Regiments of the Malta Garrison The 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment
The 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment
The 27th (Inniskilling) Regiment of Foot was raised in 1689 by William III from the troops who had defended Enniskillen when it was besieged by King James.
In 1747 it was granted the numeral 27; in 1751 it became the 27th (Enniskilling) Regiment. The spelling changed from Enniskillen to Inniskilling in 1840. In 1799, the 27th (Enniskilling) was in Holland as part of Sir Ralph Abercrombie's army.
In April 1836, the 27th was granted permission to bear on its Colours the words St Lucia in commemoration of the assault upon Fort Morne Fortune which led to the surrender of the Island of St Lucia on 26 May 1796.
On 1 July 1881, the 27th linked with The 108th (Madras Infantry) Regiment to become the 1st Battalion The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. The 108th became the Second Battalion.
On 1 July 1968, The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers merged with the Royal Ulster Rifles and the Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) to form The Royal Irish Rangers.
On their arrival in Malta in 1800, the 1st/27th Regiment had the following Companies:
Commandant's Coy – Gen Eyre Massey Lord Clarina (On King's leave).
Lt Colonel Samuel Graham's Coy
Brevet Lt Colonel Peter Beaver's Coy
Major Semuel Warren's Coy
Capt John Fawcett's Coy
Capt Moncrieffe Willoughby's Coy
Capt William Howe Knight's Coy
Capt William Collie's Coy
Capt Charles Thompsons' Coy
Capt Henry Standish's Coy
The 2nd/27th Regiment had the following Companies:
Commandant's Coy – Colonel Eyre French (On the Staff in Ireland).
Lt Colonel Frederick Maitland's Coy (On the Staff in West Indies).
Brevet Lt Colonel Haviland Smith's Coy
Capt E W Rigby's Coy
Capt William Barstow's Coy
Capt John Payne's Coy
Capt James Wilson's Coy
Capt S Rawlin's Coy
Capt Lowe's Coy
Capt Correl's Coy
General Orders issued by Maj Gen Villettes at Malta dated La Valetta 22 November 1802.
In consequence of the great addition which will be made to the strength of some of the regiments in this island, by the consolidations of their second battalions, and also in consideration of the extensive duty of this garrison, Major General Villettes finds it necessary to direct that a certain number of officers liable to be reduced to half pay, be retained as supernumeraries upon the strength of their respective regiments until further orders. The 27th Regiment to retain 1 Captain and 3 Subalterns.
All the regiments will retain their full establishment of three sergeants per company, considering those in England as supernumeraries, but from the above consideration, the Major General finds it expedient to order that the 20th, 27th and 35th Regiments can in like manner retain one sergeant per company as supernumeraries over and above the establishment of three sergeants per company until further orders.
1 Jan 1802 Strength: 36 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 65 NCOs, 523 rank and file fit for duty, 115 rank and file sick, 750 total officers and men, 912 establishment.
10 Jan Death of Patrick Purcell Lt Col Beavers' Coy.
12 Jan Death of Thomas Moore Major Semuel Warren's Coy.
1 Mar Strength: 33 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 65 NCOs, 472 rank and file fit for duty, 146 rank and file sick, 730 total officers and men, 912 establishment.
17 Mar The day being St Patrick's day all the Irish Regiments were excused from mounting Guard. As the men had permission to get as drunk as they pleased, symptoms of insobriety became evident among the 27th and Ancient Irish at a very early hour.
1 May Strength: 29 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 56 NCOs, 523 rank and file fit for duty, 91 rank and file sick, 706 total officers and men, 842 establishment.
1 Aug Strength: 29 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 56 NCOs, 546 rank and file fit for duty, 61 rank and file sick, 699 total officers and men, 842 establishment.
A General Court Martial was held on a subaltern officer of the 27th Regiment in consequence of a dispute between himself and an officer of the 13th Regiment.
1 Nov Strength: 29 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 56 NCOs, 552 rank and file fit for duty, 53 rank and file sick, 698 total officers and men, 843 establishment.
22 Nov 1802 The 27th Regiment received from the Army Depôt, Isle of Wight, five sergeants and 95 rank and file.
The 27th Foot had an average strength of 802 men. It had 695 admissions into hospital with 6 deaths. 48 invalids were returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 36.61. The average sick time to each soldier was 16.66 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.23 days.
The 27th Foot was ordered to Hong Kong in Dec 1878.
Apr 1807 The 2nd Battalion arrived in April. Fortescue states that the effect of the mutiny of Count Froberg Levy was a loss of one entire corps of the Mediterranean garrison, which obliged General Fox to weaken his Force in Sicily by sending the 2nd/27th Foot to restore confidence in Malta.
1 July Strength: 32 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 76 NCOs, 661 rank and file fit for duty, 82 rank and file sick, 869 total officers and men, 1126 establishment.
1 Oct Strength: 26 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 76 NCOs, 525 rank and file fit for duty, 56 rank and file sick, 707 total officers and men, 1126 establishment.
1 Nov 1807 Strength: 20 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 76 NCOs, 511 rank and file fit for duty, 36 rank and file sick, 673 total officers and men, 1126 establishment.