RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
57th (West Middlesex) Regiment

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The 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment

Introduction

The 57th Regiment of Foot was raised in 1755 as the 59th Foot. The following year it was renumbered 57th Foot when the 50th and 51st Regiments were disbanded.

In 1782 the regiment was given its county association with West Middlesex to become The 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment.

On 1 July 1881, the 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment amalgamated with the 77th (East Middlesex) Regiment (The Duke of Cambridge's Own) to form The Duke of Cambridge's Own (Middlesex Regiment).

The 57th (West Middlesex) Regiment

1855 57th (West Middlesex)

12 July 1855 Burial of Pte James Tilby 57th Regiment aged 26 years.

1856 57th (West Middlesex)

28 May 1856 The 57th Regiment embarked at the Crimea and arrived in Malta on 2 June 1856. It had 734 men.

The following were buried in 1856:

  • 19 Jan Pte William Haynes 57th Regiment aged 37 years.
  • 27 May Lt John Nixon Gooch Macartney aged 20 years, died at his quarters at Verdala Barracks, Cottonera on Sunday 27 May 1856.
  • 21 Aug Sgt James Lock aged 28 years.

The following were married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1856:

  • 11 Sep Bachelor CSgt John Coughlan to Anne Batt, spinster, of Royston Hertfordshire.
  • 11 Sep Bachelor Paymaster Sgt James Batten to Margaret McCrea, widow.

1857 57th (West Middlesex)

1857 The men were at Verdala Barracks. Battalion strength (1 Mar 1857) was 774 men.

June 1857 In 1856–57, an epidemic of ophthalmia broke out in regiments stationed in Malta. The 14th Foot had 226 cases of ophthalmia out of a strength of 828 men. The 57th Foot had 198 cases, of which 30 were relapses. The troops went down with ophthalmia at Balaclava and Kimburn in 1855–56. Married soldiers were virtually not infected while women and children only had a mild form of conjunctivitis. Three married men who had been previously healthy became infected after sleeping in a tent in which were two men affected with ophthalmia.

18 Mar There was a riotous disturbances in Senglea, when the military piquets drew their bayonets upon the police constabulary. Pt James Evans 57th Regt was sentenced to 45 days custody for running a bayonet through the shirt of constable Antonio Busuttil.

The following were baptised in 1857:

  • 14 June Elizabeth Jane Gardiner, daughter of Elizabeth and CSgt George Gardiner.
  • 28 June Alfred Battea, son of Margaret and Pay Master Sgt James Battea.
  • 2 July John Thomas Parker born 28 June, son of Catharine and Sgt James Parker was baptised privately. He was received into the church on 2 August.
  • 24 July Maude Mary Logan, daughter of Annie and Maj Robert Logan.
  • 30 Aug Hannah Hill, daughter of Sarah Anne and Hospital Sgt James Hill.
  • 9 Sep Joseph Brown born 13 August 1857, son of Bridget and Pte Joseph Brown.
  • 16 Sep Charles Edmund Waugh born 31 May 1857, son of Catharine and Lt and Adjutant George Rowland Waugh.
  • 16 Sep Joseph Charlton born 31 August 1857, son of Ellen and Sgt George Charlton.
  • 30 Sep Sarah Eliza Dexter born 29 August 1857, daughter of Mary and Pte George Dexter.
  • 24 Sep Sarah Jane Ansford born 15 September 1857, daughter of Mary and Pte Ansford.
  • 21 Oct Thomas James Jarman born 19 September 1857, daughter of Mary and Pte John Jarman.
  • 28 Oct Isabel Gertrude Mathews born 12 September 1857, daughter of Frances Amelia and Paymaster Mark Mathews.
  • 9 Dec Susanna Barden born 24 October 1857, daughter of Susan and Cpl John Barden.
  • 9 Dec Martha Brierley born 14 November 1857, daughter of Catharine and Pte Stephen Brierley.
  • 16 Dec Emma Frances Priscilla Henshaw born 5 December 1857, daughter of Priscilla and Armourer Sgt Stephen Henshaw.

The following were buried in Floriana in 1857:

  • 3 Aug Pte James Forsyth 57th Regiment aged 26 years.
  • 29 Sep Mary Ansford wife of Pte Charles Ansford 57th Regiment aged 29 years (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).
  • 20 Sep No 1782 Pte James Burgess 57th Regiment aged 24 years Knight 5th Class of the French Legion of Honour.
  • 26 Sep Mary Ansford 57th Regiment aged 29 years.
  • 16 Oct Sarah Eliza Dexter aged 48 days, daughter of Pte Dexter.

The following were married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1857:

  • 23 Feb Bachelor Cpl Thomas Briesley born in Essex to Eliza Coughlan spinster, daughter of Pte Edward Coughlan 57th Regiment.
  • 2 Apr Bachelor L/Cpl Thomas Wood to Sophia Archer, spinster daughter of William Archer.
  • 26 Sep Bachelor Sgt Major George Cumming born in Banffshire, Scotland to Catharine Belsom spinster, born in Kilkenny Ireland, daughter of George and Mary Belsom.

1858 57th (West Middlesex)

1 Jan 1858 Strength: Rank and File 570 (Effective), 600 (Established) with two coys in Aden. Together with the 1st/14th Foot and 21st Foot, the eight companies of 57th Foot formed part of 1st Brigade.

The following were buried in Floriana in 1858:

  • 18 Jan Pte John Nicholls 57th Regiment aged 26 years 10 months.
  • 29 Apr Alice Owens aged 26 years.

The following were baptised in 1858:

  • 6 Jan William Henry Morgans born on 11 December 1857, son of Jane and CSgt John Morgans.
  • 6 Jan Caroline Ellen Crawford born on 20 December 1857, daughter of Emily and School Master Sgt James Frederick Crawford 57th Regiment.
  • 10 Feb Thomas William Brisley born 3 December 1857, son of Elizabeth and Cpl Thomas Brisley.
  • 17 Mar Arthur Henry Bosworth born 4 March 1858, son of Eliza and Sgt William Bosworth.

31 Mar In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor CSgt Robert Frazer married Anne Carson, spinster daughter of James Carson 57th Regiment.

11 May 1858 The 57th (West Middlesex) embarked for Bombay following a tour of two years in Malta.

The 2nd/57th The Middlesex Regiment

1913 2nd/Middlesex

June – Nov 1913 The 2nd/Middlesex Regiment arrived from Warley, Essex.

1914 2nd/Middlesex

13 Sep 1914 On 13 Sep, HT Ships Gallicia, Nevasa and Galika arrived at Malta with the Territorial Brigade of the 1st City of London Royal Fusiliers.

15 Sep HT Ships Nevasa and Galika sailed from Malta with the 2nd/West Yorkshire Regiment and the 2nd/Middlesex Regiment.

Bibliography

  • Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  • Cannon J., 1990, The Msida Bastion Cemetery Malta. Bucks Cannon Associates.
  • TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials Sep 1853 to June 1862.
  • TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery Msida 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
  • TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.
  • Death of Lt John N G Macartney 57th The West Middlesex Regiment. The Malta Times and Naval and Military Gazette No 721, Tuesday 9 December 1856.