RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
79th (Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders)

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The 79th (Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders)

Cameron Highlanders
The Thistle with the Imperial Crown lies within a belt inscribed The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, which is superimposed on the Cross of St Andrew. Below the belt is a Sphinx commemorating the 1801 Campaign in Egypt.

The 79th (Highland–Cameronian Volunteers) Regiment was raised in 1793 by Sir Alan Cameron of Erracht. In 1804, it was known as the 79th Cameronian Highlanders, and in 1873 as the 79th (Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment.

On 1 July 1881, the 79th became the First Battalion The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders. A 2nd Battalion was raised in 1897.

In 1961, the Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders amalgamated with the Seaforth Highlanders to form the Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons).


The 79th Regiment

1855 79th

The following were buried at Malta in 1855:

  1. 11 May Pte James Wilson 79th Regiment aged 21 years.
  2. 5 August Pte Riehard Falconer 79th Regiment aged 16 years.

The 1st Battalion The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

1892 1st/Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

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TNA:WO 379/11 Movements of 79th Regt. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)

The 1st/Cameron Highlanders embarked at Portsmouth from Edinburgh on 23 Feb 1892. It arrived at Malta on 7 March.

It had an average strength of 695 men, 609 admissions (876.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital and 6 deaths (8.63/1000 mean strength). 7 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 28.50 (41.0/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 25.01 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 17.13 days.

The 1st/Cameron Highlanders was quartered at Pembroke Camp for 9 months. It had detachments at Citta Vecchia for 3 months.

1893 1st/Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

Young Janet Murray
Janet Murray wife of QM Lt W Young died 2 June 1892, aged 34 years.
QM Lt William Young died at Cairo 13 Jan 1898, aged 48 yrs. (Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pieta)

The 1st/Cameron Highlanders had an average strength of 956 men. It had 732 admissions (765.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 11 deaths (11.51/1000 mean strength). 25 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 50.24 (52.55/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 19.18 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 25.05 days.

The 1st/Cameron Highlanders was quartered at Pembroke Camp for 2 months and at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 10 months.

The following were buried at Rinella Military Cemetery in 1893:

  1. 13 May A Mancenston aged 19 years, died at Cottonera.
  2. 31 August James Brooks aged 25 years, died at Cottonera.
  3. 18 October John Montgomery aged 2 years 10 months, died at Cottonera.

1894 1st/Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

Robert Brown
1345 Sgt Robert Brown, A Coy 1st/Queen's Own Cameron Hldrs died 29 Dec 1894 aged 31 yrs. (Ta' Braxia Cemetery Pieta)

The 1st/Cameron Highlanders had an average strength of 956 men. It had 616 admissions (644.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 2 deaths (2.09/1000 mean strength). 17 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 46.11 (48.25/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 17.61 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 27.32 days.

The 1st/Cameron Highlanders was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 12 months.

1895 1st/Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

The 1st/Cameron Highlanders had an average strength of 141 men. It had 71 admissions (503.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital. 3 invalids returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 5.93 (24.28/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.51 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 30.79 days.

The 1st/Cameron Highlanders was quartered at Lower St Elmo Barracks for 6 weeks.

It embarked for Gibraltar on 19 Feb 1895, where it arrived on 24 February.

The 2nd Battalion The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

Thomas Love
5853 Pte Thomas Love A Coy 2nd/Queen's Own Cameron Hldrs died 27 Sept 1902 aged 20 yrs. (Mtarfa' Military Cemetery)

1902 2nd/Cameron Highlanders

Malta 4 May 1902 A Coy, C Coy and H Coy The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders arrived from Gibraltar. B Coy went to Cyprus. Part of the Battalion was in Crete.

Malta 29 Sept 1902 Burial of Pte Thomas Love aged 19 yrs 8 mths, at Mtarfa Military Cemetery (Plot 4, Row 2, Grave 4).

1903 2nd/Cameron Highlanders

2nd Cameronians
TNA:WO 379/15 Regt Movements 1902-1909. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)

Malta 10 Mar 1903 Arrived from Crete where they were replaced by the 1st/Royal Dublin Fusiliers from Malta.

The Battalion was stationed at Fort Manoel.

1904 2nd/Cameron Highlanders

The Battalion was stationed at Fort Manoel. Its strength was 306 men.
Malta 16 April 1904 Embarked on the Sudan for Capetown where they arrived on 9 May 1904.

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. Badges of HM Services. WM. Briggs & Co Manchester.
  4. TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  5. TNA:WO 379/15. Stations of Regiments 1901–1920.
  6. TNA:WO 156/115. Register of burials in the military cemetery Rinella from January 1890 to January 1908.
  7. TNA:WO 156/113. Register of burials September 1853 to June 1862.