21st (Royal North British Fusiliers) was raised in 1678, as Colonel The Earl of Mar's Regiment of Foot. It was described as a fusilier regiment in 1691.
In 1712, it became The Royal North British Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.
In 1751 it was numbered 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.
In 1877, the regimental title changed to The 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers), and to The Royal Scots Fusiliers in the Cardwell reforms of 1 July 1881.
In 1959, The 1st/Royal Scots Fusiliers amalgamated with The
1st/Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment).
The 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
1855 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
14 Aug 1855 Burial of Pte William Pomeroy 21st Fusiliers aged 20 years.
1856 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
2 June 1856 The 1st/21st arrived from Balaclava in the Crimea. It had 917 men at Fort Ricasoli.
7 July Burial of Cpl William Erskine aged 24 years.
1857 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
Capt Henry King. After having been by God's mercy preserved from death during the siege of Sevastopol, Alma, Balaclava and Inkermann in which last battle he was dangerously wounded he was drowned while bathing off Fort Ricasoli on 28 Mar 1857 aged 23 yrs. (Msida Bastion Cemetery)
1 Mar 1857 Strength: 776 men at Fort Ricasoli.
The following were
buried in Floriana cemetery in 1857:
30 Mar Capt Henry King 21st Fusiliers aged 28 years son of The Venerable Walker King Archdeacon of Rochester.
31 Oct Lt and Adjutant Thomas Coakley 21st Fusiliers aged 20 years at Ta' Braxia Cemetery.
3 Feb In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, bachelor Sgt Abraham Bailey of the band of the 21st Royal North British Fusiliers married Charlotte Elizabeth Miller, spinster daughter of John and Elizabeth Miller of Athlone County Roscommon, Ireland.
1858 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
Capt Henry King drowned 28 Mar 1857 (Msida Bastion Cemetery)
Memorial of Capt Henry King in Rochester Cathedral
1 Mar 1858 Strength: Rank and File 803 (effective), 800 (established). Together with 14th Foot and 57th Foot, the ten companies of 21st Foot formed part of 1st Brigade.
1 Dec Strength: 29 Officers, 44 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 786 rank and file, 878 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4618 rank and file).
The following were
buried in Floriana in 1858:
8 Feb Pte John Hamilton 21st Regiment aged 22 years.
13 Aug Marion Chalmers aged 1 year 1 month, daughter of Sgt Chalmers.
8 Oct Pte John Hurst aged 21 years 10 months.
13 Dec Frederick Henry Burnside aged 3 days, son of Capt F R E Burnside 21st Regiment at Ta' Braxia Cemetery Floriana.
31 Dec Andrew Ramsey Stuart aged 6 weeks, son of Colonel J R Stuart CB 21st Regiment at Ta' Braxia Cemetery, Msida.
The following were
married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1858:
25 Sep Bachelor Drum Major Robert Levers to Elizabeth Sturgeon, spinster born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.
7 Oct Bachelor CSgt Elias Parsons to Mary Anne Dyke, spinster daughter of James Stephen and Miriam Dyke.
1859 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
Thomas Coakley died 30 Oct 1857 aged 20 yrs 6 mths. Served at the siege and capture of Sebastopol and the expedition to Kimburn. (This was the first burial in Ta' Braxia Cemetery)
1 Feb 1859 Strength: 34 Officers, 44 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 782 rank and file, 881 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4771 rank and file).
1 Apr Strength: 31 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 777 rank and file, 871 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 5650 rank and file).
14 May In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor Pte James Conners married Susannah Feltham, spinster of Shapwick, Dorset.
1 Aug Strength: 31 Officers, 46 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 804 rank and file, 901 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6897 rank and file).
In 1859, the regiment had 129.7 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 2.36 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.
1 Dec 1859 Strength: 36 Officers, 46 NCOs, 18 Buglers/Drummers, 802 rank and file, 902 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7044 rank and file).
Msida Bastion Cemetery Floriana (TNA:MFQ 1/220).
The following were
buried in Floriana Cemetery in 1859:
21 June Agnes Susan Frotman aged 4 months 2 weeks, daughter of Sgt C Frotman 1st/21st Regiment.
4 July Drum Major Robert Jevers 1st/21st Regiment aged 29 years at Ta' Braxia Cemetery.
28 July Algemon Jennings aged 11 months, son of Pte G Jennings 1st/21st Regiment.
3 Sep Martha Price aged 1 year 6 months, daughter of James Price Instructor of Musketry 21st Fusiliers at Rock Gate Cemetery.
1860 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
1 Jan 1860 Strength: 36 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 791 rank and file, 890 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7018 rank and file).
In 1860, the regiment had an average strength of 142 men, 111 hospital admissions (782 admissions per 1000 of mean strength).
17 Mar The 1st/21st embarked on the troop ship Himalaya and left for the West Indies. It arrived in Barbados on 6 April where it relieved 49th Foot. During the nine months it served in Barbados, the regiment had 84 cases of remittent fever with two deaths. The regiment was deemed to have been exceptionally healthy the year before it left Malta, for whilst the admissions for fever were exceedingly numerous in other regiments, the 1st/21st was the only corps which appeared to have enjoyed a marked exemption from the disease. 1