RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

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The 49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's) Regiment

Berkshire Regiment
The China Dragon with a crown above enclosed within a laurel wreath. Below is the inscription 1st Bn The Royal Berkshire Regiment 1956. (Main Guard Valletta)

The 49th Foot was raised in 1743 as Colonel Edward Trelawny's Regiment of Foot.

In 1751 the regiment was numbered 49 in the infantry's order of precedence. It received its territorial association with Hertfordshire in 1782.

In 1816, the regiment was renamed The 49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's) Regiment, after Princess Charlotte of Wales, daughter of the Prince Regent, later King George IV.

The 49th served as marines at the Battle of Copenhagen on 2 April 1801. It was granted the Battle Honour Copenhagen in February 1819. The China Dragon was granted for service in China during the First Opium War (1839–42).

On 1 July 1881, the 49th amalgamated with the 66th (Berkshire) Regiment to form The Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment).

In 1885, the regiment was granted the Royal title in recognition of its service in the Sudan, and became The Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment).

In 1920, the name changed to The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's).

In 1959, The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) amalgamated with the Wiltshire Regiment (Duke of Edinburgh's), to form The Duke of Edinburgh's Royal Regiment (Berkshire and Wiltshire).

The 49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's) Regiment

1853 1st/49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

Apr 1853 The 1st/49th arrived from Corfu.

Malta 13 Oct 1853 HQ company moved from the Auberge de Castille to the Auberge de Bavarie, with companies transferring from Fort San Salvatore, Fort St Angelo, and Fort Ricasoli to Fort Lower St Elmo Barracks.

The following were buried at Malta in 1853:

  1. 2 September Pte William Harn 49th Foot aged 27 years.
  2. 29 October John Brind aged 1 year 10 months, son of Pte Richard Brind.

1854 1st/49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

Malta Mar 1854 The regiment marched from the Auberge Bavarie to Fort Ricasoli, and Lower St Elmo vice the 3rd (Buffs). It had 519 men fit for duty.

Malta 9 Apr The 1st/49th embarked on the transport Hope for Turkey.

Malta 11 Apr 1854 130 men of the 1st/49th embarked on the transport Sultan for Turkey. It was present at Alma (1854), Inkerman (1854) and Sevastopol (1855).
It moved to Barbados in 1857.

Nov 1854 In Nov 1854, the regiment had 18 officers and 678 men serving in the Crimea. Of the 201 admissions into the hospital, 107 were from gunshot wounds. The men had diarrhoea; there were 3 deaths from cholera.

The following was buried at Malta in 1854:

  1. 1 January Elizabeth Browne aged 1 year 10 months, daughter of Sgt Alexander Browne.

The following was married in Malta in 1854:

  1. 14 February In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta Bachelor Sgt Moses Rogers of Winchester in the County of Hampshire to Anne Williams, spinster also of Winchester.

1855 1st/49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

The following were buried at Malta in 1855:

  1. 4 August Sgt George Fennell 49th Regiment.
  2. 30 September Pte Edward Casey aged 18 years.

1856 1st/49th (Hertfordshire–The Princess of Wales's)

The 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment)

1882 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment embarked at Gibraltar on 8 July 1882 and disembarked at Malta on 18 July 1882. It deployed to Egypt on 23 July 1882.

The 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Berkshire Regiment)

1886 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment)

49th
TNA:WO 379/11 Movements of 49th Regt. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)

25 May 1886 Half a battalion, (310 men), returned from Egypt (Suakin Expedition).

June 1886 Half a battalion (4 coys) was in Cyprus.

The 1st/Berkshire Regiment arrived from Egypt on 25 May 1886. It was stationed in Pembroke Camp for 7 months.

It had an average strength of 164 men. It had 89 admissions (542.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with no deaths. Its average constantly sick was 4.45 (27.13/1000 mean strength).

The average sick time to each soldier was 9.90 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.25 days.

1887 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment (Half Battalion) had an average strength of 397 men.

It had 152 admissions (382.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (7.55/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 12.12 (30.52/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.14 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.10 days.

The half battalion was quartered at Fort Ricasoli.

1888 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire Regiment)

HQ Coy and half a battalion embarked at Cyprus on 3 Feb 1888 and disembarked at Malta on 9 February.

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 790 men (8 coys). It had 5 admissions (449.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (5.06/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 23.19 (29.35/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.74 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.90 days.

The battalion was quartered in Cottonera and Forrest Hospital.

1889 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 857 men (8 coys). It had 361 admissions (421.2/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 6 deaths (7.0/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 23.41 (27.32/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.97 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.66 days.

The battalion was at Fort Ricasoli for 7 and a half months and at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 4 and a half months. It had detachments at Pembroke Camp.

Pte John Andrews drowned following an altercation with a boatman who had ferried him across the Grand Harbour to Fort Ricasoli. Subsequently, scuffles broke out between soldiers from the fort and the local inhabitants.

1890 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

Marsamxetto
Marsamxetto Barracks Valletta

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 875 men. It had 374 admissions (427.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.57/1000 mean strength). 16 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 25.89 (29.59/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.80 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.27 days.

The battalion was at Marsamxetto Barracks and Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months with detachments at Pembroke Camp for 9 months.

1891 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

Frank Bookham
Sgt Frank Bookham A Coy died 31 Jan 1891 aged 25 yrs. (Ta' Braxia Cemetery)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 995 men.

It had 678 admissions (681.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 7 deaths (7.03/1000 mean strength). 20 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 44.67 (44.80/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.30 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.05 days.

The battalion was quartered at Marsamxetto Barracks and Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

  1. 22 September F Griffiths aged 19 years, died at Cottonera.

1892 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

Francis Bacon Russell Hemphill
Major Francis Bacon Russell Hemphill born Dublin 13 May 1854 died 7 June 1891. Was the son of Mr Sergeant Hemphil QC and Augusta Mary Hemphill nee Stanhope.
(Ta' Braxia Cemetery)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 1004 men.

It had 540 admissions (546.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 11 deaths (10.96/1000 mean strength). 9 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 37.17 (37.02/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.55 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.78 days.

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months. It had detachments at Fort Mosta and Fort St Angelo.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1892:

  1. 20 November A West aged 26 years, died at Cottonera.
  2. 10 December Ernest Alfred Chapman aged 3 months, died at Fort St Angelo.
  3. 22 December C Marsh aged 26 years, died at Fort St Angelo.
  4. 27 December C Christell aged 24 years, died at Fort St Angelo.
  5. 31 December G H Martin aged 24 years, died at Verdala Barracks.

1893 1st/Princess Charlotte of Wales's (Royal Berkshire)

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment had an average strength of 173 men. It had 141 admissions (815/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 9 deaths (52.02/1000 mean strength). 9 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 13.70 (79.19/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 28.00 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 35.46 days.

The 1st/Royal Berkshire Regiment was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 2 months. It embarked for Bermuda 4 Mar 1893, where it arrived on 19 March 1893.

1st/The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's)

1956 1st/The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's)

Aug 1956 The 1st/The Royal Berkshire Regiment arrived from England.

Malta Oct 1956 The 1st/The Royal Berkshire Regiment left for Nicosia, Cyprus.

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. Wickes, H. L, 1974. Regiments of Foot Southampton Osprey Ltd, 14.
  4. TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  5. TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.
  6. TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  7. TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.