RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
61st (South Gloucestershire)

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The 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment

The 61st Regiment of Foot was derived from the 2nd/3rd Regiment of Foot. The 2nd Battalion was raised in 1756, but two years later became an independent regiment as the 61st Regiment of Foot.

In 1782, the 61st gained its territorial affiliation with South Gloucestershire to become The 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment.

On 1 July 1881, it amalgamated with the 28th (North Gloucestershire) Regiment to become the second Battalion of the Gloucestershire Regiment.

The First Battalion The 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment

1803 1st/61st (South Gloucestershire)

May 1803 The 1st/61st Foot arrived from Egypt. It replaced the 13th (1st Somersetshire) Regiment. The regiment had 708 men.

1804 1st/61st (South Gloucestershire) (Hewett's Regiment)

Malta 1 Sept 1804 Strength: 30 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 76 NCOs, 667 rank and file fit for duty, 64 rank and file sick, 847 total officers and men, 1116 establishment.

Malta 1804 A trial of a soldier of the 61st for murder, resulted in a dispute between the Civil and Military authorities as to who had jurisdiction over him.

1805 1st/61st (South Gloucestershire) (Hewett's Regiment

Malta 1 July 1805 Strength: 28 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 76 NCOs, 1045 rank and file fit for duty, 58 rank and file sick, 1219 total officers and men, 1116 establishment.

Malta 1 Aug 1805 Strength: 31 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 76 NCOs, 1084 rank and file fit for duty, 28 rank and file sick, 1228 total officers and men, 1116 establishment.

Sick Returns 1st/61st Regiment – 1805
Date Rank and File
Fit for Duty
Sick Total
Officers and Men
Table 2: Sick Returns 1st/61st Regiment – 1805
1 August 1805 1084 28 1228
1 November 1805 1045 58 1219

Malta 14 Aug 1805 Strength: 740 men of whom 54 sick.

Malta 3 Nov 1805 The 1st/61st embarked on Gen Sir John Craig's Expedition to Naples.

The First Battalion The 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment

Robert Tierney
Pte Robert Tierney G Coy aged 26 yrs drowned on 22 Sept 1878. (Pieta' Military Cemetery)
Memorial 61st
Pte A. Bendell aged 19 yrs died on 21 May 1878.
Pte C. Hart aged 22 yrs died on 18 July.
Pte F. Humphries aged 22 yrs died on 26 July.
Pte J. Murphy aged 19 yrs died on 8 Aug.
Pte J. Stone C Coy aged 21 yrs died on 5 Jan. (Pieta' Military Cemetery)

1878 1st/61st (South Gloucestershire)

The 1st/61st Foot embarked at Portsmouth from Dover on 9 February. It disembarked at Malta on 20 February 1878.

The 61st Foot had an average strength of 680 men. It had 694 admissions (1020.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 11 deaths (16.18 deaths/1000 mean strength). 35 invalids were returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 39.10 (57.37/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.99 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.56 days.

The 1st/61st had a large number of admissions from febricula and simple continued fevers.

1879 1st/61st (South Gloucestershire)

The 61st Regiment had an average strength of 673 men. It had 549 admissions (815.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (4.46/1000 mean strength). 25 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 30.16 (44.81/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.36 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.05 days. Four men drowned during the year.

1880 61st (South Gloucestershire)

The 61st Foot had an average strength of 407 men. It had 322 admissions (791.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (7.37 deaths/1000 mean strength). 8 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 19.51 (47.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.54 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.18 days.

Malta 19 Aug – 1 Sept 1880 The 61st (South Gloucestershire) Regiment left for Bombay.

Reinforcements were rushed to India following Brigadier-General Burrow's disaster in Southern Afghanistan. Among the regiments dispatched were the 98th and 61st Regiments which were both stationed at Malta. On arriving at Bombay the men of the 61st began to suffer severely from fever.1 The troops were removed to Quetta for the recovery of their health, where "in the fine bracing climate of that station, they rapidly assumed their previously healthy condition".2

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  4. TNA:WO 379/15. Stations of Regiments 1901–1920.
  5. 1Military and Naval Medical Services. Br Med J (1882) 359, (Published 11 Mar 1882).
  6. 2Quill R. H., Remarks on the movement of troops. Br Med J (1882), 1; 1106, 359 (Published 11 Mar 1882).