Regiments
Of the Malta Garrison
Royal Scots
(Lothian Regiment)

The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

Royal Scots
Officer's Badge depicting the Star of the Order of the Thistle with an encircling motto of the Order Nemo Me Impune Lacessit. Below the scroll is the date 1878–1883 when the 1st/Bn was in Malta. (Main Guard Valletta)

The Royal Scots was constituted as a regiment in the British Army on 28 March 1633. The regiment was used in the service of the king of France though it officially remained a regiment of the Crown. It returned to Britain in 1660 on the restoration of the monarchy and was ranked as the 1st Regiment of Foot.

In 1684, Colonel the Earl of Dumbarton's Regiment of Foot became His Majesty's The Royal Regiment of Foot. From 1751 to 1812, its title was the 1st or The Royal Regiment of Foot.

From 1812 to 1821, it was known as the 1st or The Royal Scots Regiment of Foot.

From 1871 to 1881 the regimental name was The 1st, The Royal Scots.

On 1 July 1881, the infantry were given a geographical connection with an appropriate territorial title in place of the regimental number. The 1st Regiment became The 1st Battalion The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment), as the county regiment for Mid East and West Lothian.

In 1920, the name changed to The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment).

The 1st Foot/The Royal Regiment of Foot

1854 1st Foot/The Royal Regiment of Foot

1854 – 55 From 1821 to 1871 the regimental name was The 1st or The Royal Regiment of Foot. It deployed in the Eastern Campaign against Russia. The regiment fought at Alma, Inkerman and in the trenches before Sebastopol.

Baptisms in 1854:

Burials in 1854:

1855 1st/The Royal Scots

Baptisms in 1855:

Burials in 1855:

The 1st/Royal Scots

1878 1st/The Royal Scots

27 Jan 1878 The 1st/The Royal Scots embarked at Portsmouth on 27 January.

It had an average strength of 747 men. It had 1220 admissions (1633/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 23 deaths (30.79 deaths/1000 mean strength). 59 invalids were returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 66.05 (88.42/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 32.27 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 19.76 days.

14 deaths in the 1st/1st Regiment were from enteric fever. The disease struck during the last eight months of the year. The 1st/1st Regiment occupied Floriana Barracks until October, when it moved to the Cottonera District, with detachments at Pembroke Camp. In the Valletta District, it lost one man in May from enteric fever, two in July, three in August, one in October, and one in November; two men died at Pembroke Camp in December.

1879 1st/The Royal Scots

The 1st/1st Regiment had an average strength of 742 men. It had 805 admissions (1084.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (5.39/1000 mean strength). 21 invalids were returned to England. Its average daily sick was 46.48 (62.64/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 22.86 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.07 days.

1880 1st/The Royal Scots

The 1st/the Royal Scots had an average strength of 691 men. It had 520 admissions (752.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (5.79 deaths/1000 mean strength). 13 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 35.92 (51.98/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.03 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.28 days.

1881 1st/The Royal Scots (Lothian)

From 1881, The 1st, the Royal Scots became The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment). The regiment had an average strength of 615 men. It had 595 admissions (967.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 11 deaths (17.88 deaths/1000 mean strength). 24 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 42.53 (69.15/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 25.24 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.08 days.

1882 1st/The Royal Scots (Lothian)

The 1st/Royal Scots had an average strength of 535 men. It had 381 admissions (712.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths including 1 among the invalids (3.74 deaths/1000 mean strength). 16 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 30.91 (57.77/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.08 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.61 days.

11 Apr 1882 Four coys embarked for the West Indies; a draft of 262 men returned to England.

1883 1st/The Royal Scots (Lothian)

The 1st/Royal Scots had an average strength of 72 men. It had 44 admissions (611.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 3.57 (49.58/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 18.09 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.61 days.

1 Jan – 24 Feb 1883 Half of the battalion formed part of the garrison.

24 Feb 1883 The 1st/Royal Scots was ordered to Barbados, West Indies. The battalion had been in Malta for over 5 years. A few men were left behind as invalids.

The 2nd/Royal Scots

1800 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

20 Dec 1800 The 2nd Battalion arrived from Gibraltar. On 20 Dec it joined Abercrombie's Expedition to Egypt.

1801 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

1 Nov 1801 In Nov 1801 the regiment was withdrawn from Egypt and proceeded to Malta, where it remained for four months.
Strength: 29 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 473 rank and file fit for duty, 173 rank and file sick, 769 total officers and men, 1123 establishment.

1802 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

1 Jan 1802 Strength: 30 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 507 rank and file fit for duty, 118 rank and file sick, 748 total officers and men, 1123 establishment.

May 1802 The regiment left for Gibraltar.

The 2nd/Royal Scots

1855 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

1854 – 55 The 1st or The Royal Regiment of Foot fought at Alma, Inkerman and in the trenches before Sebastopol.

Burials in 1855:

1856 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

11 June 1856 749 men of The 2nd Battalion arrived from Turkey and the Crimea. The men were quartered at Cottonera and at St George's Bay.

Burials in 1856:

1857 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot)

22 May 1857 The 2nd/1st (The Royal Regiment of Foot) was at St George's Bay Barracks. It embarked for Gibraltar.

Baptisms in 1857:

Burials in Floriana in 1857:

The 2nd/The Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

1890 2nd/Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

19 Dec 1890 The 2nd/Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment) arrived from Aldershot via Portsmouth and relieved the 1st/Bedfordshire Regiment, which embarked for India. The battalion was quartered at Cottonera for 13 days.

It had an average strength of 16 men with 22 admissions (606.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital.

1891 2nd/Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

H Archer
LCpl H Archer C Coy 2nd/Royal Scots died 12 Aug 1891 aged 19 yrs 4 mths (Pietà Military Cemetery)

The 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment had an average strength of 977 men. It had 788 admissions (755.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.09/1000 mean strength). 20 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 46.59 (47.69/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.41 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.04 days.

The 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment was at Isola District for 12 months with detachments at Pembroke Camp.

Baptisms in 1891:

Burials in Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

1892 2nd/Royal Scots (Lothian Regiment)

The 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment had an average strength of 188 men. It had 140 admissions (744.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 1 death (5.32/1000 mean strength). 11 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 9.97 (53.03/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 11.41 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.03 days.

7 Mar 1892 The 2nd/Royal Scots Regiment was at Isola District for 3 months. It embarked on the Wellington for Bombay on 7 March, arriving there on 24 March.

Baptisms in 1892:

Burials at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1892:

The 2nd/Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment)

St Andrew's Barracks
St Andrew's Barracks Pembroke.

1946 2nd/Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment)

12 Dec 1946 Arrived from Palestine (MELF). Minor difficulties were encountered in its administration owing to the absence of documents. The regiment was quartered at St Andrew's Barracks, Pembroke.

1947 2nd/Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment)

June 1947 The battalion left for Trieste.

Bibliography