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Regiments of the Malta Garrison
64th (2nd Staffordshire)

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The 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot

Staffordshire Regiment
The Prince of Wales's North Staffordshire Regt. The Battle honours other than China and Punjaub belong to the 1st/Bn. The regimental badges belong to the 2nd/Bn. These are: The Prince of Wales's Plume in memory of the visit to Malta in 1876 and the Dragon for the China Wars of 1842. The Stafford Knot was the badge of the De Stafford family which has been incorporated into the Arms of Staffordshire and Stafford. (Main Guard Valletta)

The 64th Regiment of Foot was derived from the 2nd/11th Regiment of Foot. The 2nd Battalion was raised in 1756 at the onset of the Seven Years War with France, but two years later became an independent regiment as the 64th Regiment of Foot.

In 1782 it was granted its county affiliation with Staffordshire.

In 1856 the 64th served in the Persian Gulf region in suppressing piracy. The honours Reshire, Bushire, Koosh-ab refer to their service in Persia.

On 1 July 1881, The 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment merged with the 98th Regiment of Foot to form the 1st Battalion of The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire) Regiment. The 98th Foot becoming the 2nd Battalion.

In 1920 the title The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment) was altered to The North Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's).

On 31 January 1959, The North Staffordshire (Prince of Wales's) Regiment merged with The South Staffordshire Regiment to form The Staffordshire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's).

The 64th (2nd Staffordshire) Regiment of Foot

1867 64th Foot

memorial 64th regiment
The obelisk to the 64th originally stood on the Floriana Granaries where it was surrounded by a railing. It was subsequently relocated to Pieta' Military Cemetery.
Memorial to 64th Regiment
Memorial 64th Foot.
Surgeon Francis Odell died 19 Aug 1870.
Sgt-Maj G. York died 15 May 1869.
Drum-Maj J. Easom died 12 Mar 1868.
(Pieta' Military Cemetery)

20 Feb 1867 The 64th embarked at Kingston from Templemore Ireland on 4 February 1867. It disembarked at Malta on 20 Feb and relieved the 84th Foot which was ordered to the West Indies.

In 1867, the regiment had an average strength of 533 men. There were 559 hospital admissions (1048.8 admissions per 1000 of mean strength) with 7 deaths in hospital and 3 out of hospital (18.76 deaths per 1000 of mean strength).

Continued fevers prevailed to a great extent from June to September. The 64th Regiment had 186 cases of continued fevers with 3 deaths.

The 64th Regiment was quartered at Fort Ricasoli, Fort St Salvatore and Zabbar Gate Barracks.

Spasmodic cholera broke out in Malta between September and November 1867; the 14th Regiment bearing its brunt. One severe case of cholera occurred in the 64th Foot at Zabbar Gate Barracks. There were in total 22 deaths from cholera among the men in the garrison and 6 from choleraic diarrhoea, all the latter occurring in September. The distribution of the deaths were: 15 in Sept, 5 in Oct and 2 in Nov. Among the women, the average number of which was 551, there were six cases of cholera and 4 deaths. There were 9 deaths among the 880 children in the garrison.

1868 64th Foot

Malta 1868 The 64th occupied Fort Ricasoli and Zabbar Gate Barracks. From June to September, the regiment had 103 admissions for continued fevers, with 2 deaths.

The average annual strength in 1868 was 717 men. There were 565 admissions into hospital (788/1000 mean strength) with 14 deaths in hospital, 3 out of hospital and 1 among the invalids (25.10/1000 mean strength).

1869 64th Foot

Barracks Occupied by 64th Regiment in 1869
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers Deaths
Table 1: Barracks occupied by the 64th showing the average strength, number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied.
Lower St Elmo 408 80 19.60 1
Fort Manoel 144 4 2.77 0
Floriana 351 4 1.11 0
Notre Dame Huts 38 0 0 0
64th
TNA:WO 379/11 Movements of 64th Regt. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)
Horn Work
The fortifications of the land front of Valletta and Floriana showing the Horn Work with its Crown Work defending the approaches to Floriana (TNA:MPH 1/889).

Malta 23 Apr–22 Sept 1869 A detachment of the 64th Regiment was at Fort Manoel and Marsamxetto Barracks. It moved to Floriana Barracks on 22 September.

Malta 23 Sept–31 Dec 1869 Head Quarters Coy 64th Regiment was at Lower St Elmo Barracks, Floriana Barracks and Notre Dame huts. A proportion of the troops at Lower St Elmo Barracks slept under canvas to reduce overcrowding. Surgeon Francis Odell described the quarters at Lower St Elmo as dark and gloomy, and totally unsuitable as accommodation for the troops.

Floriana Barracks were somewhat better, in that it was located outside the town, but the barracks consisted of a series of large casemates, 80 feet in length, with a door and two windows at one end, and a window at the other. The rooms were numbered 1 to 12, and held between 46 to 54 men per room.

Families were confined to the Horn Works of Floriana and Notre Dame Ravelin. Their quarters were uncomfortable, consisting of wooden huts which were hot in summer and cold and damp in winter.

Simple Continued Fever gave rise to 98 admissions and one death in 1869. The great majority of fever cases was the ordinary, self limiting Maltese Fever, the result of sand-fly fever.

64th Regiment – 1 January to 31 December 1869
Month Strength 1st day of the month Hospital Admissions Total
Deaths
Table 2: Regimental strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. (TNA:WO 334/62)
January 670 30 1
February 664 26 0
March 664 35 2
April 658 20 1
May 657 34 1
June 655 26 2
July 626 30 0
August 625 31 0
September 622 9 1
October 621 24 1
November 602 18 0
December 603 12 0
Diphtheria
Effie daughter of Lt Col William J. Chads 64th Regt and Louise Du Caurroy born 29 Aug 1866 died of diphtheria 12 Dec 1869.
(Ta' Braxia Cemetery)

The average annual strength in 1869 was 639 men. There were 295 admissions into hospital; 8 died in hospital; 1 died out of hospital; 1 death among the invalids. The ratio per 1000 strength of those admitted was 461.7 and for deaths 15.65.

  • Pte Sherlock P. aged 38 years died on 5 Jan 1869 from hepatitis.
  • Pte Milliken W. aged 29 years died on 5 Mar 1869 from delirium tremens.
  • Sgt McLoughlin J. aged 42 years died on 30 Mar 1869 from haematemesis.
  • Pte Sadler R. aged 32 years died on 15 Apr 1869 from simple continued fever.
  • Sgt-Maj Yorke G. aged 33 years on 15 May 1869 from delirium tremens.
  • Pte Haskett M. aged 41 years on 8 June 1869 from an aneurysm of the aorta.
  • Pte Harris H. aged 28 years died at St Michael's Guard on 25 June 1869 from an aneurysm of the left bronchial artery.
  • LCpl Harwood A., aged 23 years died on 5 Sept 1869 from a fractured skull.
  • Pte Bunting W., aged 42 years died on 4 Oct 1869 from apoplexy.

1870 64th Foot

Barracks Occupied by 64th Regiment in 1870
Barracks Average Strength Fever Admissions Percentage Sick Soldiers Remarks
Table 3: Barracks occupied by the 64th showing the average strength, number of hospital admissions from fever, and the percentage of sick soldiers during the period each barrack was occupied.
Floriana 464 61 13.14 Head Quarters from 1 Jan to 6 Oct
Notre Dame Huts 45 2 4.44 From 1 Jan to 6 Oct
Isola Gate 142 7 4.92 Head Quarters from 6 Oct from 31 Dec
Polverista Gate 160 4 2.50 Detachment from 6 Oct to 31 Dec
San Francesco di Paolo 107 2 1.86 Detachment from 6 Oct to 31 Dec

Polverista Gate Barracks was situated in the outer line of the fortifications. It consisted of long casemated rooms with a door and window at one end, and one embrasure or smaller opening at the other. The rooms lay side by side, each opening on to a long continuous veranda. The barracks had no baths for the soldiers to cleanse themselves.

64th Regiment – 1 January to 31 December 1870
Month Strength 1st day of the month Hospital Admissions Total
Deaths
Table 4: Regimental strength on the first day of the month, showing number of admissions to hospital per month, and the number of deaths recorded. (TNA:WO 334/77)
January 594 11 1
February 629 19 0
March 628 18 0
April 628 15 0
May 609 16 0
June 597 33 0
July 600 46 2
August 596 45 1
September 595 40 2
October 592 19 0
November 577 21 0
December 576 12 0
Floriana Barracks
Floriana Barracks sandwiched between the Civil Hospital and the Ospizio.
(TNA:WO 78/2459)
Floriana Barracks
Plan of Floriana Barracks (TNA:MFQ 1/330).

The average strength of the regiment in 1870 was 602 men. There were 295 admissions into hospital (490/1000 mean strength), with six deaths in hospital and 1 among the invalids (11.63 deaths/1000 mean strength). Most of the sick fell ill during the hot summer months. Of the six deaths, five took place during July, August, and September, with only one death in January. The most common disease was Common Continued Fever, of which there were 83 cases in the hospital. Many were of an ephemeral nature, blamed by the surgeon to changes of temperature and irregularities of diet. Eleven cases of rheumatism were treated, one of which was invalided to England. Over twenty men were admitted into hospital as a result of excessive drinking; of these two had Delirium Tremens. The regimental hospital was opened in Lower Vittoriosa Hospital. This was two private dwellings which had been converted for the reception of the sick.

The average number constantly sick during the year was 24.27 per 1000 strength; the ratio of deaths to 1000 strength was 9.96 per annum. Twenty-three soldiers were invalided to England.

The following soldiers died during 1870:

  • Surgeon Francis Odell, aged 39 years died on 19 August 1870 after a few hours illness from ulceration and perforation of the duodenum.
  • Sgt McKenzie J. aged 43 years died on 30 January 1870 from pneumonia.
  • Pte Thomas R. aged 41 years died on 18 July 1870 from an abscess of the liver.
  • LCpl Brown G. aged 30 years died on 19 July 1870 from an abscess of the liver.
  • Pte Hempson J. aged 27 years died on 7 August 1870 from Common Continued Fever.
  • Pte Richards H. aged 23 years died on 15 September 1870 from jaundice.
  • Pte Doyle J. aged 31 years, died at Citta Vecchia Sanatorium on 22 September 1870 from hypertrophy of the heart.

1871 64th Foot

W Elliott
Pte W. Elliott born 28 Apr 1820, died 25 Nov 1871 aged 42 yrs 7 mths
(St Lawrence Cemetery Vittoriosa)

The 64th Regiment had an average strength of 609 men. There were 452 admissions into hospital (742/1000 mean strength), with 8 deaths in hospital and 1 among the invalids (14.78/1000 mean strength).

The 64th Regiment was at at Isola Gate Barracks with detachments at San Francisco Barracks and Polverista Gate Barracks.

It had a high incidence of admissions from continued fevers.

1872 64th Foot

In 1872, the 64th had an average strength of 123 men. It had 56 admissions (455/1000 mean strength) into hospital with no deaths.

The 64th embarked for Queenstown on 16 Mar 1872. It disembarked on 29 Mar and on the same day marched to Limerick.

The 1st Battalion The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment)

1893 1st/The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire)

The 1st/North Staffordshire Regiment embarked at Mauritius on 22 Mar 1893. It disembarked at Malta on 8 May.

It had an average strength of 631 men. It had 784 admissions (1242.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (9.51/1000 mean strength). 35 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 47.34 (75.02/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 27.38 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.04 days.

The 1st/North Staffordshire Regiment was quartered at Isola Gate for 7 months and Verdala Barracks for 2 months.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1893:

  1. 17 June Gladys Pearl Augusta Lees aged 9 months, daughter of Sgt Lees, died at Cottonera.
  2. 10 July Selina Maud Goodhead aged 3 years, daughter of Sgt Goodhead, died at Cottonera.
  3. 11 July CSgt John William Shaftain aged 29 years, died at Cottonera.
  4. 28 July Pte George Master aged 21 years, died at Cottonera.
  5. 14 August Pte George Adams aged 19 years, died at Cottonera.
  6. 7 December Pte Charles Manders aged 25 years, died at Cottonera.

1894 1st/The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire)

The 1st/North Staffordshire Regiment had an average strength of 972 men. It had 542 admissions (557.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 8 deaths (8.23/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 39.91 (41.06/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.98 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.87 days.

The 1st/North Staffordshire Regiment was quartered at Verdala Barracks for 12 months.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1894:

  1. 29 May Sgt William Meeson died at Cottonera.
  2. 20 June Pte John Harley aged 21 years, died at Cottonera.
  3. 27 June Pte Ernest Smith aged 23 years, died at Cottonera.
  4. 3 July Pte Albert Brayford aged 22 years, died at Cottonera.
  5. 8 October Ernest O'Connell aged 10 hours, son of Sergeant died at Cottonera.
  6. 14 November Frederick Peach aged 29 years died at Cottonera.
  7. 8 December Mabel Henrietta Hovers aged 2 years 6 months, daughter of SSgt died at Cottonera.
  8. 9 December Pte Richard Mason aged 22 years, died at Cottonera.
  9. 9 December Edward Brereton aged 27 years, died at Cottonera.
  10. 24 December Gladys Tugman aged 11 months, daughter of CSgt died at Cottonera.
  11. 27 December Pte Joseph James Vigrass aged 20 years 7 months, daughter of Private died at Cottonera.

1895 1st/The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire)

Ralph Till
Pte Ralph Till C Coy 1st Bn died 30 June 1895 aged 27 yrs. (Pieta' Military Cemetery)

The 1st/North Staffordshire Regiment had an average strength of 876 men. It had 408 admissions (465.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.57/1000 mean strength). 7 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 28.48 (32.51/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.87 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.48 days.

The 1st/North Staffordshire Regiment was quartered at Verdala Barracks for 1 month and Lower St Elmo Barracks for 3 months. It embarked for Egypt on 5 Oct 1895 where it arrived on 11 October.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1895:

  1. 5 February Pte William Richard Wingrove aged 20 years, died at Cottonera.
  2. 5 September Pte John Mate aged 20 years died at Fort St Angelo.
  3. 6 September Pte Charles Fowler aged 26 years died at Fort St Angelo.

1896 1st/The Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire)

The 1st/North Staffordshire Regiment left 2 men in Malta on their departure for Egypt.

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  4. TNA:WO 334/62, Army Medical Department Sick Returns and Reports Infantry Regiments and Hospitals abroad (1 Jan 1869 – 31 July 1870).
  5. TNA:WO 334/77, Army Medical Department Sick Returns and Reports Infantry Regiments and Hospitals abroad (1 Jan 1870 – 31 Dec 1870).
  6. TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.