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Regiments of the Malta Garrison
Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)

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The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)

Duke of Wellington's
The crest and motto of the Duke of Wellington showing a ducal coronet with a demi-lion rampart holding a forked pennon with the Cross of St George, and the motto Virtutis Fortuna Comes (Fortune favours the Brave).

The Duke of Wellington Regiment was raised in 1702 as Colonel the Earl of Huntingdon's Regiment for service in the War of the Spanish Succession. The regimental name subsequently changed to the 33rd Foot (1751–1882), the 33rd (1st Yorkshire, West Riding) Regiment of Foot (1782–1853), and after the death of the Duke of Wellington in 1852, to the 33rd (Duke of Wellington's) Regiment (1853–1881).

On 1 July 1881, The 33rd (Duke of Wellington) Regiment linked with the 76th Regiment of Foot to form The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment). The 33rd became the 1st Battalion, the 76th became the 2nd Battalion The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment).

In January 1921, The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment) became The Duke of Wellington's Regiment (West Riding).

The 1st Battalion The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)

1854 1st/Duke of Wellington

Duke of Wellington's
The Duke of Wellington's Regiment
(Sa Maison Gardens Floriana)

1854 The regiment deployed to the Crimea where it fought at the Battle of Inkerman.

In Nov 1854, the regiment had 18 officers and 535 men serving in the Crimea. 100 recruits joined the regiment on 18 Nov 1854. One third of these recruits fell sick with cholera. Diarrhoea was also common. Its high incidence among the men was ascribed by the surgeon to harassing duty in the trenches, poorly cooked and scanty rations and inadequate clothing. Conditions were made worse by the cold and wet weather.

1855 1st/Duke of Wellington

The following was buried at Malta in 1855:

  1. 1 November Pte Thomas Higgins aged 20 years.

1856 1st/Duke of Wellington

The 1st Battalion The Duke of Wellington's (West Riding Regiment)

1895 1st/Duke of Wellington

33rd
TNA:WO 379/11 Movements of 33rd Regt. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)

The 1st/West Riding Regiment embarked at Southampton from Dover on 28 Sept 1895. It disembarked at Malta on 7 Oct 1895.

It had an average strength of 187 men with 194 admissions into hospital.

Its average constantly sick was 7.49 (40.05/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 14.62 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 14.09 days.

The 1st/West Riding Regiment was quartered at Verdala Barracks for 2 months.

1896 1st/Duke of Wellington

J Hutchins
Pioneer J J Hutchins D Coy drowned whilst boating 3 Oct 1897 aged 27 yrs.
(Pieta' Military Cemetery)

The 1st/West Riding Regiment had an average strength of 932 men. It had 1020 admissions (1094.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (2.15/1000 mean strength). 10 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 62.37 (66.92/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 24.40 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 22.38 days.

The 1st/West Riding Regiment was quartered at Verdala Barracks for 6 1/2 months and at Floriana Barracks and Notre Dame Ravelin for 5 1/2 months.

1897 1st/Duke of Wellington

A Wilman
Sgt A Wilman D Coy died at Floriana 19 June 1897 aged 25 yrs. (Pieta' Military Cemetery)

The 1st/West Riding Regiment had an average strength of 949 men. It had 900 admissions (948.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 9 deaths (9.48/1000 mean strength). 52 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 64.84 (68.32/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 24.94 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.30 days.

The 1st/West Riding Regiment was quartered at Floriana Barracks and Notre Dame Ravelin for 12 months.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1897:

  1. 13 February Pte Thomas Brooks aged 19 years 10 months, died at Cottonera.

1898 1st/Duke of Wellington

Duke of Wellington's Regiment
The Pioneers of The DWR
(Sa Maison Gardens Floriana)
F Sutcliffe
Pte Fred Sutcliffe A Coy died 28 Feb 1898 aged 19 yrs 7 mths. (St Margerita Cemetery Rabat)

The 1st/West Riding Regiment had an average strength of 756 men. It had 771 admissions (1019.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (6.61/1000 mean strength). 27 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 38.73 (51.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.70 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 18.33 days.

The battalion was at Floriana Barracks for 8 months.

Strength: 1 Jan 1898 1064 men.
Strength: 1 Sept 1898 1119 men.

The 1st/West Riding Regiment embarked for Dover via Southampton on 4 Sept 1898, where it disembarked on 15 September.

The following were baptized in Malta in 1898:

  1. 3 Mar Mabel Elizabeth Thomas born on 7 February 1898, daughter of Band Sgt Frederick William Thomas and Sarah Ann, resident at Floriana.
  2. 7 Apr Grace Dowswell born on 17 March 1898, daughter of L/Cpl George Dowswell and Mary, resident at Floriana.
  3. 14 Apr Thomas Harry Gordge born on 22 March 1898, son of Sgt William Harry Gordge and Mary Ann, resident at Floriana.

The 1st Battalion The Duke of Wellington's Regiment

E Weeks
Pte Ernest Weeks F Coy died 16 Aug 1898 aged 24 yrs 11 mths. (Pieta' Military Cemetery)

1935 1st/Duke of Wellington

Malta Jan 1935 The 1st/Duke of Wellington Regiment arrived at Malta on a short tour of Foreign Service. It formed part of 14th Infantry Brigade.

Malta 30 June 1935 Strength: 28 Officers and 763 men.

1936 1st/Duke of Wellington

1937 1st/Duke of Wellington

Malta 30 June 1937 Strength: 508 men.

Malta July – Dec 1937 The 1st/Duke of Wellington Regiment left Malta some time between July and Dec 1937.

The 1st Battalion The Duke of Wellington's Regiment

1956 1st/Duke of Wellington

Malta Aug 1956 The 1st/Duke of Wellington Regiment arrived in Malta during the Suez Crises.

Malta Nov 1956 The 1st/Duke of Wellington Regiment moved to Nicosia Cyprus.

References

  1. Farmer J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  4. TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.
  5. TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  6. TNA:WO 156/598. Baptism Register No 16; Malta from 20 February 1898 to 17 July 1916.