RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
Connaught Rangers (88th/94th)

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The Connaught Rangers (88th/94th)

Connaught Rangers
The Elephant, without the howdah, but caparisoned, standing on a bar inscribed Seringapatam which was granted to the 94th Regt. for its service in India.

The Connaught Rangers was formed in July 1881 through the merger of the 88th (Connaught Rangers) with the 94th Regiment of Foot. It took its title from the 88th which recruited in the Connaught area in western Ireland.

The 88th became the 1st Battalion, the 94th became the 2nd Battalion of the Connaught Rangers.

The Connaught Rangers was disbanded in 1922.

The 1st Battalion The Connaught Rangers (88th)

1st Connaught
TNA:WO 379/15 Movements 1st Bn. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)

1907 1st/Connaught Rangers

22 Mar 1907 The Connaught Rangers embarked at Southampton on 13 Mar 1907 on the Braemar Castle. It arrived at Malta on 22 March from Mullingar Co Westmeath Ireland.

1908 1st/Connaught Rangers

Malta 27 Feb 1908 The Connaught Rangers left Malta for Karachi on board the Rewa. It arrived at Karachi on 11 Mar 1908.

The 2nd Battalion The Connaught Rangers (94th)

1889 2nd/Connaught Rangers

94th
TNA:WO 379/11 Movements of 94th Regiment. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)
George Lyne
George Lyne Band 2nd Connaught Rangers died at Pembroke Camp Jan 1890 aged 15 yrs. (Pieta Military Cemetery)
David Watts
LSgt David Watts, died at Pembroke Camp on 9 August 1890 aged 40 years.
(Pieta Military Cemetery)

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers embarked at Devonport from Aldershot on 13 July 1899. It disembarked at Malta on 22 July 1889.

The Battalion was quartered at Verdala Barracks Cottonera for 3 and a half months and at Pembroke Camp and Gozo for 2 months.

It had an average strength of 419 men with 378 admissions (902.1/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 6 deaths (14.32 deaths/1000 mean strength). 7 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 30.85 (73.63/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 26.87 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 29.79 days.

Surgeon General Duncan Alexander Campbell Fraser reported that the Connaught Rangers had arrived in July with a number of badly fed and immature boys, who knew nothing about the usual laws of regulation of health. The men exposed themselves recklessly to the sun and chills, idled away their day, and spent their evenings in low grog shops.

The PMO attributed the considerable number of sickness in the 2nd/Connaught Rangers, to the regiment having in its ranks a large number of lads between the ages of 18 and 20 years. The health of many of these youths rapidly gave way from week to week under the climatic changes consequent in their transfer to Malta, at an unhealthy season of the year.

The PMO requested that no man under 19 years of age be sent from England, and that troops should only arrive in Malta during October and the succeeding four months.

1890 2nd/Connaught Rangers

Ellen Elliott
Ellen Elliott wife of CSgt Elliott died 28 Aug 1890 after a short illness aged 20 yrs.
(Pieta Military Cemetery)

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers had an average strength of 866 men with 431 admissions (497.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 9 deaths (10.39 deaths/1000 mean strength). 36 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 31.51 (36.39/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 13.29 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.69 days.

The battalion was at Pembroke Camp and Fort Chambray Gozo for 11 1/2 months and in Valletta for 2 weeks.

1891 2nd/Connaught Rangers

Violet Maude
Violet Maude Jamieson youngest daughter of QM Sgt Charles and Ellen Jamieson 2nd Connaught Rangers died Pembroke Camp
16 Aug 1890 died 11 mths
(Pieta Military Cemetery)

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers had an average strength of 957 men.

It had 751 admissions (784.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 9 deaths (9.40 deaths/1000 mean strength). 38 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 56.99 (59.55/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 21.73 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.70 days.

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers was at Verdala Barracks for 12 months.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1891:

  1. 2 July Edith Peppers aged 16 months, died at Verdala Barracks.
  2. 17 July Jessie Cooper aged 25 years, died at St Nicholas.
  3. 9 August William Clarke aged 19 years 3 months, died at Fort Salvatore Married Quarters.

1892 2nd/Connaught Rangers

Patrick John Curran
CSgt Patrick John Curran, the husband of Georgina Curran died 11 Dec 1891 aged 25 yrs. (Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pieta)

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers had an average strength of 826 men.

It had 534 admissions (646.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths (4.84 deaths/1000 mean strength). 25 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 27.21 (45.05/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.48 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.50 days.

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers was at Fort Manoel and Hutments with detachments at Fort San Salvatore for 9 months. Half the battalion was at Fort Chambray Gozo.

On 27 Sept 1892, Headquarters and four companies embarked for Cyprus.

1893 2nd/Connaught Rangers

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers had an average strength of 454 men. It had 192 admissions (422.9/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (6.60 deaths/1000 mean strength). 9 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 12.68 (27.93/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 10.19 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 24.11 days.

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers was at Fort Chambray Gozo for 12 months.

1894 2nd/Connaught Rangers

In 1894 there were two epidemics of influenza at Fort Chambray Gozo, with 43 cases in the 2nd/Connaught Rangers in the early part of the year, and 65 admissions after the arrival of the 2nd/Leinster Regiment from England in November.

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers had an average strength of 447 men. It had 215 admissions (481/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths (6.71 deaths/1000 mean strength). 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 12.22 (27.34/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 9.08 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 20.74 days.

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers was at Fort Chambray Gozo for 10 months and Fort Manoel and Hutments for 2 months.

1895 2nd/Connaught Rangers

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers had an average strength of 52 men. It had 41 admissions (788.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 1 invalid returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 2.37 (19.23/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 16.64 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 21.10 days.

The 2nd/Connaught Rangers was at Fort Manoel and Hutments for 1 month. It embarked for Egypt on 11 Feb 1895.

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  3. TNA:WO 379/15. Stations of Regiments 1901–1920.
  4. TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.