RAMC

Regiments of the Malta Garrison
18th (Royal Irish)

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The 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment

The 18th Foot was raised in 1684, as Colonel the Earl of Granard's Regiment of Foot.

In 1751, it was numbered 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment.

On 1 July 1881, under the Cardwell reforms, The 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment became The Royal Irish Regiment.

The Royal Irish Regiment was disbanded in 1922 on the foundation of the Irish Free State.

The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment

1801 1st/18th (Royal Irish) (Pulteney's Regiment)

Malta 1 Nov 1801 Strength: 21 Commissioned and Warrant Officers, 75 NCOs, 334 rank and file fit for duty, 79 rank and file sick, 525 total officers and men, 712 establishment.

1802 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

1 Jan 1802 The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) was at Elba.

The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment

1821 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

Apr 1821 The 1st/18th arrived from England.

Inspector of Hospitals John Hennen reported that the 18th Foot had between a hundred to two hundred men unfit for Malta, and a burden to the service, labouring under the effects of repeated attacks of fever and hepatic diseases contracted in the West Indies, and also from pulmonary afflictions.1

The following were baptised in Malta in 1821:

  1. 27 Apr Elijah Johnston son of Cpl John Thomas Johnston and Michelina, born on 17 April 1821.
  2. 20 May Sarah McLaughlin daughter of Sgt James McLaughlin and Elizabeth, born on 20 April 1821.
  3. 20 May James Wethers son of Pte James Wethers and Nancy, born on 19 April 1821.
  4. 27 May John Mathews son of Acting Cpl Richard Mathews and Mary, born on 8 April 1821.
  5. 10 June John Logan son of Pte John Logan and Jane, born on 26 May 1821.
  6. 1 July Elizabeth Morrow daughter of Pte James Morrow and Mary Anne, born on 17 June 1821.
  7. 29 July Maria Dowling daughter of Pte Archibald Dowling and Mary, born on 27 March 1821.
  8. 2 Sept Ellen McCartney daughter of Pte James McCartney and Elizabeth, born on 26 August 1821.
  9. 30 Sept Anna Matilda Quinland daughter of Pte John Quinland and Mary, born on 16 September 1821.
  10. 1 Oct Ellen Karr daughter of Pte James Karr and Mary, born on 16 September 1821.
  11. 21 Oct James Ferguson son of Sgt John Ferguson and Anne, born on 16 July 1821.
  12. 21 Oct Eliza Jamason daughter of Pte Thomas Jamason and Susan, born on 16 October 1821.
  13. 28 Oct William Ross son of Cpl Thomas Ross and Mary, born on 16 September 1821.
  14. 9 Dec Sara Kay daughter of Pte William Kay and Christiana, born on 29 November 1821.
  15. 16 Dec Catharine Thompson daughter of Sgt Lewis Thompson and Eleanor, born on 11 June 1821.
  16. 23 Dec Moses Home son of Sgt James Home and Margaret, born on 26 November 1821.

1822 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

Malta 1822 The The 1st/18th had its HQ at Cospicua (Bormla), with a detachment of 52 men at Gozo. The regimental hospital was at Fort Ricasoli.

A regimental soldier was transferred from the Ophthalmia Ward in the Military Hospital Valletta to the Regimental Hospital of the 18th Regiment at Fort Ricasoli for the benefit of a change of air. Staff Surgeon James Dillon Tully said that the patient had an opaque cornea of his left eye before he left for England, and his health had been a good deal impaired by a long confinement in hospital.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1822:

  1. 17 Feb William Armstrong son of Pte James Armstrong and Honorah, born on 9 February 1822.
  2. 10 Mar Catherine Wilson daughter of Sgt Andrew Wilson and Susannah, born on 26 February 1822.
  3. 6 Apr Elizabeth Norton daughter of Pte Richard Norton and Mary, born on 21 March 1822.
  4. 14 Apr Sarah Anne Crosier daughter of Pte Patrick Crosier and Eliza, born on 6 April 1822.
  5. 16 Apr Samuel Smyth son of Lt Col in the Army and Major in the 18th Royal Irish Regiment Robert Smyth and Catharine Clarke, born on 20 November 1821.
  6. 16 Apr Francis George Blakeney son of Pte Robert Blakeney and Anne, born on 20 December 1821.
  7. 12 May Jane Crawford daughter of Cpl George Crawford and Martha, born on 20 January 1822.
  8. 16 June Jane Harrow daughter of Pte Jane Harrow and Mary, born on 11 June 1822.
  9. 30 June Thomas McGill son of Cpl Matthew McGill and Mary, born on 20 June 1822.
  10. 14 July Eliza Jane Stewart daughter of Pte John Stewart and Elizabeth, born on 10 July 1822.
  11. 4 Sept James McMurray son of Pte Thomas McMurray and Jane, born on 1 September 1822.
  12. 15 Sept David Doak son of Pte Samuel Doak and Margaret, born on 8 September 1822.
  13. 29 Sept Margaret McCartney daughter of Pte James McCartney and Elizabeth, born on 16 September 1822.
  14. 29 Sept William Dodds son of Pte William Dodds and Catharine, born on 9 September 1822.
  15. 29 Dec Susannah McKelly daughter of Sgt Joseph McKelly and Elizabeth, born on 21 December 1822.
  16. 29 Dec James McGill son of Pte James McGill and Anne, born on 25 December 1822.

1823 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

Malta 1823 The regiment had 593 men with an average daily sick of 31. The ratio of sick to well was 1:18. The prevailing diseases were: continued fever, pulmonary and bowel disorders, and venereal complaints. In 1823, the regiment moved from Valletta to Floriana replacing 80th Foot.

The following were married in Malta in 1823:

  1. 12 Feb Widower Sgt Robert Shannon to Amelia Simons, a spinster of Swansea in the County of Glamorgan South Wales.
  2. 8 Sept Bachelor Acting Cpl Robert Currens to Elizabeth Proctor, spinster daughter of Cpl Proctor 18th Regiment, deceased.
  3. 15 Sept Bachelor Pte George Peel to Mary Quinland, spinster daughter of Pte John Quinland 18th Regiment.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1823:

  1. 12 Jan Richard Cready son of Cpl William Cready and Anne, born on 2 January 1823.
  2. 9 Feb Joseph McNeal son of Acting Cpl John McNeal and Ellen, born on 9 December 1822.
  3. 12 Feb Eleanor Bowles daughter of Sgt James Bowles and Maria, born on 3 February 1823.
  4. 16 Feb Jane McConkey daughter of Sgt Robert McConkey and Martha, born on 13 February 1823.
  5. 23 Feb Samuel Procter son of Pte Samuel Procter and Elizabeth, born on 18 February 1823.
  6. 27 Feb Anne Doran daughter of Captain John Doran and Georgiana, born on 21 January 1823.
  7. 29 Mar Mary Ross daughter of Sgt Thomas Ross and Mary, born on 4 March 1823.
  8. 6 Apr Priscilla Weathers daughter of Pte James Weathers and Anne, born on 21 March 1823.
  9. 27 Apr Elizabeth Stewart daughter of Cpl Andrew Stewart and Catharine, born on 16 April 1823.
  10. 4 May Margaret Morrow daughter of Pte James Morrow and Mary Anne, born on 26 April 1823.
  11. 17 May James Parker Percival son of Brigade Major and Captain Robert Percival 18th Regiment and Antoinette, born on 30 March 1823.
  12. 18 May Elizabeth Solay daughter of Pte James Solay and Judith, born on 11 May 1823 and publicly received into the church on 25 May 1823.
  13. 1 June John Kirkpatrick son of Pte William Kirkpatrick and Sarah, born on 26 May 1823.
  14. 10 June Rebecca Stewart daughter of Pte Henry Stewart and Margaret, born on 9 June 1823 was privately baptised on 10 June and publicly admitted into the church on 15 June 1823.
  15. 30 July Donald McQueen son of Pte Donald McQueen and Cecilia, born on 24 July 1823, privately baptised and publicly admitted into the church on 3 August 1823.
  16. 24 Aug Elizabeth Dowling daughter of Pte Archibald Dowling and Mary, born on 7 August 1823.
  17. 14 Sept Emma Miller daughter of Sgt William Miller and Elizabeth, born on 9 September 1823.
  18. 5 Oct John East son of Pte Henry East and Mary, born on 18 September 1823.
  19. 14 Oct Catharine Edminston daughter of Cpl James Edminston and Bridget, born on 12 October 1823.
  20. 16 Nov Elizabeth Plunket daughter of Pte James Plunket and Margaret, born on 12 November 1823, privately baptised and publicly received into the church on 30 November 1823.
  21. 21 Dec William John McCartney son of Pte James McCartney and Elizabeth, born on 14 December 1823.
  22. 28 Dec Richard Crawford son of Pte George Crawford and Martha, born on 19 December 1823.

The following died in Malta in 1823:

  1. 15 Apr Pte George Morris Grenadier Coy 18th Royal Irish (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).
  2. 31 July Maj John McNeil 18th Regiment, aged 43 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1824 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

Malta May 1824 The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) embarked for the Ionian Islands. It was replaced by 95th Foot.

The following were baptised in Malta in 1824:

  1. 4 Jan William Glass son of Pte Robert Glass and Catharine, born on 27 December 1823.
  2. 18 Jan Rebecca Jamison daughter of Pte Thomas Jamison and Susan, born on 12 January 1824.
  3. 25 Jan Ellenor Cavenagh daughter of Acting Sgt Hugh Cavenagh and Margaret, born on 5 January 1824.
  4. 22 Feb Abraham Norton son of Pte Richard Norton and Mary, born on 10 February 1824.
  5. 29 Feb Robert Irwin Blakeney son of Pte Robert Blakeney and Anne, born on 24 January 1824.
  6. 7 Mar Harriet Louisa Quinland daughter of Pte John Quinland and Mary, born on 24 February 1824.
  7. 14 Mar Caroline Anthony daughter of Pte Patrick Anthony and Sarah, born on 5 March 1824.
  8. 31 Mar Samuel Fisher son of Sgt Armourer Thomas Fisher and Mary, born on 31 March 1824.
  9. 11 Apr John Reay son of Pte Robert Reay and Hannah, born on 4 April 1824.
  10. 16 Apr Maria Jane Hammill daughter of Captain Robert Hammill and Helen, born on 1 February 1824.
  11. 31 May James Home son of Sgt James Home and Margaret, born on 19 May 1824.
  12. 22 June Irwin Daily son of Sgt Irwin and Elizabeth Reins, born on 22 June 1824.
  13. 14 Oct Anne Martha daughter of Major Robert Percival deceased, and Antoinette, born on 8 September 1824.

The following died in Malta in 1824:

  1. 24 Jan Pte John Vennard 18th Royal Irish Regiment, aged 25 years. (Quarantine Bastion Cemetery Floriana).

1826 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

The following were baptised in Malta in 1826:

  1. 19 Feb Jane Cecilia McQueen daughter of Cpl Donald McQueen and Cecilia, born on 19 January 1826.
  2. 13 Aug James Plunket son of Pte James Plunket deceased and Margaret, born on 6 April 1826.

19 Dec 1827 Died at Malta Lt Col Smyth half pay 94th Foot late of 18th Foot.

The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment

1830 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

12 Dec 1830 The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment was in contingent with the 90th Foot and 95th Foot which sailed from Corfu, when, on 18 Dec 1830, it was wrecked on the coast of Sicily. The 18th Foot re-embarked on HMS Madagascar on 23 December. It disembarked at Malta on 24 Dec 1830.

1831 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

1831 Listed as being in Corfu.

The following was baptised in Malta in 1831:

  1. 8 July Sophia Hammell daughter of Major Robert Hammell and Helen, born on 12 June 1831.

The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment

1856 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment

1st18th
TNA:WO 379/11 Movements of 1st/18th Regt. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)
John Horan
Ellen Horgan Infant daughter of John and Hannah Horgan died 3 Sept 1872 aged 9 mths (St Lawrence Cemetery Vittoriosa)
Hannah Barrett
Hannah Barrett wife of QM H. Barrett died 8 Sept 1872 aged 38 yrs. Also Rose Barrett daughter of above died 8 Mar 1874 aged 5 yrs. (Ta Braxia Cemetery Pieta)

1872 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

In 1872, the 1st/18th had an average strength of 612 men. It had 770 admissions (1258/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 4 deaths in hospital and 1 out of hospital (8.17/1000 mean strength).

Its average strength from 30 June to 30 September was 694 men. During this third quarter of the year when fevers were prevalent, the regiment had a total of 333 hospital admissions with 2 deaths.

It had: 4 cases of enteric fever with 1 death, 115 of continued fevers with 1 death and 214 of febricula with no deaths. The only fatal case of enteric fever in the 18th Foot, was one admitted from Fort Ricasoli in September.

The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) arrived from Fermoy Ireland on 30 January 1872. It had embarked at Queenstown on 18 January 1872.

The regiment brought measles into the station. Of the 9 reported cases among the troops, seven occurred in the 1st/18th Regiment. The disease prevailed to a considerable extent among the families of the soldiers during the year, 93 attacks and 8 deaths being recorded from it.

The men were quartered at Fort Ricasoli, San Salvatore Barracks, and Zabbar Gate Barracks. They were in camp until 28 February.


1873 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

In 1873, the 1st/18th had an average strength of 671 men. It had 417 admissions (621.5/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 9 deaths (13.41/1000 mean strength).

The men were at Fort Ricasoli.

1874 1st/18th (Royal Irish)

The 1st/18th Regiment had an average strength of 516 men. It had 280 admissions (542.6/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 3 deaths including 1 among the invalids (5.81 deaths/1000 mean strength). It had 17 invalids returned to England. A soldier of the 1st/18th Regiment was killed from a gun-shot.

The men at Verdala Barracks.

Malta 20 Oct 1874 The 1st/18th (Royal Irish) embarked for Bombay where it arrived on 15 Nov 1874.
It was relieved by the 101st Royal Bengal Fusiliers.

The 2nd Battalion The 18th (Royal Irish) Regiment

1883 2nd/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment

2nd18th
TNA:WO 379/11 Movements of 2nd/18th Regt. (Courtesy R Sellstrom BEM)

23 Feb 1883 The 2nd/18th embarked at Egypt on 18 Feb 1883. It disembarked at Malta on 23 Feb 1883.

The 2nd/Royal Irish Regiment had an average strength of 191 men. It had 105 admissions (549.7/1000 mean strength) into hospital with no deaths. 1 invalid was returned to England.

Its average constantly sick was 8.28 (43.85/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 15.82 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 28.78 days.

The 2nd/Royal Irish Regiment left for Portsmouth and Aldershot on 17 May 1883.

1884 2nd/18th (Royal Irish)

The 2nd/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment left Aldershot for Portsmouth on 28 Feb 1884. It disembarked at Malta on 10 Mar 1884.

The 2nd/Royal Irish Regiment had an average strength of 743 men. It had 718 admissions (966.3/1000 mean strength) into hospital with 13 deaths (17.49 deaths/1000 mean strength). 13 invalids returned to England. Its average constantly sick was 52.02 (70.01/1000 mean strength). The average sick time to each soldier was 25.62 days. The average duration of cases of sickness was 26.51 days.

The 2nd/Royal Irish Regiment had 15 admissions into hospital with pneumonia soon after the regiment had disembarked; 14 were transferred from hospital on board ship. A private soldier died after falling down 7.6 meters into the ditch of the fortifications.

1885 2nd/18th (Royal Irish)

Malta 7 Jan 1885 The 2nd/18th (Royal Irish) Regiment left for Rawalpindi Bengal India, but 29 soldiers were still in Malta in June 1885.

References

  1. Farmer, J. S., 1984. The regimental records of the British Army Reprint Edition, Trowbridge, Wiltshire: Crecy Books.
  2. Edwards, T. J., 1980. Regimental Badges First Edition, Tonbridge, Kent: Ernest Benn Ltd.
  3. Wickes, H. L, 1974. Regiments of Foot Southampton Osprey Ltd, 14.
  4. TNA:WO 379/11. Stations of Regiments 1859–1900.
  5. TNA:WO 379/15. Stations of Regiments 1901–1920.
  6. TNA:WO 156/122; List of gravestones at the Military and Civil Cemetery 1801–1865 and the Quarantine Bastion Cemetery 1819–1867 compiled by the Rev D B L Foster Assistant Chaplain General Western Mediterranean in May 1939.
  7. 1Hennen, J. Reports on diseases of the garrison of Malta 21 June-23 Sept 1823. Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine RAMC 374.
  8. TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Marriage Register 1 January 1820 to 12 June 1839.
  9. TNA:WO 156/594. No 2, Baptism Register 2 January 1820 to 29 June 1839.