The 21st (Royal North British Fusiliers)
The 21st (Royal North British Fusiliers) was raised in 1678, as Colonel The Earl of Mar's Regiment of Foot. It was described as a fusilier regiment in 1691.
In 1712, it became The Royal North British Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.
In 1751 it was numbered 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.
In 1877, the regimental title changed to The 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers), and to The 1st Battalion The Royal Scots Fusiliers in the Cardwell reforms of 1 July 1881.
In 1959, The 1st/Royal Scots Fusiliers amalgamated with The 1st/Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment).
The 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
1855 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
Burials in 1855:
- 21 July Victoire Hardy nee Delhaye, wife of Pte Samuel Hardy 2nd/Rifle Bde, aged 32 years was buried in the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery, Floriana.
- 14 Aug 1855 Pte William Pomeroy 21st Fusiliers, aged 20 years.
1856 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
2 June 1856 The 1st/21st arrived from Balaclava in the Crimea. It had 917 men at Fort Ricasoli.
Burials in 1856:
- 7 July Cpl William Erskine aged 24 years.
1857 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
1 Mar 1857 Strength 8 Coys Rank and File 776 (Effectives), 660 (Authorised Strength). Together with the eight companies of 1st/14th Foot and 57th Foot, and the Royal Malta Fencibles, the 1st/21st Foot formed part of 2nd Brigade. The men were at Fort Ricasoli.
Marriages in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1857:
- 3 Feb Bachelor Sgt Abraham Bailey of the band of the 21st Royal North British Fusiliers married Charlotte Elizabeth Miller, spinster daughter of John and Elizabeth Miller of Athlone County Roscommon, Ireland
Baptisms in 1857:
- 12 Aug Mary Jane Cooper born 18 July 1857, daughter of Jane and Sgt John Cooper.
- 12 Aug Marion Chambers born 10 July 1857, daughter of Marion and Sgt Robert Chambers.
- 26 Aug Catharine Webb born 2 August 1857, daughter of Jane and Pte William Webb.
- 9 Sep Ellen Forster born 26 July 1857, daughter of Ellen and Sgt James Forster.
- 25 Dec Edward John Olive born 23 November 1857, son of Jane and Sgt James Olive.
Burials in Floriana cemetery in 1857:
- 30 Mar Capt Henry King 21st Fusiliers aged 28 years son of The Venerable Walker King Archdeacon of Rochester was buried at Msida Bastion Cemetery.
After having been by God's mercy preserved from death during the siege of Sebastopol, Alma, Balaclava and Inkermann in which last battle he was dangerously wounded he was drowned while bathing off Fort Ricasoli on 28 March 1857, aged 23 yrs.
Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pietà in 1857:
- 31 Oct Lt and Adjutant Thomas Coakley 21st Fusiliers aged 20 years.
Ta' Braxia Cemetery Piet&224; was opened in 1857. Lt and Adjutant Thomas Coakley 21st Fusiliers, who died on 30 Oct 1857, aged 20 yrs 6 mths, was the first burial at the new cemetery. He had served at the siege and capture of Sebastopol and the expedition to Kimburn.
1858 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
1 Jan 1858 Strength: Rank and File 806 (Effectives), 800 (Establishment). Together with the 1st/14th Foot and 57th Foot, the ten companies of 21st Foot formed part of 1st Brigade.
1 Dec Strength: 29 Officers, 44 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 786 rank and file, 878 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,618 rank and file).
Marriages in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1858:
- 25 Sep Bachelor Drum Major Robert Levers to Elizabeth Sturgeon, spinster born at Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.
- 7 Oct Bachelor CSgt Elias Parsons to Mary Anne Dyke, spinster daughter of James Stephen and Miriam Dyke.
Baptisms in 1858:
- 17 Mar Martha Iset Price born 26 February 1858, daughter of Anne and Sgt Instructor of Musketry James Price.
- 6 May Isaac Bronson born 14 February 1858, son of Catharine Lucy and Thomas Bronson.
- 7 June Eliza Lane, daughter of Catharine and Pte Reuben Lane.
- 7 June Sarah Trotman, daughter of Agnes and Sgt Charles Trotman.
- 15 June John Henry Fairly, son of Anne and QM Sgt John Fairly.
- 5 Sep George Edmund Image born 22 July 1858, son of Charlotte and Capt John George Image.
- 5 Sep Algernon Jennings born 13 August 1858, son of Jane and Pte George Jennings.
- 19 Sep Hugh Fairly born 27 August 1858, son of Anne and QM Sgt John Fairly.
- 11 Dec Frederick Henry Burnside born 10 December 1858, son of Elizabeth Stuart and Capt Frederick Robert Eyre Burnside.
- 27 Dec Andrew Ramsay Stuart born 16 November 1858, son of Lilias Oswald and Col John Ramsay Stuart CB.
Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1858:
- 8 Feb Pte John Hamilton 21st Regiment aged 22 years.
- 13 Aug Marion Chalmers aged 1 year 1 month, daughter of Sgt Chalmers.
- 8 Oct Pte John Hurst aged 21 years 10 months.
Burials in Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pietà in 1858:
- 13 Dec Frederick Henry Burnside aged 3 days, son of Capt F Robert Eyre Burnside.
- 31 Dec Andrew Ramsay Stuart aged 6 weeks, son of Colonel John Ramsay Stuart CB.
1859 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
1 Jan 1859 Strength: 29 Officers, 42 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 752 rank and file, 844 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4,537 rank and file).
1 Apr Strength: 31 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 777 rank and file, 871 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 5005 effective rank and file, 5650 (Establisment).
1 Jun Strength: 31 Officers, 46 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 805 rank and file, 902 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6,937 rank and file).
1 Dec 1859 Strength: 36 Officers, 46 NCOs, 18 Buglers/Drummers, 802 rank and file, 902 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7,044 rank and file).
In 1859, the regiment had 129.7 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 2.36 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.
Marriages in 1859:
- 14 May In the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta, Bachelor Pte James Conners married Susannah Feltham, spinster of Shapwick, Dorset.
Baptisms in 1859:
- 27 Feb Pte and Carpenter John Coombs born 6 January 1836, son of Sarah and Richard Coombs.
- 27 Feb James John Cattle born 5 February 1859, son of Caroline and CSgt Robert Cattle.
- 27 Feb Agnes Susanna Frotman born 6 February 1859, daughter of Agnes and Sgt Charles Frotman.
- 20 Mar Alfred Henry Webb born 28 Feb 1859, son of Jane and Pte William Webb.
- 17 Apr James Chalmers born 25 Mar 1859, son of Miron and Sgt Robert Chalmers.
- 10 July Lucy Foster born on 29 May 1859, daughter of James and CSgt Ellen Foster.
- 31 July Anne Jane Rogers born on 10 July 1859, daughter of Sarah and CSgt William Rogers.
- 7 Aug Mary Bronson born 9 July 1859, daughter of Catherine and Sgt Thomas Bronson.
- 30 Oct Eliza Jane Parsons, daughter of Mary Anne and CSgt Elias Parsons.
- 25 Dec Agnes Cooper born 13 November 1859, daughter of Jane and CSgt John Cooper.
Burials at Ta' Braxia Cemetery in 1859:
- 4 July Drum Major Robert Jevers aged 29 years.
- 15 July Hugh Fairley son of QM Sgt John Fairley 2nd/21st Regiment, aged 10 months.
Burials in Rock Gate Cemetery in 1859:
- 3 Sep Martha Price aged 1 year 6 months, daughter of James Price Instructor of Musketry 21st Fusiliers.
Burials in Floriana Cemetery in 1859:
- 21 June Agnes Susanna Trotman aged 4 months 2 weeks, daughter of Sgt C Trotman.
- 28 July Algernon Jennings aged 11 months 2 weeks, son of Pte G Jennings.
1860 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers
|Average Strength||Admissions Hospital||Deaths||Admissions/1000||Deaths/1000|
|Admissions into hospital and deaths during the year with ratio of admissions and deaths per 1000 of strength. The average strength of the troops, exclusive of the Royal Malta Fencibles, was 5,950 men.|
1 Jan 1860 Strength: 36 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 791 rank and file, 890 total all ranks (Total garrison strength 7,018 rank and file). The 1st/21st was ordered to proceed to the West Indies.
17 Mar The 1st/21st embarked on the troop ship Himalaya and left for the West Indies. It arrived in Barbados on 6 April where it relieved 49th Foot.
During its nine months in Barbados, the regiment had 84 cases of remittent fever with two deaths. The 1st/21st was deemed to have been exceptionally healthy the year before it left Malta, for
whilst the admissions for fever were exceedingly numerous in other regiments, the 1st/21st was the only corps which appeared to have enjoyed a marked exemption from the disease.1
The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own)
1961 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers
1961 The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers were at St Patrick's Barracks Pembroke, with a coy in Benghazi towards the end of the year.
1962 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers
1962 The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers sailed to England on the troopship HMT Oxfordshire. It was the last army unit to move by troopship.
- Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
- Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
- 1Boileau, J. P. H., A few remarks on Yellow Fever, and the movement of troops Brit Med J. 1882, 1; 1097: 7 (7 January 1882).
- British Army Units Location and dates 1945.
- TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
- TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.