Regiments of the Malta Garrison
94th Regiment of Foot

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The 94th Regiment of Foot


The 94th Regiment was derived from the Scotch Brigade which was raised in Scotland but served as part of the army of the Dutch Republic. It fought in the Mysore War and the Mahratta War and gained an elephant as part of its cap badge.

In 1802 the Scotch Brigade was numbered the 94th Regiment of Foot.

On 1 July 1881, the 94th merged with the 88th (Connaught Rangers) to form The 2nd Battalion The Connaught Rangers.

The Connaught Rangers disbanded in April 1922 on the formation of the Irish Republic.

The 94th Regiment of Foot

1832 94th

16–17 Mar 1832 509 men of the 94th arrived from Gibraltar.

The following were married in 1832:

  • 20 Oct Bachelor Sgt John Watson to Eliza Duncan, spinster born in Gibraltar, daughter of the late Sgt Thomas Duncan RA.

The following were baptised in 1832:

  • 6 Apr Tamzen Pantelleria Bolton daughter of Cpl Maurice Bolton and Frances, born on 15 March 1832.
  • 27 Apr Margaret Black daughter of CSgt William James Black and Margaret, born on 20 April.
  • 11 June Robert Baker son of Sgt Major William Baker and Sarah, born on 3 June.
  • 13 June Richard Nesbitt son of Pte John Nesbitt and Mary, born on 9 June.
  • 4 July Mary Whaite daughter of CSgt Thomas Whaite and Judith, born on 15 June.
  • 20 Oct John Charles Watson son of Sgt John Watson and Elizabeth Duncan, born on 13 October 1831 and privately baptised in Gibraltar was publicly received into the church.
  • 28 Nov Isabella Janet Christian Stewart daughter of Capt Alexander Stewart and Sarah Janet Orr Mackenzie born on 22 October 1832.

The following were buried in 1832:

  • 16 May Pte Robert Farr aged 24 years.
  • 24 May Margaret Black aged 33 days, daughter of Sgt W. J. Black.
  • 13 June Pte Samuel Cleeland aged 21 years.
  • 15 July Judith Whaite aged 23 years, wife of CSgt Thomas Whaite.
  • 21 Sep John Wylie aged 9 months, son of Hugh Wylie.

1833 94th

1 Jan–31 Dec 1833 The average strength was 17 officers, 493 men, 43 wives and 95 children. From the middle of the year the regiment occupied Lower St Elmo Barracks, which it shared with the 73rd Foot.

In 1833, the 94th had 747 sick. The sick list exceeded that of the previous year by 109 cases; symptoms were, however, not as severe as had been experienced in 1832. There were 40 more acute cases due to fever, dysentery and diarrhoea.

Acute catarrh was common during the year. It first appeared among the 42nd in early winter of 1832, when the regiment was stationed at Floriana Barracks. It then spread to the 7th, soon after it had relieved the 42nd at Floriana in the beginning of 1833. Acute catarrh next appeared in the 73rd and 94th stationed at Lower St Elmo barracks. The men of the 42nd were affected; the officers of the corps almost entirely escaped it. In many instances catarrh was accompanied by a cutaneous eruption similar to urticaria. The PMO remarked that acute catarrh was the same disease as the influenza which had prevailed in Malta and in almost every part of Europe during that year.

In 1833 the regimental hospital recorded the following diseases:

  • Phlegmon and abscess – 36 (Total in garrison 139)
  • Cynauche Tonsillaris – 14 (Total in garrison 51)
  • Acute Hepatitis – 1 (Total in garrison 20)
  • Rheumatismus Acutus – 24 (Total in garrison 92)
  • Chronic Rheumatismus – 2 (1†) (Total in garrison 7)
  • Catarrhus Acutus – 107 (Total in garrison 513)
  • Chronic Catarrh – 6 (2†) (Total in garrison 23)
  • Pneumonia – 23 (1†) (Total in garrison 146)
  • Phthisis Pulmonalis – 3 (3†) (Total in garrison 22)
  • Cholera – 1 (Total in garrison 21)
  • Diarrhoea – 42 (Total in garrison 184)
  • Syphilis Primitiva – 146 (Total in garrison 196)
  • Syphilis Consecutiva – 9 (Total in garrison 9)
  • Gonorrhoea – 27 (Total in garrison 115)
  • Hernia Humoralis – 11 (Total in garrison 45)
  • Morbi Oculorum – 30 (Total in garrison 77)

Assistant Inspector of Hospitals John Davy described Acute Rheumatism as those cases such as commonly occur in Malta, and chiefly in the winter season, marked generally by pain and difficulty of motion, and some derangement of general health, and very rarely indeed attended either by redness or swelling of the affected part or by a pyrexial state. The texture affected appears to be more commonly the muscular fibre. The disease yields readily to treatment but is apt to recur.1

Measles broke out during autumn and winter of 1833; few children escaped its ravages.

Five children died during the year from so called dentition.

There were two cases of Intermittent Fever and 38 of Common Continued Fever, with 1 death. The greater proportion of those falling ill with Common Continued Fever had mild symptoms and usually recovered. Common Continued Fever was frequent during the hot summer months of July, August and September. This type of fever was attributed to exposure to the sun, intemperance, changes to atmospheric conditions, and to malarial exhalations. A few cases on remittent fever also occurred, but were generally relapses of infection acquired out of Malta.

The following were married in 1833:

  • 18 June Bachelor Sgt Andrew McMahon to Julia Sennett, spinster daughter of Pte Thomas Sennett 43rd Regiment.
  • 24 Aug Bachelor CSgt George Crozier to Mary Orton, widow.
  • 14 Nov Bachelor Lt William Davenport Humphreys of Bramall Hall in the County of Chester to Camilla Gatt, spinster of the Parish of St Paul in the City of Valletta.

The following were baptised in 1833:

  • 6 Jan Robert McConnell son of CSgt James McConnell and Mary, born on 25 December 1832.
  • 18 Mar Thomas Dunn son of Cpl William Dunn and Anne, born on 8 March 1833.
  • 1 Apr Daniel Frederick Spiller son of Lt and Adjutant William Spiller and Mary Ann, born on 2 March.
  • 5 May Henry Robinson Black son of CSgt William James Black deceased and Margaret, born on 17 April.
  • 14 June John Bolton son of Cpl Maurice Bolton and Frances, born on 5 June.
  • 13 Oct John Mckechnie son of Pte Hugh McKecknie and Ellen, born on 7 October.

The following were buried in 1833:

  • 7 Jan CSgt William James Black died at Gozo and was buried at Fort Chambray.
  • 15 May Henry Robinson Black aged 4 weeks, son of CSgt Black, deceased.
  • 22 May Pte James Harrison aged 30 years.
  • 5 July Robert Baker aged 14 days, son of William and Sarah Baker.
  • 10 July School Master John Rose aged 27 years.
  • 10 Aug Pte Alexander Fraser aged 32 years.
  • 12 Oct Sgt Richard Oliver aged 28 years.
  • 17 Oct William Malloy aged 3 years, son of P. Malloy.
  • 23 Oct John McKecknie aged 16 days, son of Pte Hugh McMecknie.
  • 30 Oct Thomas Baker aged 5 years, son of William Baker.
  • 17 Dec Pte Mathew Bentley aged 27 years, son of James Barratt.

1834 94th

Strength: 475 men.

5 Nov 1834 The 94th embarked for Ireland on the transport Romney.

24 Oct Widower Sgt Major Thomas Whaite married Sarah Paton, spinster daughter of Armourer Sgt Edward Paton 42nd Regiment.

The following were baptised in 1834:

  • 5 Feb William Swain son of L/Sgt Thomas Swain and Mary, born on 2 February 1834.
  • 18 Feb John McKenzie son of Sgt Duncan McKenzie and Isabella, born on 29 January.
  • 13 Apr Hugh Noble son of Pte Amon Noble and Margaret, born on 5 April.
  • 23 May Anna Maria Scott daughter of Schoolmaster Sgt William Scott and Catherine, born on 2 May.
  • 10 Aug Rachel McMahon daughter of Sgt Andrew McMahon and Julia, born on 6 August.
  • 13 Sep Edward McKeown son of Pte Charles McKeown and Elizabeth, born on 31 August.
  • 26 Oct Robert Wyllie son of Pte Hugh Wyllie and Elizabeth, born on 19 October.

The following were buried in 1834:

  • 10 Apr Pte John Clarke aged 28 years.
  • 27 May Anne Maria Scott aged 25 days, daughter of School Master Sgt William and Catherine Scott.
  • 29 May Pte Charles Outlaw aged 24 years.
  • 3 July Sgt Maj William Baker aged 42 years.
  • 21 July Armourer Sgt William Vernon aged 36 years.
  • 27 Aug Sarah Baker aged 37 years, widow of Sgt Maj Baker.
  • 29 Aug Hugh Noble aged 5 months, son of Pte Amon Noble.
  • 15 Sep Pte David Bell aged 28 years.

The 94th Regiment of Foot

1857 94th

22 Dec 1857 Burial of Pte James Smith aged 33 years 94th Regiment in Floriana cemetery.


  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  • Famous Units. The National Army Museum. Available from http://www.nam.ac.uk/research/famous-units.
  • 1TNA:WO 334/10, Sick Returns and Reports of the Garrison of Malta from 1 January 1833 to 31 January 1834.
  • TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  • TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Marriage Register 1 January 1820 to 12 June 1839.
  • TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Baptism Register 2 January 1820 to 29 June 1839.