39 Jane Elizabeth Reynolds
MB BCh BAO (RUI 1905)
28 Sep 1876 – ?
Dr Jane Elizabeth Reynolds studied medicine at Queen's College Cork, graduating MB BCh from the Royal University of Ireland in 1905. Women medical students were first admitted to classes at Queen's College, Cork in 1886. Dr J. E. Reynolds also obtained the degree of Bachelor of Obstetrics (BAO) (RUI).
1906 House Surgeon Midland Hospital Birmingham.
Aug 1916 Contracted to work for 12 months as a Civilian Surgeon attached to the RAMC. Her salary was 24 shillings a day, including allowances, but excluding duty transport. A gratuity of £60 was awarded at the end of the contract, provided employment had not been terminated for misconduct. Most of the medical women were invited to renew their contracts at the expiry of their first year's work.
16 Aug 1916 Embarked for Malta as part of the Women's Medical Unit RAMC.
25 June 1917 St Patrick's Military Hospital mobilized as No 61 General Hospital for duty with the Salonica Expeditionary Force. The staff consisted of 12 officers, 8 medical women, 38 female nursing staff, 3 Warrant Officers, one of whom was the Quartermaster and 204 other ranks. On 25 June, the Headquarters of the unit moved to All Saints' Camp, which served as the awaiting passage camp.
2 July 1917 Dr J. E. Reynolds embarked on HMT Ship Abbassieh with No 61 General Hospital, under the command of Lt Colonel Arthur Kennedy RAMC. The medical women on the staff were:
- Cunningham Barbara Martin
- Hanson Helen Beatrice
- Livingstone-Learmonth Agnes Moore
- Austin Winifred
- Rougvie Moss Morrison
- Waring Katharine Ada
- Sanderson Alice Emilie
- Reynolds Jane Elizabeth
4 July 1917 HMT Ship Abbassieh sailed out of the Grand Harbour escorted by HMS Aster and HMS Azalea. HMS Aster struck a mine and sunk eleven miles off Malta with the loss of ten lives. HMS Azalea also struck a mine as she went to the aid of the stricken ship. The ships returned to Malta and anchored in Marsaxlokk Harbour.
6 July 1917 HMT Ship Abbassieh sailed out of Marsaxlokk Harbour. She arrived at Suda Bay, Crete on 9 July and in Salonica, (Thessalonika) Harbour, on 11 July. The medical women were accommodated in the H.S. Llandovery Castle until 21 July, when they rejoined their unit; the men moved to Karraisi Rest Camp.
13–30 July 1917 No 61 General Hospital was set up at Uchantar, about 12 kilometers from Salonica and about a mile to the east of the Monastir Road. While the site was being prepared, the lady doctors attended lectures on the Regulations for the Army Medical Services, Military Allowances, and the duties of patients in military hospitals. On 13 August, consulting physician Colonel Stewart Purves, who had deployed from Malta, gave a lecture on dysentery and another on the soldier's heart.
27 July 1917 The lady doctors attended a lecture by Major Falkoner, consulting staff, on pyrexia. All the men working in the sun were issued with canvas pads to protect the spine from the heat.
10 Aug 1917 No 61 General Hospital became operational.
23–24 Aug 1917 No 61 General Hospital admitted 200 patients from 25 Casualty Clearing Station; four were admitted from the advance party of 10 Division and 119 from the ambulance trains. By 27 August, the hospital had treated 444 patients.
26 Aug 1917 Drs Jane E. Reynolds, and Alice Sanderson were detailed for duty at Dudular Refugee Camp, but had to return to No 61 General Hospitals for their meals and accommodation. Dr Reynolds ceased to visit the Camp on 6 October, when the camp was evacuated.
30 Nov 1917 Tasked to check the steward's store, which was found to be correct.
10 Dec 1917 Dysentery patients were transferred to No 42 General Hospital in preparation for the closure of No 61 General hospital.
28 Dec 1917 No 61 General Hospital closed on 28 December and went into winter quarters. Drs A. Winifred, J. E. Reynolds, A. E. Sanderson, M. M. Rougvie, and Rose Lilian Humphrey Davy who had been transferred from No 62 General Hospital on 4 November 1917, departed for duty at No 38 General Hospital. Dr B. M. Cunningham left for duty at No 42 General Hospital. Dr Katharine Waring who had been under treatment for dysentery at No 43 General Hospital embarked for England as an invalid on 3 December 1917.
18 Apr 1918 No 61 General Hospital was re-erected on Hortiach Plateau, which had been vacated by No 66 General Hospital.
30 Apr 1918 Dr Austin Winifred and Dr Jane E. Reynolds rejoined No 61 General Hospital which became operational on 1 May 1918. The hospital had tentage for 1,560 beds.
July 1918 Returned to England on leave.
23 Sept 1918 Influenza struck No 61 General Hospital. Fell ill with influenza and was placed on the sick list.
16 Nov 1918 Prepared to return to England at short notice.
7 Jan 1919 Closure of No 61 General Hospital Salonica.
9 Jan 1919 – 18 Aug 1919 On duty with 4th Southern General Hospital (Southern Command).
18 Aug 1919 On duty with the Queen Mary's Auxiliary Army Corps.
The Medical Directory of 1923 lists her address as No 56, South Circular Road, Rialto, Dublin.
- No 39 (24/R/576), Army Book No 82. Record of Special Reserve Officer's Service (Records of 132 Lady Doctors).
- Obituary, Louisa Aldrich-Blake. Br Med J (1926); 1: 69 (Published 9 January 1926).
- Macpherson W. G., 1921. History of The Great War, Medical Services General History, Vol I, Chap XIII, The Medical Services in the Mediterranean Garrison pp. 235-248. HMSO London.
- Leneman L., Medical women in the First World War - ranking nowhere. Br Med J (1993); 10: 1592 (Published 18 December 1993).
- Leneman L., Medical Women at war 1914-1918. Medical History 1994, 38: 160-177.
- Fairfield L., Medical Women in the Forces. Part I Women Doctors in the British Forces 1914 - 1918 War. Journal of the Medical Women Federation 49. 1967; p 99.
- Mitchell A. M., Medical Women and the Medical services of the First World War.
- SA/MWF/CI 59. Medical Women Federation, (Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine). Status of medical women under the War Office.
- Women doctors. Hansard House of Commons Debate 2 July 1918; 107: cc1555–6.
- Reports of Societies. Womens' service in Malta with the RAMC. Br Med J (1919); 2 : 634, (Published 15 November 1919).
- The Medical Directory 1923, 79th Issue. London J. & A. Churchill.
- TNA:WO 372/23/34781, Medal Card.
- TNA:WO 94/4935, (June 1917–Jan 1919). War Diaries No 61 General Hospital.
- Mann A. J., 1920 The Salonica Front A and C Black Ltd London.