Medical Officers of the Malta Garrison Carter Rowland Wimburn
416 Brigade Surgeon Rowland Wimburn Carter MRCS (Eng 1854) LSAL (1854) 21 Nov 1830 [Cape Town] – 20 Oct 1907 [Southsea]
Brigade Surgeon Rowland Wimburn Carter was admitted a Member of the Royal College of Surgeons of England on 10 April 1854. He entered the Army Medical Department as an Assistant Surgeon on 28 July 1854.
He served with the 20th Regiment of Foot in the Eastern Campaign of 1854–1856 and was present at the Battle of Alma, the siege and fall of Sebastopol and capture of Kinbourn. He received the Crimea Medal with two clasps and the Turkish Medal.
In 1858, Brigade Surgeon Rowland Wimburn Carter served with the 82nd Foot in the Indian Mutiny Campaign. He took part in the actions of Khankur and Bunkagaon and received the Mutiny Medal.
He also participated in the Afghan War of 1878–1880 and received the Afghan Medal.
In one of his confidential reports his PMO described him as being deficient in zeal, judgement and efficiency, and was censured for making unnecessary groundless complaints regarding the diets in the 3rd Station Hospital Aldershot.
Dr Carter retired from the army in 1884, with the rank of Deputy-Surgeon-General. He settled at Southsea, and took a considerable part in the work of its various medical charities. Up to the time of his death he was Consulting Surgeon of the Weymouth and Dorset
County Royal Eye Infirmary, and for many years acted as anaesthetist to Weymouth Royal Hospital, assisting likewise in the work of the Princess Christian Hospital and Sanatorium.
He took a particular interest in everything connected with anaesthetics and was the inventor of an apparatus for administering ether at a definite temperature. On this subject he made several contributions to medical literature, including a paper on the administration of Chloroform in the British Medical Journal in 1893; on Chloroform Anaesthesia in the same Journal in the following year; and on the precise and scientific Administration of Chloroform and Ether; in the transactions of the Society of Anaesthetists in 1895.