RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
30th (Cambridgeshire)

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The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment

Introduction

The 30th Foot was raised in 1702 as Colonel Thomas Sanderson's Regiment of Marines.

In 1751 it was numbered 30th in the order of precedence of the infantry. In 1782, it received its county association with Cambridgeshire.

On 14 May 1827, the 30th Foot received royal approval to bear on its Colours the words Peninsula and Waterloo in commemoration of the distinguished conduct of the Second Battalion under Field Marshal the Duke of Wellington.

On 1 July 1881, the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment amalgamated with the 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment to form the East Lancashire Regiment.

On 1st July 1958, the East Lancashire Regiment amalgamated with the South Lancashire Regiment (The Prince of Wales's Volunteers) to form the Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers).

On 27 March 1970, the Lancashire Regiment (Prince of Wales's Volunteers) merged with the Loyal Regiment (North Lancashire), to form the Queen's Lancashire Regiment, (Loyals and Lancashire).

The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment

1799 — 30th (Cambridgeshire)

3 Jan 1799 The 30th Foot embarked at Cork for Minorca. On 22 December 1798, the French had captured Naples and on 25 January 1799, converted the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies into the Parthenopean Republic. To safeguard Sicily, Lieutenant General Charles Stuart, commanding the army in the Mediterranean, moved the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment and the 89th Regiment of Foot from Minorca to Messina.

18 Mar The 30th Foot landed at Messina. It formed part of the garrison under the command of Colonel Thomas Graham.

10 Dec 32 officers, 37 sergeants, 409 men, 20 women and 15 children arrived at Malta from Messina on HMS Culloden. The troops disembarked at St Paul's Bay, and marched into cantonments at Birkirkara. The 30th Foot and 89th Foot reinforced the Maltese insurgents during their blockade of the French troops.

Malta 11 Dec 1799 The 30th Foot under the command of Colonel Robert Manners moved to Zejtun to cover Zabbar and the battery at St Roche, which held the 13 inch mortar from HMS Bomb Vessel Strombolo.

1800 30th (Cambridgeshire)

Malta 1 Jan 1800 Strength: 31 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 460 rank and file fit for duty, 21 rank and file sick, 593 total officers and men, 712 establishment.

An infantry regiment was normally composed of ten companies. Six companies were called the Service Companies and served abroad under the command of their commanding officer. The other four companies were called the Reserve Companies. These stayed at their Depôt in England and were commanded by a senior major. The role of the Reserve Companies was to feed recruits to the Service Companies and to serve in England as a sort of internal police. Officers and men moved between the Service Companies and the Reserve Companies.

From 1799 to 1801 the following companies of the 30th Foot served in Malta: Colonel's Robert Manner's, Lieutenant Colonel Charles Green's, Major Thomas Vincent Reynolds', Captain Philip Vaumorel's, Captain Ralph Smyth's, Captain Freeman Lane's, Captain Alexander Hamilton's, Captain Roger Montgomery's, Captain Benjamin Roche's, Captain John Collins' Coy which became Captain Christopher Maxwell's Coy on the resignation of Captain Collins in December 1799 and Captain John Douglas's Coy.

The Colonel's Company held the HQ staff consisting of a major, an adjutant, a paymaster, a quartermaster, a surgeon and an assistant surgeon, 1 sergeant major, 1 quartermaster sergeant, 1 paymaster sergeant, 4 sergeants, 4 corporals.

Table I Coy strength in Malta 25 November to 24 December 1799
Coy Lt Col Maj Capt Lt Ensign Sgt Cpl Drm Pte
Manner 1 0 2 2 2 4 3 2 36
Green 0 0 0 2 0 3 3 2 35
Reynold 0 0 0 1 1 4 2 1 37
Vaumorel 0 0 1 3 0 3 3 3 48
Smyth 0 0 1 1 1 3 2 0 37
Lane 0 0 0 0 1 3 2 1 39
Hamilton 0 0 1 2 0 4 3 2 44
Montgomery 0 0 0 1 1 4 2 1 33
Roche 0 0 1 1 1 3 3 1 34
Collins 0 0 1 2 1 3 3 2 34
Total 1 0 7 15 8 34 26 15 377
Table I Strength of 1st/30th Regiment of Foot in Malta from 25 November 1799 to 24 December 1799. Only five sick soldiers were recorded during this period (TNA:WO 12/4565).

The following died or deserted in Malta in 1800:

In January 1800, Lt Archibald Campbell Colonel's Coy 30th Foot, served as an assistant engineer in Malta during the blockade of the French garrison and Captain Alexander Hamilton became Brigade Major.

In April 1800, Lt Philip R Bulkeley (Green's Coy) Lt William E Fitzthomas (Reynold's Coy), Ensign Peter Dumas (Smyth's Coy), Sergeant Major Peter Wallace (Colonel's Coy) and Cpl Charles Wharton (Vaumorel's Coy) took over duties with the newly formed Maltese Corps. In July, Captain Richard G Hare (Colonel's Coy) was also listed as doing duty with the Maltese Corps.

Malta 25 Nov–24 Dec Sgt George Flowers (Reynolds' Coy) was appointed steward of the General Hospital, Valletta. his pay was £1 12s 11d a month.

Malta 26 Nov The 30th and the 89th were ordered to prepare for immediate service and ceased to form part of the Malta garrison.

Malta 17 Dec 1800 The 30th embarked for Egypt under General Sir Ralph Abercrombie. Their sick were left in the General hospital Valletta.

1801 30th (Cambridgeshire)

1801 The regimental sick were admitted to the General Hospital in Rhodes.

25 Mar–24 Apr Sgt Robert Thompson (colonel's Coy) was listed as being on duty with the Maltese Corps. Lt Samuel Bircham (Montgomery's Coy) was an acting Captain with the Maltese Corps.

Malta 11 Oct The 30th returned to Malta from Egypt and formed part of the Malta garrison.

Malta 1 Nov 1801 Strength: 32 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 335 rank and file fit for duty, 59 rank and file sick, 506 total officers and men, 712 establishment.

1802 30th (Cambridgeshire)

Malta 1 Jan 1802 Strength: 29 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 344 rank and file fit for duty, 52 rank and file sick, 508 total officers and men, 712 establishment.

Malta 13 Jan 1802 The 30th left Malta for England.

1803

26 Aug 1803–June 1804 The first payment of prize money from the proceeds of the sale of captured property in Malta on 4 Sep 1800 was paid to the officers and men 30th Foot:

Entitled sergeants received a first payment of £18 10s 6d, corporals, drummers and privates all received £3 0s 6d.

The 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment

1854 30th (Cambridgeshire)

Malta 5 May 1854 712 men arrived from Gibraltar on board the Cambria en-route to the Crimea.

In Nov 1854, the regiment had 12 officers and 530 men serving in the Crimea. Bowel complaints predominated and cholera prevailed extensively, particularly among the young recruits.

The East Lancashire Regiment

1923 1st/East Lancashire

Malta Oct 1923 The 1st/East Lancashire arrived at Malta.

Malta 1 Dec 1923 Strength: 26 Officers, 767 rank and file.

1924 1st/East Lancashire

Malta 1 Jan 1924 Strength: HQ and 4 Coys consisting of 27 officers and 765 men.

Malta 1 July 1924 Strength: HQ and 4 Coys consisting of 26 officers, 729 rank and file.

1925 1st/East Lancashire

Malta 1 April 1925 Strength: 27 officers and 793 men.

Malta 1 Oct 1925 Strength: 8 officers and 646 men.

Bibliography