Regiments
Of the Malta Garrison
The 72nd
(Duke of Albany's
Own Highlanders)

The 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders)

The 72nd Regiment of Foot was raised in 1778 by Kenneth Mackenzie, Earl of Seaforth, as the 78th Highland Regiment (Lord Seaforth's Highlanders). In 1786 it was renumbered 72nd Highland Regiment.

In 1809 the regiment ceased to be a Highland Regiment, but regained its Highland dress and status in 1823 when its title changed to The 72nd, The Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders. Frederick Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, was younger brother to King George IV and Commander-in-Chief of the British Army.

In March 1836, the regiment was granted permission to bear on its Colours the words Cape of Good Hope to commemorate the capture of the Dutch Cape Colony on 8 January 1806.

On 1 July 1881, the 72nd united with the 78th (Highlanders) Regiment (The Ross-shire Buffs) to become The 1st Battalion The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's). Both battalions having been raised by Earls Seaforth, the 1st in 1778 and the 2nd in 1793.

On 7 February 1961, The Seaforth Highlanders amalgamated with the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders to form the Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons).

The 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders) Regiment

1854 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders)

1 Dec 1854 The 72nd embarked at Ireland.

1855 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders)

5 Jan 1855 The 72nd Regiment with 520 men, 37 women and 38 children, arrived from Queenstown (Cobh) Cork, on board the Neptune after a passage of 21 days. The men were quartered at Floriana Barracks.

16 Jan The Neptune returned to England with invalids

22 May The Highlanders embarked for the Crimea. The regiment arrived in June and was affected by cholera, which had flared up in April 1855.

The 72nd fought with the Highland Brigade at Sevastopol during the Crimean War (1854–56).

1856 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders)

1881 — 72nd (Duke of Albany's Own Highlanders)

On 1 July 1881, The 72nd became The 1st Battalion Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, the Duke of Albany's) Regiment.

Bibliography