brought it to me, there being nine surgeons required exclusive of the three staff surgeons, and placed the list before me, having omitted in that list Mr Murphy's name. I had no time to scrutinize the list, as I should have done had I had the ordinary time as in peace. These men were gazetted. A few days afterwards I discovered that Mr Murphy, a man whom I would never had thought of passing over, had accidentally been passed over, from not having been introduced into that list. I immediately ordered that he should be the first man to be recommended for promotion, and about a month afterwards an occasion arose, and Mr Murphy's name was promoted; so that all that can be said is that it was a simple oversight during a period of unprecedented pressure.2
Surgeon General Miah William Murphy died at Mount Vernon Sunday's Well Road Co. Cork in August 1894, aged 80 years. He left a widow, Harriet Normand, third daughter of Mr Heary Normand Dywert. Harriet died on 22 January 1907 at Cork. Among Surgeon General Miah William Murphy's publications was
Detailed histories of two cases of solar apoplexy. AMD Report Vol I (1859).
Service Record — Miah William Murphy
22 July 1842 Assistant Surgeon 1st West India Regiment.
17 Feb 1843 Assistant Surgeon 33rd (1st Yorkshire, West Riding) Regiment of Foot.
1 Nov 1844 Appointed Assistant Surgeon 80th (Staffordshire Volunteers) Regiment of Foot vice Assistant Surgeon Thomas Tardrew promoted Assistant Surgeon 1st Life Guards on 22 October 1844. The vacancy in 33rd Foot was filled by Gentleman Thomas Stack MD.
1852–53 Served with the 80th Regiment in the Second Anglo Burmese War.
17 Mar 1854 Surgeon 91st (Argyllshire) Regiment of Foot. His commission to the 91st Regiment was antedated.
15 Dec 1854 Arrived at Malta.
Malta 19 Mar 1855 Left for Piraeus
16 Apr 1858 War Office: Commission in 91st antedated to 3 March 1854, but the antedate was not to carry pay.
22 July 1862 Promoted Surgeon-Major 91st (Argyllshire) Regiment of Foot under the provision of the Royal Warrant of 1 Oct 1858.
3 May 1864 Exchanged with Staff Surgeon Major John Summers who moved to 91st Foot.
1864–1866 Served in Bengal.
9 Mar 1867 Promoted Deputy Surgeon General.
1867–1868 Served in Bombay.
1869–1871 Served in Mhow.
1872–1875 Served in Cork.
1 Sept 1875 Retired with the honorary rank of Surgeon General. Deputy Surgeon General Alfred Crocker was appointed to the Staff at Cork as Principal Medical Officer, on his return from China vice Deputy Surgeon General M W Murphy.
- Drew R., 1968. Entry No: 4712. Medical Officers in the British Army 1660 – 1960. Volume 1: 1660 – 1898. London: Wellcome Historical Medical Library.
- RAMC/PE/3/27/Drew. Manuscript for Drew's Roll.
- TNA:WO 25/3902, Records of Service - Officers of the Medical Department (1790–1847).
- 1Evidence of Surgeon John Robert Taylor to the Select Committee appointed on 5 May 1857, to inquire into the regulations affecting the sanitary condition of the army, the organization of the military hospitals and the treatment of the sick and wounded. 10 July 1857, pp 282-283.
- 2Evidence of DG Andrew Smith taken before the Select Committee appointed to inquire into the regulations affecting the sanitary conditions of the army p 330.
- Army Medical Staff, Surgeon General M W Murphy. Br Med J (1894), 2; 447-448, dated (Published 25 August 1894).