RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
The 26th (Cameronians) Regiment of Foot

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The 1st/26th (Cameronians) Regiment of Foot

Introduction

The 26th (The Cameronians) Regiment of Foot was raised on 14 May 1689 as the Earl of Angus Regiment of Foot to safeguard the religious and civil freedons of the Presbyterian persuasion in Scotland from the persecutions of King James II.

In 1751, it was numbered the 26th Foot, to which the title The Cameronians was added in 1786.

In 1881, the 26th (Cameronian) Regiment of Foot merged with the 90th Regiment of Foot (Perthshire Volunteers)(Light Infantry), to form the 1st Battalion/The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles).

The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) disbanded in 1968.

Service Record — The 1st Battalion The 26th (The Cameronians) Regiment of Foot

1880 26th (The Cameronians)

19 Aug 1880 The 26th Foot embarked at Portsmouth from Chatham on 7 Aug 1880. It disembarked at Malta on 18 Aug 1880.

The 26th Regiment had an average strength of 264 men. It had 363 admissions (1375/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (15.15 deaths/1000 mean strength). Its average constantly sick was 12.61 (47.76/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.48 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 12.71 days. The high admission rate rate was attributed to the regiment disembarking at Malta during the hottest part of the year. The diseases were of a mild type.

1881 26th (The Cameronians)

The 1st/Scottish Rifles had an average strength of 186 men. It had 146 admissions into hospital with 2 deaths (4.46/1000 mean strength)..

22 Mar 1881 The 26th Foot left Malta for South Africa as reinforcements following the British defeat at the Battle of Majuba Hill in the First Boer War. However, the war was over by the time it reached Gibraltar, and the 26th returned to England.

Service Record — The 2nd Battalion The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

1911 2nd/The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

17 Sept 1911 The 2nd/The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) left Colchester on 8 September 1911. It embarked on the Somali at Southampton, and disembarked at Malta on 17 September 1911.

1912 2nd/The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

1913 2nd/The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

1913 The 2nd/The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) was at Mtarfa Barracks. The following regimental children were baptised at the Mtarfa Church Room in 1913:

1914 2nd/The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

13 Sept 1914 On 13 September, HT Ships Gallicia, Nevasa and Galika arrived at Malta with the Territorial Brigade of the 1st City of London Royal Fusiliers.

16 Sept 1914 HT Ship Galika sailed from Malta with the 2nd/The Cameronians and married families. The regiment arrived in England on 22 September. It joined the British Expeditionary Force and was almost annihilated at the Battle of Neuve Chapelle.

Bibliography