Surgeon Archibald Arnott MD (Ed 1815)
18 Apr 1772 [Kirkconnell Dumfriesshire] – 6 July 1855 [Kirkconnell Hall Ecclefechan]
14 Apr 1795 Appointed Surgeon's Mate 11th (Light) Dragoons obtained probably through the patronage of Sir William Erskine.
14 Apr – 1 Aug 1795 On duty in England.
2 Aug 1795 – 31 Mar 1796 On duty in Hannover.
1 Apr 1796 – 28 July 1799 On duty in England.
25 Dec 1796 On duty as an Assistant Surgeon 11th (Light) Dragoons.
29 July 1799 – 24 Nov 1799 On duty in Holland.
23 Aug 1799 Promoted Surgeon 20th (East Devonshire) Regiment of Foot.
He remained with the 20th Regiment during the rest of his service. He accompanied them to Holland and was present at the storming of the entrenchments of Krabbendam and at both the actions fought at Egmont-op-Zee.
25 Nov 1799 – 6 June 1800 On duty in England.
7 June 1800 – 26 June 1808 Served in Minorca, Egypt, Sicily, Naples, and Malta.
In 1801, he was present at the taking of Alexandria.
Arnott stated that Sir William Franklin, who was the PMO Malta and Sicily, was pleased of his services to the sick.
Malta 1 June 1801 Arrived in Malta.
Malta Nov 1802 Embarked for England following the reduction of 20th Foot by one battalion and was placed on half-pay.
25 Apr 1803 – 16 May 1803 Placed on half-pay.
17 May 1803 Restored to the active list following the resumption of hostilities with France.
Malta 1804 On duty in Malta with the 20th Foot.
Malta 1805 Left on Lt Gen Sir James Craig's Expedition to Naples.
4 July 1806 Served in the Battle of Maida.
His commanding officer Lt Col Robert Ross,
was on all occasions pleased with his zeal and attention to duty. Arnott describes Ross, who was killed in 1814 in the Battle of Baltimore, as
one of the strictest officers in the service.
27 Jan 1808 – 7 July 1808 On duty in England.
8 July 1808 – 28 Jan 1809 On duty in Portugal where he was present at the Battle of Vimeiro (21 Aug 1808).
Jan 1809 Was with his regiment in Portugal. He formed part of Sir John Moore's army in the retreat on Corunna and took part in the action there of 16 January 1809.
29 Jan – 10 July 1809 On duty in England.
11 July 1809 – 28 Oct 1809 Served at Walcheren where the 20th Regiment was greatly reduced by fever. The regiment required two years Home Service to recover.
29 Oct 1809 – 8 Sep 1812 On duty in England.
9 Sep 1812 – 17 Aug 1814 Accompanied the 20th Regiment to Portugal, and served in Wellington's campaigns until the end of the Peninsular War. He was present at the Battle of Vitoria, all the actions in the Pyrenees in which the 20th took part (25 July to 2 Aug 1813), and the battles of Nivelle (10 Nov 1813), Nive (9 to 13 Dec 1813), Orthez (2 Feb 1814), and Toulouse (10 Apr 1814).
19 Aug 1814 – 27 Dec 1818 Served in Ireland with his regiment until his embarkation to St Helena.
28 Dec 1818 – 16 Apr 1822 On duty at St Helena with the 20th Regiment during the exile of Napoleon Bonaparte.
On 14 April Napoleon presented the "Life of Marlborough", through Arnott, to the officers of the 20th Foot.
Was thanked in General Orders by Lt Gen Sir Hudson Lowe for his medical services at St Helena as Principal Medical Officer.
5 May 1821 Arnott attended on Napoleon during his last illness and was present at his death. He wrote An account of the last illness of Napoleon, published in London in 1822.
17 Apr 1822 Accompanied his regiment to Bombay India.
17 Apr 1822 – 8 July 1826 Served in Bombay.
9 July – 24 Dec 1826 On duty in England.
25 Dec 1826 Retired through ill health. He had completed 30 years service, twenty seven of which were with the 2oth Regiment.
- Entry No: 1545. Johnston W. Roll of Commissioned Offices in the Medical Service of the British Army. Vol 1 (20 June 1727-23 June 1898), Aberdeen (1917).
- TNA:WO 25/3898/57, Records of Service – Officers of the Medical Department (1790–1847).
- Wilson J B, "Dr Archibald Arnott: Surgeon to the 20th Foot and Physician to Napoleon". Brit Med J (1975), 3 : 293-295, (Published 2 August 1975).
- Steel E B, Archibald Arnott Surgeon 20th Foot. J Roy Army Med Corps (1913), 3 : xx; 239-241, (Published March 1913).
- 1Ackroyd M, Brockliss L, Moss M, Retford K, Stevenson J. Advancing with the Army. Medicine, the Professions, and Social Mobility in the British Isles, 1790-1850 (Oxford 2006).