RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry (32nd/46th)

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The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry

32nd Cornwall Light Infantry
A bugle with strings, in the concave of the bugle the regimental number of the 32nd Foot
(Main Guard Valletta)

The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry had its origins in Colonel Edward Fox's Regiment of Marines raised in 1702. In 1751 it was numbered 32nd Foot; in 1782 it was designated the 32nd (Cornwall) Regiment of Foot.

On 26 February 1858, the 32nd Foot was made into a Light Infantry Corps, in recognition of its services in the defence of the Residency at Lucknow during the Indian Mutiny (1857–58).

On 1 July 1881, the 32nd (Cornwall Light Infantry) amalgamated with the 46th (South Devonshire) Regiment, to form the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry.

The 32nd became the 1st Battalion, the 46th became the 2nd Battalion of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry.

In 1959, the the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry linked with the Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's) to form the Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry.

The 46th Regiment

1854 46th Regiment

The following were buried at Malta in 1854:

  1. 27 November Pte Selles 46th Regiment.
  2. 28 November Pte John Miles 46th Regiment.

1855 46th Regiment

The following were buried at Malta in 1855:

  1. 21 March Pte John Belfield 46th Regiment aged 21 years.
  2. 14 April Pte John Grimley aged 20 years.
  3. 13 October William Daniels aged 6 years, son of Sgt Daniels.
  4. 27 October James Stewart aged 23 years.

1856 46th Regiment

The following was buried at Malta in 1856:

  1. 2 May Pte William Powell 46th Regiment.

1857 46th Regiment

The following were buried at Floriana in 1857:

  1. 11 June Rebecca Fryer aged 1 year 2 months, daughter of Armourer Sgt Fryer 46th Regiment.

The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry

1885 1st/Duke of Cornwall's

32nd
TNA:WO 379/11. Movements of 32nd Regt. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)

Malta 29 Dec 1885 The 1st Battalion Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry disembarked at Malta from Kingstown.

The 1st/Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry had an average strength of 7 men. It had 17 admissions (972.4/1000 mean strength) into hospital with no deaths (20.68 deaths/1000 mean strength).

1886 1st/Duke of Cornwall's

William Worsfold
Pte William Worsfold G Coy 1st/DCLI drowned at Pembroke Camp 21 June 1887, aged 23 yrs 11 mths. (Pieta Military Cemetery)

The 1st/Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry had been stationed in Cottonera for 12 months with detachments at Pembroke Camp.

It had an average strength of 813 men. It had 695 admissions (854.8/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 7 deaths (8.60/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 46.39 (57.06/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 20.82 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.36 days.

1887 1st/Duke of Cornwall's

Alfred Ernest Bassano
Lt Alfred Ernest Bassano only son of Maj Gen Bassano CB accidentally killed at Malta 6 Dec 1887 aged 27 yrs. (Ta' Braxia Cemetery)

The 1st/Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry had an average strength of 874 men. It had 386 admissions (441.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 5 deaths (5.72/1000 mean strength). 4 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 22.29 (25.50/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.30 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.07 days.

The following were buried in Pieta Cemetery in 1887:

  1. 22 June Pte William Worsfold aged 23 years.
  2. 14 July Pte Joseph Vale aged 20 years.
  3. 15 July Pte William Grindrod aged 20 years.
  4. 30 July Child Thomas Orlando Nestern aged 6 months.

Malta 20 Aug 1887 The band of the 1st/DCLI played Schubert's overture Rosamunde at St Ignatius College Sliema during the annual exhibition and distribution of prizes. St Ignatius College was an academic establishment run by the Jesuit Fathers for the instruction of male students. It did not receive any subsidy from Government. Parents bore all the expenses for the education of their sons.

1888 1st/Duke of Cornwall's

 William Boggis
Pioneer William Boggis C Coy 1st/DCLI died 19 Dec 1887 aged 40 yrs. (Pieta Military Cemetery)

The 1st/Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry had an average strength of 74 men.

It had 78 admissions (1054/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (27.02/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.39 (72.83/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 26.65 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 23.29 days.

The 1st/Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry was quartered in Valletta. It left for Bombay on 17 Feb 1888. It arrived in India on 7 March.

The 2nd Bn The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry

1882 2nd/Duke of Cornwall's

The 2nd/The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry arrived from England on 18 July 1882. It embarked for Egypt on 20 July, where it arrived on 23 July 1882.

Surgeon–Major Laurence Corban was in medical charge of the Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry in Egypt. He landed in Egypt on 23 July and remained with his regiment until the termination of all active operations by the capture of Cairo, which permitted the withdrawal of the greater portion of the troops. His regiment was always to the front during the campaign, and Dr Corban was in every battle, so that he had ample opportunities of noting deficiencies. Bad and scanty food, the want of blankets and tents, were probably answerable for most of the sickness of the troops.

The 2nd Bn The Duke of Cornwall's Light Infantry

1921 2nd/Duke of Cornwall's

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. Wickes H. L., 1974. Regiments of Foot Southampton: Osprey Ltd.
  4. TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  5. The Tablet A weekly record of ecclesiastical news published 20 August 1887.
  6. Experiences of an army surgeon during the Egyptian Expedition of 1882. Brit Med J (1883), 230, (Published 3 February 1883).
  7. TNA:WO 156/113. Register of Burials September 1853 to June 1862.
  8. Register of Burials No 13, September 1887 to 1908.