Regiments of the Malta Garrison
91st (Argyllshire) Regiment

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The 91st (Argyllshire) Regiment

The 91st Highlanders was raised by the Duke of Argyll in 1794 at the onset of the French Revolutionary Wars (1792 –1802). Its name was initially the 98th Regiment of Foot, but was renumbered 91st in 1796.

In 1820, Argyllshire was added to the regimental number. In January 1833, the battle honours Roleia, Vimiera, and Corunna were granted to the 91st in commemoration of their gallantry at Roleia on 17 August 1808, at Vimiera on 21 August 1808 and before Corunna on 16 January 1809.

In 1872 Princess Louise's was incorporated into the regimental title after the 91st had served as the guard of honour during the wedding of Queen Victoria's daughter to the Duke of Argyll.

On 1 July 1881, the 91st amalgamated with the 93rd (Sutherland Highlanders) to form the first Battalion of The Princess Louise's (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders).

In 1921, the regimental name was altered to The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's).

The 91st (Argyllshire) Regiment

1854 1st/91st (Argyllshire)

1 Dec 1854 The 91st received orders to leave Ireland and embark for Malta.

1855 1st/91st (Argyllshire)

Malta 11 Jan 1855 591 men, 36 wives and 48 children arrived from Cork.

Malta 20 Mar 1855 The 91st embarked for Athens to relieve the 3rd Buffs at Piraeus.

The following were buried at Malta in 1855:

  1. 6 February William Lyons aged 8 months, son of William Lyons 91st Regiment.
  2. 17 February Pte James Cooke aged 19 years.

1856 1st/91st (Argyllshire)

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's)

1st Argylls
TNA:WO 379/15 Troop Movements 1900-1920. (Courtesy of R Sellstrom BEM)
Donkey polo at the Marsa sports ground (91st Highlanders 1910). (Main Guard Valletta)
John Mercer
10725 Pte Mercer John E Coy drowned at Pembroke Camp 11 Mar 1910 aged 20 yrs 11 mths. (Pembroke Military Cemetery)

1909 1st/Princess Louise (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)

Malta 23 Sept 1909 The 1st Battalion embarked at Southampton from Chatham on the Soudan on 15 September. It disembarked at Malta on 23 September 1909.

1910 1st/Princess Louise (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)

1911 1st/Princess Louise (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)

Malta 1911 The battalion was at Mtarfa Barracks.

Malta 13 Apr 1911 The battalion trooped the King's Colour on the Floriana parade ground in front of the Governor and Commander-in-Chief Sir Leslie Rundle.

1912 1st/Princess Louise (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders)

Malta 18 Jan 1912 The battalion moved from Mtarfa Barracks to St Andrew's Barracks.

Malta 29 Nov 1912 The 1st/Princess Louise (Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders) embarked on the Dongola for Dinapore. It arrived at Bombay on 13 December 1912.


  1. Famous Units. The National Army Museum. Available from http://www.nam.ac.uk/research/famous-units.
  2. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  3. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  4. TNA:WO 379/15. Stations of Regiments 1901–1920.
  5. TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.