RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
36th (Herefordshire)

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The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

The 36th Regiment was raised in Ireland in 1701 by William Caulfeild 2nd Viscount Charlemont.

It was numbered 36th Foot in 1751, to which the title Herefordshire was added in 1782.

On 1 July 1881, the 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment amalgamated with the 29th (Worcestershire) Regiment to form the Worcestershire Regiment. The motto Firm is that of the 36th Foot.

In 1920, The Worcestershire Regiment linked with the Sherwood Foresters Regiment to form the Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (29th/45th Foot).

The 1st Battalion The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

1817 36th (Herefordshire)

27 Sept 1817 778 men of the 36th Regiment arrived from Portsmouth.

1818 36th (Herefordshire)

Malta 1818 Strength: 799 men.

Pte John Chadwick Light Coy 36th Regiment died Feb 1818. (Military and Civil Cemetery Floriana).

1819 36th (Herefordshire)

Malta 21 June–20 Dec 1819 The regiment had a total of 34 officers, 701 men, 84 women and 119 children on its strength during this period. 13 officers, 30 women and 50 children were admitted to hospital. There were no deaths among the officers and women, but seven children died during this reporting period. A detachment was on command at Gozo.

Monthly abstract of admissions and deaths 36th Regiment
From 21 June to 20 December 1819
Month Acute Diseases
Adm/Dths
Chronic Diseases
Adm/Dths
Surgical Diseases
Adm/Dths
Total Admissions/Deaths
Table 1: Monthly abstract of Admissions and Deaths 36th Regiment for the period 21 June to 20 December 1819 (TNA:WO 334/1)
July 29/0 1/0 15/0 45/0
August 31/2 4/0 28/0 63/2
September 25/0 5/0 23/0 53/0
October 25/1 3/0 21/0 49/1
November 19/1 4/1 25/0 48/2
December 8/2 4/0 18/0 30/2
TOTAL 137/6 21/1 130/0 288/7

Between June to December 1819, the average number of sick soldiers was 25 a day. The proportion of sick to healthy was 1 in 28. The regimental surgeon listed the prevailing diseases as: Febris Continua Communis (59 cases), Ophthalmia (13 cases), Pneumonia (7 cases), Acute Hepatitis (15 cases), Chronic Hepatitis, Dysentery (14 cases), Diarrhoea (2), Syphilis, Gonorrhoea (18 cases), and Hernia Humoralis (7 cases).

Simple Continued Fever accounted for 59 admissions with 1 death. The number of fever cases decreased during the last three months of the year. Patients were bled "according to the vigour and urgency of the symptoms".1 In addition they were loaded with purgatives, diaphoretics, and diluents. Their surgeon reported that a careful administration of these remedies has seldom failed in lessening the violence of the arterial action, restoring the regularity of the bowels, and re-establishing the functions of the skin.1 Headaches accompanying the fever were treated by the use of the lancet to the temporal arteries, attaching leeches to the head, or by the cold applications to the head. It was no wonder that many soldiers manifested the greatest reluctance to go into hospital, and consequently not infrequently concealed their complaints until they are compelled by excruciating sufferings or the strong arm of Military Discipline.1

Between June to December 1819, the number of deaths in proportion to diseases was 1 in 45. The recorded deaths were: Pte John Medhurst (Fever), Pte Edward Williams (Acute Hepatitis), Pte John Beggs (Chronic Hepatitis), Pte John Hook (Phthisis), two unknown cases (Dysentery). In addition a soldier was executed (shot) by sentence of a General Court Martial, and another, Pte Joseph Gibbs, drowned while bathing.

The following died in Malta in 1819:

  1. 31 Jan Lt John Charles aged 34 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).
  2. 13 Dec Pte Williamson Light Coy 36th Regiment. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1820 36th (Herefordshire)

Malta Dec 1820 HQ and six companies left Malta for Zante in the Ionian Islands.

The following were married in Malta in 1820:

  1. 29 Apr Widower Sgt James Moxon to Jane Rowles widow of Sgt Edward Rowles 36th Regiment.
  2. 29 Apr Bachelor Sgt Edward Savage to Hannah Baynes widow of Sgt Joseph Baynes 36th Regiment.
  3. 4 May Bachelor Pte James Stove to Maria Sophia Wood, spinster of the Parish of St George Hanover Square, Middlesex.
  4. 25 Oct Bachelor Sgt John Mason to Elizabeth Lloyd, a widow resident in the island of Malta.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1820:

  1. 2 Jan Thomas Kerr son of Pte James and Elizabeth Kerr born on 27 December 1819.
  2. 30 Apr John Warren Feaneley son of Pte Matthew and Sarah Feaneley born on 15 April 1820.
  3. 4 June John Cope son of Pte John and Catharine Cope born on 22 May 1820.
  4. 6 Aug Margaret McFarland daughter of Acting Cpl George McFarland and Margaret, born on 11 July 1820.
  5. 27 Aug Caroline Prigg daughter of Pte William and Mary Prigg, born on 11 August 1820.
  6. 10 Sept Thomas Atkinson son of Pte George and Anne Atkinson, born on 20 August 1820.
  7. 1 Oct Edward Cole son of Sgt Edward and Mary Cole, born on 17 September 1820.
  8. 22 Oct John Dugard son of Pte Barnabas Dugard and Ellen born on 12 October 1820.
  9. 29 Oct Daniel Lucas son of Pte Daniel and Elizabeth Lucas born on 16 October 1820.
  10. 11 Nov George William Roots son of Pte George and Hannah Roots born on 11 November 1820.
  11. 11 Nov Elizabeth Anne Roots daughter of Pte George and Hannah Roots born on 11 November 1820.
  12. 19 Nov Thomas Katley son of Pte Thomas and Rebecca Katley, born on 13 November 1820.
  13. 19 Nov Edward Evans son of Cpl Thomas and Anne Evans, born on 15 November 1820.
  14. 31 Dec Ellen Wasar daughter of Pte William Wasar and Helen, born on 17 December 1820.
  15. 31 Dec Caroline Winn daughter of Pte Thomas and Elizabeth Winn born on 22 December 1820.

The following died in Malta in 1820:

  1. 23 Mar Drm J Smedly 36th Regiment, aged 29 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1821 36th (Herefordshire)

Malta 14 June 1821 A detachment of 227 men, 21 women, and 29 children moved to Cephalonia where they were joined by the companies from Zante. In Nov they relocated to Corfu due to the large number of sick, while their worst cases were sent to Malta to recover.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1821:

  1. 23 May Edward Feaneley son of Pte Matthew Feaneley and Sarah, born on 23 May 1821.
  2. 23 May James Feaneley son of Pte Matthew Feaneley and Sarah, born on 23 May 1821.
  3. 27 July Charles James Skerry son of Ensign John Skerry and Hannah, born on 27 June 1821.
  4. Edward Francis Crosse son of Captain and Brigade Major Joshua Crosse and Sarah Cecilia, previously baptised at Portsmouth May 1817.
  5. John Buston De St Croix Crosse son of Captain and Brigade Major Joshua Crosse and Sarah Cecilia, previously baptised at Portsmouth May 1817.
  6. Frederick Robert Crosse son of Captain and Brigade Major Joshua Crosse and Sarah Cecilia, previously baptised at Portsmouth May 1817.
  7. 2 Sept Robert Smith son of Sgt Robert Smith and Sarah, born on 14 August 1821.
  8. 14 Oct Eliza Cope daughter of Pte John Cope and Catharine, born on 1 October 1821.

1822

Malta 1822 The detachment from Malta joined the main body in Cephalonia.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1822:

  1. 8 Jan William Welch son of Sgt William Welch and Elizabeth, born on 7 January 1822.
  2. 10 Nov Caroline Prigg daughter of Pte William Prigg and Mary, born on 4 November 1822.
  3. 29 Dec Sarah Smith son of Sgt Robert Smith and Sarah, born on 11 December 1822.

1823 36th (Herefordshire)

The following was baptised in Malta in 1823:

  1. 25 May Helen Cope daughter of Pte John Cope and Catharine, born on 10 May 1823.

1824 36th (Herefordshire)

The following were baptised in Malta in 1824:

  1. 15 Feb Maria Smith daughter of Sgt Robert Smith and Sarah, born on 3 Feb 1824 and publicly admitted into the church on 22 February 1824.
  2. 7 May Frances Elizabeth Cope daughter of Pte John Cope and Elizabeth Allman, born on 19 April 1824.

1825 36th (Herefordshire)

The following were baptised in Malta in 1825:

  1. 27 Nov John William Harris Sparr son of Bugler George Sparr and Anne, born on 18 November 1825.
  2. 16 Dec Mary Ann Evans daughter of Cpl Thomas Evans and Ann, born on 14 December 1825.
  3. 16 Dec William Horton son of QM Sgt Thomas Horton and Sarah, born on 7 December 1825.
  4. 16 Dec Thomas William Green son of Pte William Green and Mary Ann, born on 12 October 1825.
  5. 16 Dec William Thomas Midgley son of Sgt Samuel Midgley and Ann, born on 10 October 1825.

1826 36th (Herefordshire)

The following were baptised in Malta in 1826:

  1. 12 Feb Melomina Anna Roberts daughter of Lt and Adjutant John Roberts 36 th Foot and Cecilia, born on 7 January 1826.

The 1st Battalion The 36th (Herefordshire) Regiment

The following was buried at Malta in 1855:

  1. 8 Nov Capt John Rotton 36th Regiment.

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. Wickes, H. L, 1974. Regiments of Foot Southampton Osprey Ltd, 14.
  4. 1TNA:WO 334/1, Half Yearly Returns of the sick of 36th Regiment from 21 June to 20 December 1819.
  5. TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
  6. Cannon J., 1990, The Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Malta. Bucks Cannon Associates.
  7. TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  8. TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Marriage Register 1 January 1820 to 12 June 1839.
  9. TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Baptism Register 2 January 1820 to 29 June 1839.