Regiments of the Malta Garrison 94th Regiment of Foot
The 94th Regiment of Foot
The 94th Regiment was derived from the Scotch Brigade which was raised in Scotland but served as part of the army of the Dutch Republic. It fought in the Mysore War and the Mahratta War and gained an elephant as part of its cap badge.
In 1802 the Scotch Brigade was numbered the 94th Regiment of Foot.
On 1 July 1881, the 94th merged with the 88th (Connaught Rangers) to form the 2nd Battalion of the Connaught Rangers.
The Connaught Rangers disbanded in April 1922 on the formation of the Irish Republic.
1 Jan–31 Dec 1833 The average strength was 17 officers, 493 men, 43 wives and 95 children. From the middle of the year the regiment occupied Lower St Elmo Barracks, which it shared with the 73rd Foot.
In 1833, the 94th had 747 sick. The sick list exceeded that of the previous year by 109 cases; symptoms were, however, not as severe as had been experienced in 1832. There were 40 more acute cases due to fever, dysentery and diarrhoea.
Acute catarrh was common during the year. It first appeared among the 42nd in early winter of 1832, when the regiment was stationed at Floriana Barracks. It then spread to the 7th, soon after it had relieved the 42nd at Floriana in the beginning of 1833. Acute catarrh next appeared in the 73rd and 94th stationed at Lower St Elmo barracks. The men of the 42nd were affected; the officers of the corps almost entirely escaped it. In many instances catarrh was accompanied by a cutaneous eruption similar to urticaria. The PMO remarked that acute catarrh was the same disease as the influenza which had prevailed in Malta and in almost every part of Europe during that year.
In 1833 the regimental hospital recorded the following diseases:
Phlegmon and abscess – 36 (Total in garrison 139)
Cynauche Tonsillaris – 14 (Total in garrison 51)
Acute Hepatitis – 1 (Total in garrison 20)
Rheumatismus Acutus – 24 (Total in garrison 92)
Chronic Rheumatismus – 2 (1†) (Total in garrison 7)
Catarrhus Acutus – 107 (Total in garrison 513)
Chronic Catarrh – 6 (2†) (Total in garrison 23)
Pneumonia – 23 (1†) (Total in garrison 146)
Phthisis Pulmonalis – 3 (3†) (Total in garrison 22)
Cholera – 1 (Total in garrison 21)
Diarrhoea – 42 (Total in garrison 184)
Syphilis Primitiva – 146 (Total in garrison 196)
Syphilis Consecutiva – 9 (Total in garrison 9)
Gonorrhoea – 27 (Total in garrison 115)
Hernia Humoralis – 11 (Total in garrison 45)
Morbi Oculorum – 30 (Total in garrison 77)
Assistant Inspector of Hospitals John Davy described Acute Rheumatism as those cases such as commonly occur in Malta, and chiefly in the winter season, marked generally by pain and difficulty of motion, and some derangement of general health, and very rarely indeed attended either by redness or swelling of the affected part or by a pyrexial state. The texture affected appears to be more commonly the muscular fibre. The disease yields readily to treatment but is apt to recur.1
Measles broke out during autumn and winter of 1833; few children escaped its ravages.
Five children died during the year from so called dentition.
There were two cases of Intermittent Fever and 38 of Common Continued Fever, with 1 death. The greater proportion of those falling ill with Common Continued Fever had mild symptoms and usually recovered. Common Continued Fever was frequent during the hot summer months of July, August and September. This type of fever was attributed to exposure to the sun, intemperance, changes to atmospheric conditions, and to malarial exhalations. A few cases on remittent fever also occurred, but were generally relapses of infection acquired out of Malta.
The following were married in 1833:
18 June Bachelor Sgt Andrew McMahon to Julia Jennett, spinster daughter of Pte Thomas Jennett 43rd Regiment.
24 Aug Bachelor CSgt George Crozier to Mary Orton, widow.
14 Nov Bachelor Lt William Davenport Humphreys of Bramall Hall in the County of Chester to Camilla Gatt, spinster of the Parish of St Paul in the City of Valletta.
The following were baptised in 1833:
6 JanRobert McConnell son of CSgt James McConnell and Mary, born on 25 December 1832.
18 MarThomas Dunn son of Cpl William Dunn and Anne, born on 8 March 1833.
1 AprDaniel Frederick Spiller son of Lt and Adjutant William Spiller and Mary Ann, born on 2 March.
5 MayHenry Robinson Black son of CSgt William James Black deceased and Margaret, born on 17 April.
14 JuneJohn Bolton son of Cpl Maurice Bolton and Frances, born on 5 June.
13 OctJohn Mckechnie son of Pte Hugh McKecknie and Ellen, born on 7 October.
The following were buried in 1833:
7 Jan CSgt William James Black died at Gozo and was buried at Fort Chambray.
15 MayHenry Robinson Black aged 4 weeks, son of CSgt Black, deceased.
22 May Pte James Harrison aged 30 years.
5 JulyRobert Baker aged 14 days, son of William and Sarah Baker.
10 July School Master John Rose aged 27 years.
10 Aug Pte Alexander Fraser aged 32 years.
12 Oct Sgt Richard Oliver aged 28 years.
17 OctWilliam Malloy aged 3 years, son of P. Malloy.
23 OctJohn McKecknie aged 16 days, son of Pte Hugh McMecknie.
30 OctThomas Baker aged 5 years, son of William Baker.
17 Dec Pte Mathew Bentley aged 27 years, son of James Barratt.