RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
21st (Royal North British Fusiliers)

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The 21st (Royal North British Fusiliers)

The 21st (Royal North British Fusiliers) was raised in 1678, as Colonel The Earl of Mar's Regiment of Foot. It was described as a fusilier regiment in 1691.

In 1712, it became The Royal North British Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.

In 1751 it was numbered 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers Regiment of Foot.

In 1877, the regimental title changed to The 21st (Royal Scots Fusiliers), and to The Royal Scots Fusiliers in the Cardwell reforms of 1 July 1881.

In 1959, The 1st/Royal Scots Fusiliers amalgamated with The 1st/Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment).

The 21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1st21st
TNA:WO 379/11 Movements of 1st/21st Regt. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)

1855 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

The following was buried at Malta in 1855:

  1. 14 August Pte William Pomeroy 21st Fusiliers aged 20 years.

1856 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

2 June 1856 The 1st/21st arrived from Balaclava in the Crimea. It had 917 men at Fort Ricasoli.

The following was buried at Malta in 1856:

  1. 7 July Cpl William Erskine aged 24 years.

1857 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

King Henry
Capt Henry King. After having been by God's mercy preserved from death during the siege of Sevastopol, Alma, Balaclava and Inkermann in which last battle he was dangerously wounded he was drowned while bathing off Fort Ricasoli on 28 March 1857 aged 23 yrs.
(Msida Bastion Cemetery)
King Henry
Capt Henry King son of The Venerable Walker King Archdeacon of Rochester.
(Msida Bastion Cemetery)

Malta 1 Mar 1857 Strength: 776 men at Fort Ricasoli.

The following were buried at Floriana in 1857:

  1. 30 March Capt Henry King 21st Fusiliers aged 28 years.
  2. 31 October Lt and Adjutant Thomas Coakley 21st Fusiliers aged 20 years at Ta' Braxia Cemetery.

The following was married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1857:

  1. 3 February Bachelor Sgt Abraham Bailey of the band of the 21st Royal North British Fusiliers to Charlotte Elizabeth Miller, spinster daughter of John and Elizabeth Miller of Athlone County Roscommon, Ireland.

1858 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

King Henry
Memorial of Capt Henry King son of The Venerable Walker King Archdeacon of Rochester. (Rochester Cathedral)

Malta 1 Mar 1858 Strength: Rank and File 803 (Effective), 800 (Established). Together with 14th Foot and 57th Foot, the ten companies of 21st Foot formed part of 1st Brigade.

1 Dec 1858 Strength: 29 Officers, 44 NCOs, 19 Buglers/Drummers, 786 rank and file, 878 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4618 rank and file).

The following were buried at Floriana in 1858:

  1. 8 February Pte John Hamilton 21st Regiment aged 22 years.
  2. 13 August Marion Chalmers aged 1 year 1 month, daughter of Sgt Chalmers.
  3. 8 October Pte John Hurst aged 21 years 10 months.
  4. 13 December Frederick Henry Burnside aged 3 days, son of Capt F R E Burnside 21st Regiment at Ta' Braxia Cemetery Floriana.
  5. 31 December Andrew Ramsey Stuart aged 6 weeks, son of Colonel J R Stuart CB 21st Regiment at Ta' Braxia Cemetery, Msida.

The following were married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1858:

  1. 25 September Bachelor Drum MajorRobert Levers to Elizabeth Sturgeon, spinster born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk.
  2. 7 October Bachelor CSgtElias Parsons to Mary Anne Dyke, spinster daughter of James Stephen and Miriam Dyke.

1859 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

Thomas Coakley
Thomas Coakley died 30 Oct 1857 aged 20 yrs 6 mths. Served at the siege and capture of Sevastopol and the expedition to Kimburn. (This was the first burial at Ta' Braxia Cemetery)

1 Feb 1859 Strength: 34 Officers, 44 NCOs, 21 Buglers/Drummers, 782 rank and file, 881 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 4771 rank and file).

1 April 1859 Strength: 31 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 777 rank and file, 871 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 5650 rank and file).

1 Aug 1859 Strength: 31 Officers, 46 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 804 rank and file, 901 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 6897 rank and file).

In 1859, the regiment had 129.7 admissions from fever per 1000 of mean strength with 2.36 deaths from fever per 1000 of mean strength.

1 Dec 1859 Strength: 36 Officers, 46 NCOs, 18 Buglers/Drummers, 802 rank and file, 902 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7044 rank and file).

msida bastion
Msida Bastion Cemetery Floriana (TNA:MFQ 1/220).

The following were buried at Floriana Cemetery in 1859 unless stated otherwise:

  1. 21 June Agnes Susan Frotman aged 4 months 2 weeks, daughter of Sgt C Frotman 1st/21st Regiment.
  2. 4 July Drum Major Robert Jevers 1st/21st Regiment aged 29 years at Ta' Braxia Cemetery.
  3. 28 July Algemon Jennings aged 11 months, son of Pte G Jennings 1st/21st Regiment.
  4. 3 September Martha Price aged 1 year 6 months, daughter of James Price Instructor of Musketry 21st Fusiliers at Rock Gate Cemetery.

The following was married in the Collegiate Church of St Paul's Valletta in 1859:

  1. 14 May Bachelor Pte James Conners to Susannah Feltham, spinster of Shapwick, Dorset.

1860 1st/21st (Royal North British) Fusiliers

1 Jan 1860 Strength: 36 Officers, 43 NCOs, 20 Buglers/Drummers, 791 rank and file, 890 total all ranks. (Total garrison strength 7018 rank and file).

In 1860, the regiment had an average strength of 142 men, 111 hospital admissions (782 admissions per 1000 of mean strength).

Malta 17 Mar 1860 The 1st/21st embarked on the troop ship Himalaya and left for the West Indies. It arrived at Barbados on 6 April where it relieved 49th Foot. During the nine months it served in Barbados, the regiment had 84 cases of remittent fever with two deaths. The regiment was deemed to have been exceptionally healthy the year before it left Malta, for whilst the admissions for fever were exceedingly numerous in other regiments, the 1st/21st was the only corps which appeared to have enjoyed a marked exemption from the disease.1

The 1st Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own)

1961 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers

1961 The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers were at St Patrick's Barracks Pembroke, with a coy in Benghazi towards the end of the year.

1962 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers

Malta 1961 The 1st/Royal Highland Fusiliers sailed to England on the troopship HMT Oxfordshire. It was the last army unit to move by troopship.

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. Wickes, H. L, 1974. Regiments of Foot Southampton Osprey Ltd, 14.
  4. 1Boileau, J. P. H., A few remarks on Yellow Fever, and the movement of troops Brit Med J. 1882, 1; 1097: 7 (7 January 1882).
  5. British Army Units Location and dates 1945.
  6. TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  7. TNA:WO 156/595. No 3, Marriage Register 11 July 1839 to 14 May 1859.